||It has been suggested that Tangled Ever After be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2014.|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Nathan Greno
|Screenplay by||Dan Fogelman|
by Brothers Grimm
|Music by||Alan Menken|
|Editing by||Tim Mertens|
|Studio||Walt Disney Pictures
Walt Disney Animation Studios
|Distributed by||Walt Disney Studios
|Running time||100 minutes|
Tangled is a 2010 American computer animated musical fantasy-comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. Loosely based on the German fairy tale "Rapunzel" in the collection of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm, it is the 50th animated feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series. Featuring the voices of Mandy Moore, Zachary Levi, and Donna Murphy, the film tells the story of a lost princess with long magical hair who yearns to leave her secluded tower. Against her mother's wishes, she accepts the aid of a handsome intruder to take her out into the world which she has never seen.
Before the film's release, its title was changed from Rapunzel to Tangled, reportedly to market the film as gender-neutral. Tangled spent six years in production at a cost that has been estimated at $260 million which, if accurate, would make it the most expensive animated film ever made and the second most expensive film of all time. The film employed a unique artistic style by blending features of both computer-generated imagery (CGI) and traditional animation together, while using non-photorealistic rendering to create the impression of a painting. Composer Alan Menken, who had worked on prior Disney animated features, returned to score Tangled.
Tangled premiered at the El Capitan Theatre on November 14, 2010, and went into general release on November 24. The film earned $591 million in worldwide box office revenue, $200 million of which was earned in the United States and Canada; it was well received by critics and audiences alike. Tangled was nominated for a number of awards, including Best Original Song at the 83rd Academy Awards. The film was released on Blu-ray and DVD on March 29, 2011; an animated short sequel, Tangled Ever After, was released in 2012.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Cast
- 3 Production
- 4 Music and soundtrack
- 5 Release
- 6 Reception
- 7 Tangled Ever After
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Once upon a time, a single drop of sunlight falls to Earth and becomes a golden flower filled with incredibly strong healing properties. An old enchantress named Mother Gothel discovers the flower and hoards its healing ability through a song to keep her young for hundreds of years. Centuries later, the pregnant Queen of a nearby kingdom falls deathly sick, leading the King to seek out the legendary mystical plant. Despite Gothel's efforts to hide it, the flower is found, uprooted, and boiled into medicine for the queen, which heals her. The Queen gives birth to a girl, Princess Rapunzel, who has beautiful golden hair that possesses magical healing properties. Gothel, wanting to reclaim her immortality and youth, breaks into the royal nursery to cut a lock of Rapunzel's hair, only to discover that doing so causes it to lose its magic. She kidnaps the Princess instead, raising her as her own in an isolated tower. The King and Queen honor their missing daughter by releasing floating lanterns on the night of her birthday each year in hopes that one day, their Lost Princess will return.
For her eighteenth birthday, Rapunzel asks Gothel for permission to go outside the tower for the first time in her life in order to see the source of the annual floating lights, but Gothel refuses and says that the outside world is filled with dangers. Meanwhile, a thief named Flynn Rider and his partners, the Stabbington brothers, steal the tiara of the lost princess. During the ensuing chase, Maximus, horse of the Captain of the Guards, is separated from his rider but continues on his own. Flynn betrays his accomplices, takes the tiara, and stumbles upon Rapunzel's tower. Rapunzel knocks him unconscious, hides him, and takes the tiara. She asks Gothel for a special paint, the ingredients for which require three days of travel. Gothel leaves and Rapunzel tells Flynn that she will give him the tiara back if he takes her to see the lights. While on the route, he takes her to the Snuggly Duckling Inn, which is full of Gaul thugs, in hopes of scaring her into giving up her quest. The thugs are charmed by Rapunzel, who encourages them to follow their dreams.
