Theatrical release poster
|Screenplay by||Dan Fogelman|
by Brothers Grimm
|Music by||Alan Menken|
|Edited by||Tim Mertens|
|Distributed by||Walt Disney Studios
|Box office||$591.8 million|
Tangled is a 2010 American 3D computer-animated musical fantasy-comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. Loosely based on the German fairy tale "Rapunzel" in the collection of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm, it is the 50th Disney animated feature film. Featuring the voices of Mandy Moore and Zachary Levi, the film tells the story of a lost, young princess with long magical hair who yearns to leave her secluded tower. Against her mother's wishes, she accepts the aid of a handsome intruder to take her out into the world which she has never seen.
Before the film's release, its title was changed from Rapunzel to Tangled, reportedly to market the film as gender-neutral. Tangled spent six years in production at a cost that has been estimated at $260 million, which if accurate, would make it the most expensive animated film ever made and the fifth most-expensive film of all time. The film employed a unique artistic style by blending together features of computer-generated imagery (CGI) and traditional animation while using non-photorealistic rendering to create the impression of a painting. Composer Alan Menken, who had worked on prior Disney animated features, returned to score Tangled.
Tangled premiered at the El Capitan Theatre on November 14, 2010, and went into general release on November 24. The film was well received by critics and audiences alike. The film earned $591 million in worldwide box office revenue, $200 million of which was earned in the United States and Canada. The film was nominated for a number of awards, including Best Original Song at the 83rd Academy Awards. The film was released on Blu-ray and DVD on March 29, 2011; a short film, Tangled Ever After, was released later in 2012. A television series will premiere in 2017.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Voice cast
- 3 Development
- 4 Production
- 5 Music and soundtrack
- 6 Release
- 7 Reception
- 8 Franchise
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Long ago, a drop of sunlight became a golden flower capable of healing illness, decay, and injury. For hundreds of years, the flower is used by Mother Gothel to retain her youth until it is taken by soldiers of a nearby kingdom, Corona, to heal their ailing queen. Shortly afterwards, the Queen gives birth to Princess Rapunzel. While attempting to recover the flower, Gothel discovers that Rapunzel's hair has the flower's healing properties. Realizing that cutting a piece from Rapunzel's hair destroys its power, Gothel takes the baby and raises her as her own daughter in an isolated tower. Once a year, the King and Queen release sky lanterns on Rapunzel's birthday, hoping for their daughter's return.
On the eve of her 18th birthday, Rapunzel asks Gothel if she may leave the tower and discover the source of the lanterns, but Gothel refuses, explaining that the outside world is a dangerous place. Meanwhile, a thief known as Flynn Rider steals Rapunzel's crown from the kingdom and inadvertently discovers the tower after ditching his allies, the Stabbington brothers. Rapunzel captures Flynn and discovers the crown, but is unaware of its significance. Rapunzel plans to show Flynn to Gothel to prove she can take care of herself, but Gothel becomes angry. Rapunzel then asks for a special paint that will take Gothel three days' round trip to obtain and return, and Gothel accepts. Rapunzel convinces a reluctant Flynn to escort her to see the lanterns in exchange for the crown.
Flynn takes Rapunzel to the Snuggly Duckling, a pub filled with the frightening people Gothel warned Rapunzel about, but who instead are charmed by Rapunzel's innocence. Royal soldiers (led by Maximus, one of the royal army's lead horses) arrive in search of Flynn. Rapunzel and Flynn eventually escape but are then trapped in a flooding cave. Resigned to his fate, Flynn reveals his real name is Eugene Fitzherbert. Rapunzel starts to reveal that her hair glows when she sings – but then realizes that this is their key to escape, as her hair provides enough light to find a way out of the cave. Eugene and Rapunzel take refuge in a forest where Gothel, now in league with the Stabbingtons, gives the crown to Rapunzel and suggests using it to challenge Eugene's interest in her.
Maximus finds the pair and tries to capture Eugene, but Rapunzel arranges a truce in honor of her 18th birthday. The group reaches the kingdom and enjoys the festivities, culminating in an evening cruise as the lanterns are released. There, Rapunzel gives Eugene the crown. When he sees the Stabbingtons on the shore, Eugene leaves Rapunzel and intends to let them have the crown. Instead, the brothers tie Eugene onto a boat and confront Rapunzel, saying that Eugene is escaping with the crown. Gothel sets a rescue by betraying the brothers and returns Rapunzel to the tower as Eugene and the Stabbingtons are captured.
At the tower, Rapunzel recognizes the symbol of the kingdom, which she had subconsciously incorporated into her paintings over the years. Realizing that she is the long-lost princess, she confronts Gothel. As Eugene is sentenced to death, the Snuggly Duckling regulars help him escape prison and then he is carried back to Gothel's tower by Maximus. Eugene enters the tower by climbing Rapunzel's hair, only to find Rapunzel bound with chains and gagged with a handkerchief. Gothel attacks Eugene and attempts to escape with Rapunzel, but Rapunzel agrees to lifelong captivity if she is allowed to heal Eugene. Eugene slices off her hair, destroying its magic and a rapidly-aging Gothel falls to her death. As Eugene dies, a heartbroken Rapunzel's tear, which still contains a bit of the sun's power, lands on his cheek and restores his life. The two return to the kingdom, where Rapunzel is reunited with her parents. The kingdom breaks out in celebration, and Eugene is pardoned for his crimes. Rapunzel and Eugene eventually marry.
