|This article does not cite any sources. (April 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|• Total||381.2 km2 (147.18 sq mi)|
|Population (The estimate 2015)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC)|
|National calling code||+6-07, +6-06|
|License plate prefix||Jxx|
Tangkak (Chinese: 东甲) is the principal town and capital of Tangkak District in Johor, Malaysia. The town is nicknamed "Fabric Town" or "Syurga Kain" in honour of its many textile shops. It is also well known as being a major entry point to Gunung Ledang (Mount Ophir), which is the highest mountain in Johor. The mountain is clearly visible from any part of Tangkak.
History, Etymology and Infrastructure
Tangkak was founded in the year 1901 at the foot of Mt. Ophir (1276m high) and was under the direct control of Muar district then. In 1946, the local council was established and was governed by the Assistant District Officer who in turn reported to the Muar District Office in those days.
According to hearsay, the word Tangkak came from the Malay word merangkak, meaning to crawl. It was believed that Long Mahmud had led 7 brothers from the Riau Province (in Indonesia) to start the first settlement that is today Tangkak. These 7 brothers had sailed from Riau Province and sailing along the Kesang River before finally arriving at Tangkak River. They saw the flat terrain and decided to stay put at the place. Unfortunately they had difficulties getting up the river bank as their legs got stuck at the slippery river mud. They had to use the roots of trees to help them to get on land. When other settlers asked them the name of the place, they will answer tang merangkak tu. Over a period of time, it was shortened to Tangkak, the name of the settlement today.
Tangkak has an extensive network of roads including proximity to the North-South Expressway and a police organization that would soon be upgraded as a Police District Headquarters. The town is served by the Tangkak District Hospital which offers assistance to many highway mishaps and numerous primary health centres. Tangkak District Hospital also serves as a teaching hospital for Melaka Manipal Medical College.
The sub-districts of Muar and Tangkak has separated and Tangkak has been upgraded to a full-fledged district since 2006, but it would be renamed as the Ledang district after the Gunung Ledang nearby. Menteri Besar Datuk Abdul Ghani Othman said the Ledang district covers Tangkak town, Tanjung Agas, Kesang, Sungai Mati, Serom, Sagil and Bukit Gambir.
Tangkak is known for its beef noodles and chicken rice. Other common local dishes are:
- Asam pedas
- 'Chi Kut' Noodles, a Chinese dry noodle served with char siew (roosted pork) which is a signature hawker dish in Tangkak
- Chik Kut Teh, chicken version of Bak Kut Teh (a Chinese pork dish)
- Mee Bandung
- Nasi lemak
- Red source noodles
- Roti canai
- Sate nazar
- Soto Pak Ali
- Nasi Lemak Ayam Berempah (Kedai Makan & Minum MN)
- "Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Johor". DAPMalaysia.org. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "Ahli Parlimen". Portal Rasmi Parlimen Malaysia. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Towns and Cities in Malaysia
- Muar to say goodbye to Tangkak, The Star, November 20, 2006
- More information in Chinese, please refer to http://www.ledang.org.my/default.aspx
- Kuil Sri Subramaniar Tangkak, 115, Jalan Muar, 84900 Tangkak, Johor. (website:http://www.kaumaram.com/tangkak)