Fearing that someone might find Rapunzel, Gothel returns early to the tower and finds the tiara. She teams up with the Stabbington brothers so she can get Rapunzel back and the brothers can get revenge on Flynn. The guards invade the tavern and chase Rapunzel and Flynn to a dam which collapses. Flynn and Rapunzel become trapped in a flooding cave. Believing he is about to die, Flynn tells Rapunzel his real name: Eugene Fitzherbert. Rapunzel admits her hair glows when she sings, then realizes they can use the light from her hair to find a way out. Rapunzel later uses her hair to heal Flynn's injured hand. When Flynn goes to gather firewood, Gothel meets Rapunzel, insisting that Flynn does not truly care for her and gives Rapunzel the tiara, suggesting that she test Flynn by giving it to him. The next morning, Maximus confronts Flynn but Rapunzel befriends the horse and convinces him to help them instead. Arriving at the kingdom, Flynn takes Rapunzel around the city, and later at night, takes her to see the lanterns. There, Rapunzel gives Flynn back the tiara. He realizes he has fallen in love with her, and just before he is about to kiss Rapunzel, he spots his old accomplices and leaves Rapunzel to give them the tiara, realizing that he cares more for Rapunzel. The Stabbington brothers knock him out, tie him up on a boat, and sail him across the lake. They tell Rapunzel that Flynn betrayed her as they attempt to kidnap her for her hair's power. Gothel stages a rescue by knocking the brothers unconscious and takes her back to the tower. Rapunzel realizes she is the Lost Princess and attempts to flee the tower, but is captured by Mother Gothel.
Flynn is arrested and sentenced to death, but is rescued by Maximus and the Gaul thugs from the inn. Flynn races back to the tower and finds Rapunzel chained to the wall and gagged. Gothel fatally stabs him with a knife. Rapunzel agrees to be Gothel's willing prisoner if she is allowed to heal Flynn. However, Flynn uses a shard of glass to cut all of Rapunzel's hair short, causing it to lose its power and a horrified Gothel to rapidly age to death and turn to dust. With his last breath, Flynn declares his love for Rapunzel. He dies, leaving a heartbroken Rapunzel to cry, singing the healing song. A single tear, still possessing its healing ability, drops onto Flynn's face and revives him. Returning to the kingdom, Rapunzel is reunited with the King and Queen. Flynn then ends the film by telling the audience that all the thugs made their dreams come true, he readopted his original name, and that he and Rapunzel eventually married and lived happily ever after.
- Mandy Moore as Rapunzel
- Zachary Levi as Flynn Rider / Eugene Fitzherbert
- Donna Murphy as Mother Gothel
- Brad Garrett as Hook-Hand Thug
- Ron Perlman as the Stabbington Brothers
- Jeffrey Tambor as Big Nose Thug
- Richard Kiel as Vladamir
- M. C. Gainey as Captain of the Guard
- Paul F. Tompkins as Short Thug
- Tom Kenny as Guard
- Tim Brooke-Taylor as Old Man
- Maurice Dean Wint as Paulo
- Frank Welker as Pascal and Maximus
- Delaney Rose Stein as Young Rapunzel
Non-speaking animal characters include Pascal, Rapunzel's pet chameleon, and Maximus, the horse of the head of the palace guard who are voiced by Frank Welker. Other non-speaking roles are Rapunzel's parents (the King and Queen), and Ulf the Mime Thug.
Tangled was in development for six years and cost more than $260 million to produce. It had originally been announced in April 2007 that Annie-nominated animator and story artist Dean Wellins would be co-directing the film alongside Glen Keane. On October 9, 2008, it was reported that Keane and Wellins had stepped down as directors due to other commitments, and were replaced by the team of Byron Howard and Nathan Greno, director and storyboard director, respectively, of Disney's 2008 animated feature Bolt. Keane stayed on as an executive producer and animation supervisor, while Wellins moved on to developing other short and feature films.