- Mandy Moore as Rapunzel
- Delaney Rose Stein as young Rapunzel
- Zachary Levi as Eugene "Flynn Rider" Fitzherbert
- Donna Murphy as Mother Gothel
- Brad Garrett as Hook-Hand Thug
- Ron Perlman as the Stabbington brother with sideburns
- Jeffrey Tambor as Big Nose Thug
- Richard Kiel as Vladamir
- M. C. Gainey as Captain of the Guard
- Paul F. Tompkins as Short Thug
Non-speaking animal characters include Rapunzel's pet chameleon Pascal, and Maximus, the horse of the head of the palace guard. Other non-speaking roles include Rapunzel's parents (the King and Queen of Corona), the other Stabbington brother, and Ulf the Mime Thug.
Origins and conception
Glen Keane, the film's original director, first began working on the story for what became Tangled about 14 years prior to its release, then directed the film's development from 2002 to 2008. In October 2003, the film was announced as Rapunzel Unbraided, as a computer animated feature scheduled for a 2007 release which Keane described as "a Shrek-like version of the film" that revolved around an entirely different concept. Keane said of the original plot, "It was a fun, wonderful, witty version and we had a couple of great writers. But in my heart of hearts I believed there was something much more sincere and genuine to get out of the story, so we set it aside and went back to the roots of the original fairy tale." In November 2005, Unbraided was pushed back to a summer 2009 release in order to give Keane "more time to work on the story." According to Ed Catmull, at one point Michael Eisner himself had proposed using modern-day San Francisco as the initial setting at the start of the film and then somehow transporting the heroine into a fairy tale world, but Keane could not make that idea work. The film was shut down about a week before Catmull and John Lasseter were placed in charge of the studio in January 2006, and one of their first decisions was to restart the project and ask Keane to keep going with the film. It had originally been announced in April 2007 that Annie-nominated animator and story artist Dean Wellins would be co-directing the film alongside Glen Keane. On October 9, 2008, it was reported that Keane and Wellins had stepped down as directors due to other commitments, and were replaced by the team of Byron Howard and Nathan Greno, director and storyboard director, respectively, of Disney's 2008 animated feature Bolt. Keane stayed on as an executive producer and animation supervisor, while Wellins moved on to developing other short and feature films. After the film's release, Keane revealed that he had "stepped back" from the role of director because of a heart attack in 2008.
Writing and character development
When asked about the character of Rapunzel, Mandy Moore said that Rapunzel was a relatable character and called her a "Renaissance, bohemian" woman rather than a typical Disney princess: "She doesn't know she's a princess [until the end of the film]. She's just really sort of motivated to find out what else is out there beyond this crazy tower she's lived in for 18 years," and that "she's very independent, she can take care of herself, and she's definitely come up with really entertaining ways to keep herself busy.". Moore also stated that she herself had little influences on Rapunzel: "The character was developed way before I had anything to do with it."
According to Greno, one of the most difficult problems during the development of the film's plot was how to get Rapunzel out of the tower without immediately ending the movie, in that she had thereby escaped Mother Gothel and did not have any other specific objectives to pursue. At a meeting one day, animator John Ripa floated an idea which turned out to be the solution they had been looking for: the mysterious floating lanterns.
On September 10, 2009, it was announced that actress and singer-songwriter Mandy Moore had been cast as the voice of Rapunzel, and actor Zachary Levi would provide the voice of Flynn Rider. Mandy Moore approached the project through auditioning, when she heard that a film about the story of Rapunzel was being made. Moore later expressed that she had dreamed to be a Disney princess since she was young and said that with the role of Rapunzel, she had fulfilled her "ultimate childhood dream". She described herself as a "girly fan" of Disney classics like The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin and The Lion King, and that it was an honor for her to be part of this "legacy" – the lineage of such Disney icons. Since the film was going to be a musical, it was required that all auditionees had to read several scenes and perform a song of their choice, to ensure that the voice actors could both act and sing. For this singing section, Moore chose "Help Me" by Joni Mitchell, a song that she herself had covered on her fourth studio album, Coverage (2003). Moore revealed that she had to attend several audition sessions and described the experiences as "pretty fun" but didn't put much hope in getting the part because she believed there would be much competition for this role; she just performed her best without any anxiety. When she received a callback from Disney telling that she got the part, Moore described herself as being "over the moon": "I was working in New York at the time. I was with some friends and my husband – and I screamed as soon as I found out the news."
The film reportedly cost more than $260 million to produce.
In Tangled, as with most animated films, all voice actors had to record their dialogue separately from one another to avoid bleeding into each other's tracks. Mandy Moore later recalled that during recording, she had never met Donna Murphy and only met Zachary Levi once when they recorded "I See the Light". Moore thought that this was "a good exercise in employing your imagination". When recording action scenes, the voice actors had to jog a little in place in order to make their voices sound realistic. For the songs, Moore and Levi recorded on a soundstage with a 65-piece orchestra under the supervision of composer Alan Menken. They sang live with the orchestra for several times in order to help everyone "get a vibe" and a feel for the music and the singing, then were asked to go in isolation booths to record the actual tracks. In order to aid animators in animating the characters, the filmmakers did interviews with the voice actors and filmed their facial expressions throughout the recording sessions. Disney animated films are usually animated to synchronize with recorded dialogue rather than asking the vocal talent to synchronize their delivery to animation after it is rendered. Thus, Moore felt that the recording process was challenging because at that time she had no animation to look at except for a few sketches.
Due to scheduling conflicts with other projects (Moore had to travel to different places like London or New York, and Levi could only record on weekends for five hours once every six weeks), they did not necessarily record dialogue in the same order as in the final film. "[When I came in], maybe that sequence or scene had been recorded by Mandy (Moore) already, maybe it hadn't. We'd end up doing the same scene five times, depending," Levi said. After watching the finished film, Moore was disappointed because she felt that her voice sounded "shrill", while Levi thought that his performance sounded "incredibly nasally".
The film was made using computer-generated imagery (CGI), although Tangled was modeled on the traditional look of oil paintings on canvas. The Rococo paintings of French artist Jean-Honoré Fragonard, particularly The Swing, were used as references for the film's artistic style, a style described by Keane as "romantic and lush." To create the impression of a painting, non-photorealistic rendering was used.
Glen Keane originally wanted the film to be animated using a traditional 2D animation process. However, Disney executives David Stainton and Dick Cook announced that they would only approve the film for production if it were created using the 3D computer graphics. In response to that demand, Glen Keane held a seminar called "The Best of Both Worlds", where he, with 50 Disney CGI artists and traditional artists, focused on the pros and cons of each style. After the meeting, it was decided that the film would be made in 3D CG animation, but in a way as to become an extension of the traditional 2D Disney "aesthetic", a term which referred to the naturalistic animation that conforms to the fundamental principles of animation as documented by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston in the book The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation.
Due to limitations in computer technology, especially regarding attempts to capture the complexity of a human form, many basic principles of animation used in traditionally animated movies had been absent from earlier CGI films; but technological advancements have made it easier to blend the two, combining the strengths of each style. Keane stated repeatedly he was trying to make the computer "bend its knee to the artist" instead of having the computer dictate the artistic style and look of the film. By making the computer become as "pliable as the pencil", Keane's vision of a "three-dimensional drawing" seemed within reach, with the artist controlling the technology. Many of the techniques and tools that were required to give the film the quality Keane demanded did not exist when the project was started, and Walt Disney Animation Studios had to create them on their own. Keane said, "There’s no photoreal hair. I want luscious hair, and we are inventing new ways of doing that. I want to bring the warmth and intuitive feel of hand-drawn to CGI."
One of the main goals of the animators was to create movement that mimicked the soft fluidity of the hand-drawn art found in older Disney animated films. Keane credited Disney 3D animator Kyle Strawitz with helping to combine CGI with the traditional hand-drawn style. "He took the house from Snow White and built it and painted it so it looked like a flat painting that suddenly started to move, and it had dimension and kept all of the soft, round curves of the brushstrokes of watercolor. Kyle helped us get that Fragonard look of that girl on the swing... We are using subsurface scattering and global illumination and all of the latest techniques to pull off convincing human characters and rich environments."
Rather than focusing on realism, the 3D team used an aesthetic approach. Robert Newman, the film’s stereoscopic supervisor said that "We’re using depth more artistically than ever before, and we’re not as concerned with the literal transcription of depth between camera and projector as we are the interpretation of it." To do this, they used a new technique called multi-rigging, which is made up of multiple pairs of virtual cameras. Each pair is used individually on each separate element that adds depth to a scene, like background, foreground, and characters, without adjusting for the relation with the other pairs. When sandwiched together later in production, the result was something that would be visually impossible in the real world, but which created an appealing look to the film.
As a counterpart to the appealing and cute design of Rapunzel, the directors wanted to make Flynn Rider "the most handsome, most attractive male lead Disney has ever had." They held a large "Hot Man Meeting" where they gathered about 30 women from the studio and asked them what they considered attractive in a man. They brought in hundreds of images of their favourite male actors and celebrities, which were torn and pasted back again. After much deliberation, his look was eventually narrowed down to one concept drawing.