Title change controversy
When first put into production, the film was promoted as having the title Rapunzel Unbraided, which was later changed to Rapunzel. Disney's previous animated feature The Princess and the Frog in 2009, while being well received by various critics and taking in nearly $270 million worldwide, was not as successful as Disney had hoped. Disney expressed the belief that the film's emphasis on princesses may have discouraged young boys from seeing the film. In order to market the film to both sexes, Disney changed the film's name from Rapunzel to Tangled while also emphasizing Flynn Rider, the film's prominent male character, showing that his story is just as important as Rapunzel's. Disney was criticized for altering the classic title as a marketing strategy. Floyd Norman, a former Disney and Pixar animator and story artist, said, "The idea of changing the title of a classic like Rapunzel to Tangled is beyond stupid. I'm convinced they'll gain nothing from this except the public seeing Disney as desperately trying to find an audience."
Justin Chang of Variety compared it to changing the title of The Little Mermaid to Beached. Writing for the San Francisco Chronicle's blog, Margot Magowan accused Disney of sexism, writing "Can you imagine if Disney...switched a movie title so it wouldn’t risk highlighting a male star? It’s awful that this kind of radical gender discrimination exists for our smallest people– little kids who come into this world with huge imaginations and aspirations, big dreams that get squashed by a bunch of billionaire guys who run massive entertainment franchises."
On November 24, 2010, the day of the film's release, directors Nathan Greno and Byron Howard disputed reports that the title change was a marketing decision. They said they changed the title from Rapunzel to Tangled, because Rapunzel is not the only main character in the film. They went on to say that you can't call Toy Story "Buzz Lightyear," and they really needed a title that represented what the film is, and that it's a duo, and it stars Rapunzel and Flynn Rider.
The film was made using computer-generated imagery (CGI), although Tangled was modeled on the traditional look of oil paintings on canvas. The Rococo paintings of French artist Jean-Honoré Fragonard, particularly The Swing, were used as references for the film's artistic style, a style described by Keane as "romantic and lush." To create the impression of a painting, non-photorealistic rendering has been used.
Glen Keane wanted the film to look and feel like a traditional hand-drawn Disney film in 3D, and held a seminar called "The Best of Both Worlds", where he, with 50 Disney CGI artists and traditional artists, focused on the pros and cons of each style. Due to limitations in computer technology, many basic principles of animation used in traditionally animated movies had been absent from earlier CGI films; but technological advancements have made it easier to blend the two, combining the strengths of each style. Keane stated repeatedly he was trying to make the computer "bend its knee to the artist" instead of having the computer dictate the artistic style and look of the film. By making the computer become as "pliable as the pencil", Keane's vision of a "three dimensional drawing" seemed within reach, with the artist controlling the technology. Many of the techniques and tools that were required to give the film the quality Keane demanded did not exist when the project was started, and Walt Disney Animation Studios had to create them on their own. Keane said, "There’s no photoreal hair. I want luscious hair, and we are inventing new ways of doing that. I want to bring the warmth and intuitive feel of hand-drawn to CGI."
One of the main goals of the animators was to create movement that mimicked the soft fluidity of the hand-drawn art found in older Disney animated films. Keane credited Disney 3D animator Kyle Strawitz with helping to combine CGI with the traditional hand-drawn style. "He took the house from Snow White and built it and painted it so it looked like a flat painting that suddenly started to move, and it had dimension and kept all of the soft, round curves of the brushstrokes of watercolor. Kyle helped us get that Fragonard look of that girl on the swing... We are using subsurface scattering and global illumination and all of the latest techniques to pull off convincing human characters and rich environments."
Existing technology continued to present difficulties: in particular, animating hair turned out to be a challenge. Senior software engineer Kelly Ward spent six years writing programs to make it move the way they wanted. As late as January 2010, the directors were still not sure if the Rapunzel character's length of hair was going to work. These problems were finally solved in March: An improved version of a hair simulation program named Dynamic Wires, originally developed for Bolt, was eventually used. To make hair float believably in water, and to surmount other similar challenges, discrete differential geometry was used to produce the desired effects, freeing the animators from executing these specific tasks directly, which would have taken days instead of minutes.