Existing technology continued to present difficulties: in particular, animating hair turned out to be a challenge. Senior software engineer Kelly Ward spent six years writing programs to make it move the way they wanted. As late as January 2010, the directors were still not sure if the Rapunzel character's length of hair was going to work. These problems were finally solved in March: An improved version of a hair simulation program named Dynamic Wires, originally developed for Bolt, was eventually used. To make hair float believably in water, and to surmount other similar challenges, discrete differential geometry was used to produce the desired effects, freeing the animators from executing these specific tasks directly, which would have taken days instead of minutes.
Music and soundtrack
|Tangled: Original Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by Various Artists|
|Released||November 16, 2010|
|Genre||Folk rock, medieval, soundtrack|
|Producer||Chris Montan, Alan Menken, Scott Cutler, Anne Preven, Frank Wolf, Grace Potter, Mike Daly, Kevin Kliesch|
|Walt Disney Animation Studios chronology|
Menken said he attempted to blend medieval music with 1960s folk rock to create the new songs.
Several songs were written, but eventually cut from the final film; "When Will My Life Begin?" replaced an earlier version called "What More Could I Ever Need?". Menken reported that that opening number went through five or six different versions.
Elsewhere, Menken reported that there was originally a love song called "You Are My Forever" that Mother Gothel sang to Rapunzel in a motherly way, but was reprised later in the film by Flynn Rider in a romantic way. This idea was apparently replaced with the two songs "Mother Knows Best" and "I See the Light".
The song "Something That I Want" performed by Grace Potter from Grace Potter and the Nocturnals is featured in the closing credits. This version features some of the lyrics that were re-written and sung by Potter herself. The Latin American Spanish version of the song, titled "Algo quiero querer", was recorded by Colombian pop-singer, Fanny Lú.
|1.||"When Will My Life Begin?"||Mandy Moore||2:32|
|2.||"When Will My Life Begin? (Reprise 1)"||Moore||1:03|
|3.||"Mother Knows Best"||Donna Murphy||3:10|
|4.||"When Will My Life Begin? (Reprise 2)"||Moore||2:06|
|5.||"I've Got a Dream"||Brad Garrett, Jeffrey Tambor, Moore, Zachary Levi, Company||3:11|
|6.||"Mother Knows Best (Reprise)"||Murphy||1:38|
|7.||"I See the Light"||Moore, Levi||3:44|
|9.||"Flynn Wanted" (Score)||Alan Menken||2:51|
|10.||"Prologue" (Score & Song)||Menken, Murphy, Delaney Stein||2:02|
|11.||"Horse with No Rider" (Score)||Menken||1:57|
|12.||"Escape Route" (Score)||Menken||1:57|
|14.||"Kingdom Dance" (Score)||Menken||2:20|
|15.||"Waiting For the Lights" (Score)||Menken||2:47|
|16.||"Return to Mother" (Score)||Menken||2:06|
|17.||"Realization and Escape" (Score)||Menken||5:50|
|18.||"The Tear Heals" (Score & Song)||Menken, Moore||7:37|
|19.||"Kingdom Celebration" (Score)||Menken||1:50|
|20.||"Something That I Want"||Grace Potter||2:43|
|UK bonus track|
|21.||"I See The Light"||Shannon Saunders||3:38|
|US Billboard 200||44|
|US Billboard Soundtracks||7|
|US Billboard Kids Albums||3|
Tangled was released by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment as a four-disc combo pack on March 29, 2011. The combo pack includes a Blu-ray 3D, standard Blu-ray, DVD, and digital copy. A two-disc Blu-ray/DVD combo pack and single DVD are also available. Bonus features for the Blu-ray include deleted scenes, two alternate opening sequences, two extended songs, and an inside look at how the film was made. The DVD includes only the two Original Storybook Openings and the 50th Animated Feature Countdown.
Sales of Tangled in the US and Canada exceeded $95 million in DVD and Blu-ray sales, the highest grossing DVD of the year 2011; its home video sales exceeded the film's earnings in its first week in theaters. The film sold a record 2,970,052 units (the equivalent of $44,521,079) in its first week in North America, the largest opening for a 2011 DVD. It dominated for two weeks on the DVD sales chart and sold 6,657,331 units ($102,154,692) as of July 18, 2012. It has also sold 2,518,522 Blu-ray units ($59,220,275) by May 29, 2011. As of January 20, 2016, the film has earned a total of $215 million in home video sales in the United States and Canada ($155 from DVD sales and $60 million from Blu-Ray sales).
Tangled premiered in Paris on November 17, exclusively screening at the Grand Rex theatre two weeks in advance of its French wide release. With over 3,800 tickets sold on its opening day, it set a new record for films showing in a single theater. It had a worldwide opening weekend of $86.1 million, and reached the summit of the worldwide box office once, on its eleventh weekend (Feb 4–6, 2011), with $24.9 million. Tangled earned $200,821,936 in North America, and $390,973,000 in other countries, for a worldwide total of $591,794,936. It was the third Disney film appearing in the Top 10 films of 2010. As of 2016, it was the fifth highest-grossing film worldwide produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, behind Frozen, Zootopia, The Lion King, and Big Hero 6.
Tangled earned $11.9 million on its opening Wednesday, breaking the record for the largest pre-Thanksgiving Wednesday opening, a record previously held by Disney·Pixar's Toy Story 2. In its first weekend of release, it earned $48.8 million (the highest opening for Walt Disney Animation Studios, surpassing The Lion King ($40.9 million), and later surpassed by both Wreck-It Ralph ($49 million) and Frozen ($67.4 million)), placing second for the period behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1, which earned $49.1 million. Tangled had the sixth highest opening weekend for a film that did not debut at #1. Over the traditional Wednesday-Sunday Thanksgiving holiday period, it tallied $68.7 million, again finishing in second place. Tangled also marked the second largest 3-day and 5-day Thanksgiving opening after Toy Story 2. During its second weekend (post-Thanksgiving), Tangled declined 56% to $21.6 million, although it jumped to first place at the box office. With a final gross of $200.8 million, it is the tenth highest-grossing film of 2010, and the tenth 2010 film to pass the $200 million mark; it was the fourth slowest film to pass this mark. Unadjusted for inflation, it is the sixth highest-grossing film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, behind The Lion King ($422.8 million), Frozen ($400.7 million), Big Hero 6 ($221.3 million), Beauty and the Beast ($219 million), and Aladdin ($217.4 million).
On its opening weekend, it earned $17.4 million in eight territories and ranked second for the weekend behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 ($117.3 million). It reached first place at the weekend box office outside North America three times in 2011. It marked the seventh highest-grossing 2010 film and the third highest-grossing 2010 animated film. In Russia and the CIS, it set an opening-weekend record among non-sequel animated films (first surpassed by Rio) and among Walt Disney Animation Studios films (surpassed by Frozen). Its highest-grossing markets outside North America was Germany ($44.2 million), where it is the highest-grossing 2010 animated film, followed by France and the Maghreb region ($39.4 million) and the UK, Ireland and Malta ($32.9 million).
Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 89% based on 216 reviews and an average score of 7.5/10. The site's consensus is: "While far from Disney's greatest film, Tangled is a visually stunning, thoroughly entertaining addition to the studio's classic animated canon." Another review aggregator Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score from 0–100 out of reviews from mainstream film critics, calculated a score of 71 based on 34 reviews. According to CinemaScore polls conducted during the opening weekend, the average grade cinemagoers gave Tangled was an "A+" on an A+ to F scale.
A. O. Scott of The New York Times positively reviewed the film as "the 50th animated feature from Disney, and its look and spirit convey a modified, updated but nonetheless sincere and unmistakable quality of old-fashioned Disneyness." Time film critic Richard Corliss wrote that Tangled "wades into the DreamWorks style of sitcom gags and anachronistic sass," while praising the film for achieving "the complex mix of romance, comedy, adventure and heart that defines the best Disney features." Corliss included Tangled at 19 in a list of top 25 All-time Best Animated films. Kenneth Turan from The Los Angeles Times awarded the film four stars out of five; he described the film as a "gorgeous computer-animated look that features rich landscapes and characters that look fuller and more lifelike than they have in the past." Sandie Angulo Chen of Common Sense Media gave the film five out of five stars, writing, "Fantastic princess adventure is fun, with great messages." Gael Cooper of NBC News expressed that Tangled may be the best Disney film of all time.
James Berardinelli commented on his review website ReelViews that the film is "entertaining and enjoyable, but not groundbreaking." He also stated Rapunzel is "not as memorable as Snow White, Ariel, or Belle" as well as stating "the songs are neither catchy nor memorable." Todd McCarthy, film reviewer for The Hollywood Reporter opened his review with, "It would have been nice if Disney's self-touted 50th animated feature were one of its best, a film that could stand with the studio's classics, but the world will have to make do with Tangled, a passably entertaining hodgepodge of old and new animation techniques, mixed sensibilities and hedged commercial calculations."
Music in the film received mixed reviews. Bill Graham from Collider.com praised them for their variations to the tempo and tone, memorable lyrics, and "blending old with new," However, he also stated that "the film’s constant mixture of tones can feel a bit off-putting for some." Roth Cornet from ScreenRant was positive towards them, saying that "Alan Menken’s music is as catchy, uplifting and effecting as one would expect." Scott of The New York Times positively reviewed the music, saying that it "takes you back to a charmed world of swoony longing and sprightly mischief," with a slick and efficient atmosphere and grace notes of self-conscious classicism. Corliss from Time was also positive to the songs, noting that though "don't sound on first hearing like top-drawer Menken," the songs still "smoothly fill their functions." He described the opener, "When Will My Life Begin?," as the "heroine's 'I wanna' song," a Disney tradition that stretches back to Snow White's "Some Day My Prince Will Come." "I See the Light" was described as "a generically tuneful love ballad, which is sure to be nominated for a Best Song Oscar."
James Berardinelli, on the other hand, negatively commented the songs as "neither catchy nor memorable." Tim Robey from The Daily Telegraph gave a negative review, saying that they were only "OK – there’s nothing you want to whistle on the way home." Peter Bradshaw from The Guardian, who gave the movie two out of five star, described the songs as "sporting a laboured selection of Broadway-style show tunes," and hence are actually added for profit.