Rather than focusing on realism, the 3D team used an aesthetic approach. Robert Newman, the film’s stereoscopic supervisor said that "We’re using depth more artistically than ever before, and we’re not as concerned with the literal transcription of depth between camera and projector as we are the interpretation of it." To do this, they used a new technique called multi-rigging, which is made up by multiple pairs of virtual cameras. Each pair is used individually on each separate element that adds depth to a scene, like background, foreground and characters, without adjusting for the relation with the other pairs. When sandwiched together later in production, the result was something that would be visually impossible in the real world, but which created an appealing look to the film.
Creating Flynn Rider was not an easy task. The animators held a large meeting where they gathered together many women involved in the making of the film and asked them what they thought Flynn should look like. While each of them had their own idea of what would and would not work, they all wanted to avoid the extremes of making him look too "macho" or like too much of a "pretty boy." After much deliberation, his look was eventually narrowed down to one concept drawing.
Music and soundtrack
|Tangled: Original Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by Various Artists|
|Released||November 16, 2010|
|Genre||Folk rock, medieval, soundtrack|
|Producer||Chris Montan, Alan Menken, Scott Cutler, Anne Preven, Frank Wolf, Grace Potter, Mike Daly, Kevin Kliesch|
|Walt Disney Animation Studios chronology|
Menken said he attempted to blend medieval music with 1960s folk rock to create the new songs.
Several songs were written, but eventually cut from the final film; "When Will My Life Begin?" replaced an earlier version called "What More Could I Ever Need?". Menken reported that that opening number went through five or six different versions.
Elsewhere, Menken reported that there was originally a love song called "You Are My Forever" that Mother Gothel sang to Rapunzel in a motherly way, but was reprised later in the film by Flynn Rider in a romantic way. This idea was apparently replaced with the two songs "Mother Knows Best" and "I See the Light".
The song "Something That I Want" performed by Grace Potter from Grace Potter and the Nocturnals is featured in the closing credits. This version features some of the lyrics that were re-written and sung by Potter herself. The Latin American Spanish version of the song, titled "Algo quiero querer", was recorded by Colombian pop-singer, Fanny Lú.
|1.||"When Will My Life Begin?"||Mandy Moore||2:32|
|2.||"When Will My Life Begin? (Reprise 1)"||Moore||1:03|
|3.||"Mother Knows Best"||Donna Murphy||3:10|
|4.||"When Will My Life Begin? (Reprise 2)"||Moore||2:06|
|5.||"I've Got a Dream"||Brad Garrett, Jeffrey Tambor, Moore, Zachary Levi, Company||3:11|
|6.||"Mother Knows Best (Reprise)"||Murphy||1:38|
|7.||"I See the Light"||Moore, Levi||3:44|
|9.||"Flynn Wanted" (Score)||Alan Menken||2:51|
|10.||"Prologue" (Score & Song)||Menken, Murphy, Delaney Stein||2:02|
|11.||"Horse with No Rider" (Score)||Menken||1:57|
|12.||"Escape Route" (Score)||Menken||1:57|
|14.||"Kingdom Dance" (Score)||Menken||2:20|
|15.||"Waiting For the Lights" (Score)||Menken||2:47|
|16.||"Return to Mother" (Score)||Menken||2:06|
|17.||"Realization and Escape" (Score)||Menken||5:50|
|18.||"The Tear Heals" (Score & Song)||Menken, Moore||7:37|
|19.||"Kingdom Celebration" (Score)||Menken||1:50|
|20.||"Something That I Want"||Grace Potter||2:43|
|21.||"I See The Light"||Shannon Saunders||3:38|
|US Billboard 200||44|
|US Billboard Soundtracks||7|
|US Billboard Kids Albums||3|
Like other Disney animated features, Tangled is supported in retail stores by a line of toys and other merchandise. Many of the Rapunzel dolls emphasize her hair, while some also include sound clips from the film. Toys based on other characters, including Flynn Rider, Mother Gothel, Pascal and Maximus, have also been released. Rapunzel became an official Disney Princess on October 2, 2011.