Title change controversy
When first put into production, the film was promoted as having the title Rapunzel Unbraided, which was later changed to Rapunzel. Disney's previous animated feature The Princess and the Frog in 2009, while being well-received by various critics and taking in nearly $270 million worldwide was not as successful as Disney had hoped. Catmull would later admit in writing that Disney Animation's faith that The Princess and the Frog's excellent quality would bring in all audiences notwithstanding the word "princess" in the title was their version of "a stupid pill." In order to market the film to both sexes and additional age groups, Disney changed the film's name from Rapunzel to Tangled while also emphasizing Flynn Rider, the film's prominent male character, showing that his story is just as important as Rapunzel's. Disney was criticized for altering the classic title as a marketing strategy. Floyd Norman, a former Disney and Pixar animator and story artist, said, "The idea of changing the title of a classic like Rapunzel to Tangled is beyond stupid. I'm convinced they'll gain nothing from this except the public seeing Disney as desperately trying to find an audience."
Justin Chang of Variety compared it to changing the title of The Little Mermaid to Beached. Writing for the San Francisco Chronicle's blog, Margot Magowan accused Disney of sexism, writing, "Can you imagine if Disney...switched a movie title so it wouldn't risk highlighting a male star? It's awful that this kind of radical gender discrimination exists for our smallest people – little kids who come into this world with huge imaginations and aspirations, big dreams that get squashed by a bunch of billionaire guys who run massive entertainment franchises."
On November 24, 2010, the day of the film's release, directors Nathan Greno and Byron Howard disputed reports that the title change was a marketing decision. They said they changed the title from Rapunzel to Tangled because Rapunzel is not the only main character in the film. They went on to say that you cannot call Toy Story "Buzz Lightyear," and they really needed a title that represented what the film is, and that it's a duo, and it stars Rapunzel and Flynn Rider.
In March 2014, executive producer John Lasseter explained that Disney had changed the name to improve the film's appeal to the four quadrants: "There was an audience perception that these movies were just for little girls[,] but when boys, men, whatever actually see these movies[,] they like them. So on Rapunzel ... we changed the name and we called it Tangled. We did marketing that made the people who would not normally show up say, 'Hey, this looks pretty good.'"
The film has been nominated for a number of awards. Hollywood Foreign Press Association nominated Tangled for two Golden Globe Awards, for Best Animated Feature Film and Best Original Song for "I See the Light", but lost to Toy Story 3 and Burlesque respectively. The film also received two nominations for the Broadcast Film Critics Association in the same categories, though lost to Toy Story 3 and 127 Hours, as well as nominations for two Annie Awards, for Best Animated Feature Film and for Writing in a Feature Production.
Tangled was also nominated for two Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards, Best Animated Film and Best Original Song for "I've Got a Dream," which it lost to Toy Story 3 and Burlesque. "I See the Light" has been nominated for Best Original Song at the 83rd Academy Awards, but lost to "We Belong Together" from Toy Story 3. It has also been nominated for 37th Saturn Award for Best Animated Film.
Tangled won best 3D scene of the year at the second annual International 3D Society Creative Arts Awards.
Tangled was also nominated for favorite film in the British Academy Children Awards for Favorite Film, competing against films like Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Parts 1 & 2, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Cars 2, and Kung Fu Panda 2.
|83rd Academy Awards||Best Original Song ("I See the Light")||Nominated|
|38th Annie Awards||Best Animated Feature Film|
|Writing in a Feature Production (Dan Fogelman)|
|Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2010||Best Animated Feature Film|
|Best Song ("I See the Light")|
|68th Golden Globe Awards||Best Animated Feature Film|
|Best Song ("I See the Light")|
|National Movie Awards 2011||Animation||Won|
|Las Vegas Film Critics Society||Best Song ("I See the Light")|
|Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards||Best Animated Film||Nominated|
|Best Original Song ("I've Got a Dream")|
|37th Saturn Awards||Best Animated Film|
|2011 Teen Choice Awards||Choice Animated Movie Voice (Zachary Levi)|
|British Academy Children's Awards (BAFTA)||Favourite Film|
|54th Grammy Awards||Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media|
|Best Song Written For Visual Media ("I See the Light")||Won|
Disney released a short film in 2012 titled Tangled Ever After. The plot revolves around Rapunzel and Eugene's wedding day.
An abridged stage adaptation entitled Tangled: The Musical premiered on board the Disney Magic of the Disney Cruise Line in November 2015, featuring three new songs wrote by Alan Menken and Glenn Slater.
In December 2014, Tangled's producer, Roy Conli, revealed that the production team had been "heavily pushed" for a feature-length sequel to the film, but when the writers and directors got together to develop one, they realized, "she [sic] cut her hair. It’s over!" Conli explained that at Disney Animation under John Lasseter, it is always the filmmakers who decide whether they are ready to make a sequel (not marketing or merchandising). In January 2015, Conli again provided a similar explanation when pressed on this point, and also mentioned that directors Greno and Howard ultimately "weren't really interested" in following up on the story.
- List of animated feature films
- List of computer-animated films
- List of Disney animated features
- List of Disney animated films based on fairy tales
- "Tangled: 100 minutes (Starz 08/2011 Schedule, Page 4)" (PDF).
- Chmielewski, Dawn C.; Eller, Claudia (November 21, 2010). "Disney Animation is closing the book on fairy tales". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- "Tangled (2010)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- The Walt Disney Studios. "The Walt Disney Studios Rolls Out Slate of 10 New Animated Motion Pictures Through 2012" (Press release). PR Newswire. Archived from the original on June 25, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- Connelly, Brendon (September 10, 2009). "Disney Pixar Add Cast to Rapunzel, Bear & the Bow and Toy Story 3, Reveal Plot of Cars 2 and Winnie the Pooh". SlashFilm. /Film. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- Fletcher, Alex (September 10, 2009). "Mandy Moore to voice 'Rapunzel' musical". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Tangled | Yahoo! Movies". Yahoo! Movies. Yahoo! Inc. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- Franklin, Garth (December 10, 2009). "Donna Murphy Joins "Rapunzel" Cast". Dark Horizons. Dark Futures Pty. Limited. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- Graham, Bill (November 27, 2010). "Animation Director Glen Keane Exclusive Interview TANGLED". Collider.com. Retrieved May 11, 2014.
- Orwall, Bruce (October 23, 2003). "Disney Decides It Must Draw Artists Into the Computer Age". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Nusair, David. "Top 5 Disney Animated Adaptations". About.com. About.com. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (September 17, 2003). "A fairy-tale bending". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Paluso, Marianne (March 29, 2011). "Once Upon a Time". Christian Today. Christianity Today. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- Minow, Nell. "Interview: Glen Keane of 'Tangled'". Beliefnet. Beliefnet, Inc. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
- Marr, Merrisa (November 7, 2005). "Debut of 'Chicken Little' Gives Disney Something to Crow Over". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Catmull, Ed; Amy Wallace (2014). Creativity, Inc.: Overcoming the Unseen Forces That Stand in the Way of True Inspiration. New York: Random House. p. 271. ISBN 978-0812993011.
- "LaughingPlace.com: Rhett Wickham: Rapunzel Gets Second Director – Apr 12, 2007 (The #1 Site for Disney)". LaughingPlace.com. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- "Ain't It Cool News: Glen Keane leaving Disney's RAPUNZEL. Who's stepping up?". AintItCool.com. October 10, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- "Mandy Moore On Tangled: 'I Screamed As Soon As I Found Out' (INTERVIEW)". The Huffington Post UK. HuffPost Entertainment. October 19, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Warner, Kara (August 27, 2010). "Mandy Moore's 'Tangled' Heroine Not 'Typical Disney Princess'". MTV News. Viacom International Inc. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Lark, Max; Draskovic, Marina; Solomon, Charles (Spring 2016). "It's a Matter of Trust: At Walt Disney Animation Studios, The 'Story Trust,' A Peer-to-Peer Feedback System, Has Taken Storytelling—And Disney Animation—To New Creative Heights". Disney twenty-three. Burbank: Walt Disney Company. 8 (1): 18–21. ISSN 2162-5492. OCLC 698366817.
- Kelly, Kevin (September 13, 2009). "Disney/Pixar's John Lasseter Talks 'Rapunzel' Casting, 'Toy Story 3' Plot, 'Cars 2', 'Winnie the Pooh' and More!". Moviefone. AOL Inc. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "Mandy Moore Interview, TANGLED". MoviesOnline. November 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "Disney's Tangled: Mandy Moore Interview". Kidzworld. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Graham, Bill (September 29, 2010). "Mandy Moore Exclusive Interview TANGLED". Collider.com. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Malkin, Marc (November 26, 2010). "Mandy Moore & Hubby: "We Work Well Together"". E! Online. E! Entertainment Television, LLC. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Hunter, Brooke. "Mandy Moore & Zachary Levi Tangled Interview". Girl.com.au. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "Coverage". Allmusic. Rovi Corp. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Mandy Moore Goes Under 'Covers'". Billboard. Billboard. 2003. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Philbrick, Jami (November 19, 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: Mandy Moore Talks 'Tangled'". MovieWeb. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Murray, Rebecca. "Exclusive Interview with Mandy Moore and Zachary Levi from 'Tangled'". About.com. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Wolf, Scott. "Mandy Moore talks about her works as the voice Rapunzel in "Tangled"". Mouse Club House. Retrieved July 9, 2014.[dead link]
- "Tangled star Mandy Moore: I'd like to think I look like Rapunzel". Now Magazine. IPC Media Fashion & Beauty Network. October 18, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Desowitz, Bill (November 4, 2005). "Chicken Little & Beyond: Disney Rediscovers its Legacy Through 3D Animation". Animation World Network. Retrieved July 5, 2006.