Tangled was released by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment as a four-disc combo pack on March 29, 2011. The combo pack includes a Blu-ray 3D, standard Blu-ray, DVD, and digital copy. A two-disc Blu-ray/DVD combo pack and single DVD are also available. Bonus features for the Blu-ray include deleted scenes, two alternate opening sequences, two extended songs, and an inside look at how the film was made. The DVD includes only the two Original Storybook Openings and the 50th Animated Feature Countdown.
Sales of Tangled in the US and Canada exceeded $95 million in DVD and Blu-ray sales, the highest grossing DVD of the year to date; its home video sales exceeded the film's earnings in its first week in theaters. The film sold a record 2,970,052 units (the equivalent of $44,521,079) in its first week in North America, the largest opening for a 2011 DVD. It dominated for two weeks on the DVD sales chart and sold 6,657,331 units ($102,154,692) as of July 18, 2012. It has also sold 2,518,522 Blu-ray units ($59,220,275) by May 29, 2011.
Tangled received critical acclaim. Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 89% based on 186 reviews, with an average score of 7.5/10. The site's consensus is: "While far from Disney's greatest film, Tangled is a visually stunning, thoroughly entertaining addition to the studio's classic animated canon." Another review aggregator Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score from 0–100 out of reviews from mainstream film critics, calculated a score of 71 based on 34 reviews. According to CinemaScore polls conducted during the opening weekend, the average grade cinemagoers gave Tangled was an "A+" on an A+ to F scale.
A. O. Scott of The New York Times positively reviewed the film as "the 50th animated feature from Disney, and its look and spirit convey a modified, updated but nonetheless sincere and unmistakable quality of old-fashioned Disneyness." Time film critic Richard Corliss noted that Tangled "wades into the DreamWorks style of sitcom gags and anachronistic sass," while praising the film for achieving "the complex mix of romance, comedy, adventure and heart that defines the best Disney features." Corliss included Tangled at 19 in a list of top 25 All-time Best Animated films. Kenneth Turan from The Los Angeles Times awarded the film four stars out of five; he described the film as a "gorgeous computer-animated look that features rich landscapes and characters that look fuller and more lifelike than they have in the past."
James Berardinelli commented on his review website ReelViews that the film is "entertaining and enjoyable, but not groundbreaking". Berardinelli also stated Rapunzel is "not as memorable as Snow White, Ariel, or Belle" as well as stating "the songs are neither catchy nor memorable." Todd McCarthy, film reviewer for The Hollywood Reporter opened his review with, "It would have been nice if Disney's self-touted 50th animated feature were one of its best, a film that could stand with the studio's classics, but the world will have to make do with Tangled, a passably entertaining hodgepodge of old and new animation techniques, mixed sensibilities and hedged commercial calculations." Sandie Angulo Chen of Common Sense Media gave the film five out of five stars, writing, "Fantastic princess adventure is fun, with great messages."
Tangled earned $200,821,936 in North America, and $390,973,000 in other countries, for a worldwide total of $591,794,936. Worldwide, it is the 87th highest-grossing film, the 20th highest-grossing animated film, the eighth highest-grossing film of 2010, and the third highest-grossing 2010 animated film (behind Toy Story 3 and Shrek Forever After). It is also the third Disney film appearing in the Top 10 films of 2010. It is the third highest-grossing film worldwide produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, behind Frozen and The Lion King.
It premiered in Paris on November 17, exclusively screening at the Grand Rex theatre two weeks in advance of its French wide release. With over 3,800 tickets sold on its opening day, it set a new record for films showing in a single theater. It had a worldwide opening weekend of $86.1 million. It reached the summit of the worldwide box office once, on its eleventh weekend (Feb 4–6, 2011), with $24.9 million.
Tangled earned $11.9 million on its opening Wednesday, breaking the record for the largest pre-Thanksgiving Wednesday opening, a record previously held by Disney·Pixar's Toy Story 2. In its first weekend of release, it earned $48.8 million (the highest opening for Walt Disney Animation Studios, surpassing The Lion King ($40.9 million), and later surpassed by both Wreck-It Ralph ($49 million) and Frozen ($67.4 million)), placing second for the period behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1, which earned $49.1 million. Tangled had the sixth highest opening weekend for a film that did not debut at #1. Over the traditional Wednesday-Sunday Thanksgiving holiday period, it tallied $68.7 million, again finishing in second place. Tangled also marked the second largest 3-day and 5-day Thanksgiving opening after Toy Story 2. During its second weekend (post-Thanksgiving), Tangled declined 56% to $21.6 million, although it jumped to first place at the box office. With a final gross of $200.8 million, it is the tenth highest-grossing film of 2010, and the tenth 2010 film to pass the $200 million mark; it was the fourth slowest film to pass this mark. Unadjusted for inflation, it is the fifth highest-grossing film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, behind The Lion King ($422.8 million), Frozen ($393.9 million), Beauty and the Beast ($219 million), and Aladdin ($217.4 million).
Outside North America
On its opening weekend, it earned $17.4 million in 8 territories and ranked second for the weekend behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 ($117.3 million). It reached first place at the weekend box office outside North America three times in 2011. It marked the seventh highest-grossing 2010 film and the third highest-grossing 2010 animated film. In Russia and the CIS, it set an opening-weekend record among non-sequel animated films (first surpassed by Rio) and among Walt Disney Animation Studios films (surpassed by Frozen). Its highest-grossing markets outside North America was Germany ($44.2 million), where it is the highest-grossing 2010 animated film, followed by France and the Maghreb region ($39.4 million) and the UK, Ireland and Malta ($32.9 million).
The film has been nominated for ten awards. Hollywood Foreign Press Association nominated Tangled for two Golden Globe Awards, for Best Animated Feature Film and Best Original Song for "I See the Light", but lost to Toy Story 3 and Burlesque respectively. The film also received two nominations for the Broadcast Film Critics Association in the same categories, but lost to Toy Story 3 and 127 Hours, as well as nominations for two Annie Awards, for Best Animated Feature Film and for Writing in a Feature Production.
Tangled was also nominated for two Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards, Best Animated Film and Best Original Song for "I've Got a Dream", which it lost to Toy Story 3 and Burlesque. "I See the Light" has been nominated for Best Original Song at the 83rd Academy Awards, but lost to "We Belong Together" from Toy Story 3. It has also been nominated for 37th Saturn Award for Best Animated Film.
Tangled won best 3D scene of the year at the second annual International 3D Society Creative Arts Awards.
Tangled was also nominated for favorite film in the British Academy Children Awards for Favorite Film, competing against films like Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Parts 1 & 2, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Cars 2, and Kung Fu Panda 2.
|83rd Academy Awards||Best Original Song ("I See the Light")||Nominated|
|38th Annie Awards||Best Animated Feature Film|
|Writing in a Feature Production (Dan Fogelman)|
|Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2010||Best Animated Feature Film|
|Best Song ("I See the Light")|
|68th Golden Globe Awards||Best Animated Feature Film|
|Best Song ("I See the Light")|
|National Movie Awards 2011||Animation||Won|
|Las Vegas Film Critics Society||Best Song ("I See the Light")|
|Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards||Best Animated Film||Nominated|
|Best Original Song ("I've Got a Dream")|
|37th Saturn Awards||Best Animated Film|
|2011 Teen Choice Awards||Choice Animated Movie Voice (Zachary Levi)|
|British Academy Children's Awards (BAFTA)||Favourite Film|
|54th Grammy Awards||Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media|
|Best Song Written For Visual Media ("I See the Light")||Won|
Tangled Ever After
Tangled Ever After is a short sequel that was released in 2012. The plot revolves around the wedding of Rapunzel and Flynn Rider.
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