- Jason (April 28, 2013). "Tangled Concept Art and Character Art". CGMeetup. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Carter, Chris (July 2013). "An Analysis of the Character Animation in Disney's Tangled". Sense of Cinema. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Holson, Laura M. (September 18, 2005). "Disney Moves Away From Hand-Drawn Animation". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2006.
- Desowitz, Bill (September 18, 2006). "'Little Mermaid' Team Discusses Disney Past and Present". Animation World Network. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "Get 'Tangled' up in hair-raising 3D!". The Manila Bulletin Newspaper Online. January 24, 2011. Archived from the original on January 30, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- "Byron Howard & Nathan Greno Tangled Interview". Girl.com.au. 2011. Archived from the original on May 17, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
- Cornet, Roth (November 18, 2010). "Zach Levi on Being a Disney Hunk in 'Tangled', A Singer, A Superhero & 'Chuck". Screen Rant. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
- Lee, Marc (January 27, 2011). "Tangled directors on the latest Disney animation". The Telegraph. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
- "11 Things You Didn't Know About Tangled". Disney. December 26, 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
- "Roundtable Interview with Glen Keane". DAPs. March 17, 2011. Archived from the original on September 21, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- "'Tangled' directors unravel film's secrets". SiouxCityJournal.com. December 5, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- Patricia Cohen (December 29, 2010). "Perfecting Animation, via Science". NYTimes.com. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
- Tangled (CD). Various Artists. Walt Disney Records. 2010. D000650802.
- "Tangled (Alan Menken)". Filmtracks. November 16, 2010. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- Graham, Bill (September 27, 2010). "Alan Menken Exclusive Interview Tangled". Collider.com. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- Hammond, Pete (September 9, 2010). "Oscar's Animation Race Just Got 'Tangled'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- "Alan Menken Talks 'Tangled', 'Sister Act', 'Leap of Faith', 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame', 'Aladdin' & More". BroadwayWorld.com. November 15, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- "Tangled". Animated Views Forum. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- "Fanny Lu canta para Walt Disney". Elespectador.com. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- "Music Albums, Top 200 Albums & Music Album Charts". Billboard.com. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- "Soundtracks". Billboard.com. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- "Kids Albums". Billboard.com. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- "Tangled (Soundtrack from the Motion Picture) by Alan Menken". iTunes Store. Apple Inc. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- "When Will My Life Begin (Reprise 1)" was cut from the film but not the soundtrack.
- Second verse featured on the soundtrack was not featured in the film.
- "Tangled makes record DVD sales in its opening week". Rediff.com. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- "Tangled (2010) — Financial Information". The-Numbers.com. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- "Weekly Domestic Blu-ray Sales Chart for Week Ending May 29, 2011". The-Numbers.com. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
- Pierre Delorme (July 16, 2010). "Le nouveau Disney en avant-première au Grand Rex". FilmsActu.com (in French). Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- Cyril Perraudat (November 17, 2011). "Démarrage Paris 17/11/10 : Raiponce remplit le Grand Rex". Cinema-France.com (in French). Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- "November 26–28, 2010 Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- "Overseas Total Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- "February 4–6, 2011 Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- "Overseas Total Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- "2010 WORLDWIDE GROSSES". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
- "WORLDWIDE GROSSES". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- "Tangled". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- Rogers, Troy. "Tangled Breaks Box Office Record Behind Harry Potter". TheDeadBolt.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010.[dead link]
- "Biggest 3-day Thanksgiving Weekends at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "Biggest Opening Weekends That Did Not Debut at #1". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "Weekend Index 2010". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
- "2010 Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
- "Weekend Box Office Results for February 7–9, 2014". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "Movies Taking the Longest to Hit $200 Million at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "All Time Domestic Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
- "Overseas Total Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 16, 2011.
- "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Tangled,' 'Tourist' Top Chart". Box Office Mojo. January 12, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Tangled' Edges Past 'Hornet'". Box Office Mojo. February 1, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "Around-the-World Roundup: French Comedy Nips at 'Tangled's Heels". Box Office Mojo. February 9, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "All Time Worldwide Box Office Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Potter' Continues to Dominate". Box Office Mojo. December 1, 2010. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
- "Germany Yearly Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
- "TANGLED". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
- "Tangled Movie Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
- "Tangled Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. CBS. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- Fritz, Ben (November 28, 2010). "Box office: 'Tangled' feasts as 'Burlesque', 'Faster', 'Love & Other Drugs' fight for leftovers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- Scott, A.O. (November 23, 2010). "Back to the Castle, Where It's All About the Hair". The New York Times. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- Corliss, Richard (November 26, 2010). "'Tangled': Disney's Ripping Rapunzel". Time. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- Corliss, Richard (June 21, 2011). "The 25 All-Time Best Animated Films". Time. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Turan, Kenneth (November 24, 2010). "Movie review: 'Tangled'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- Sandie Angulo Chen. "Tangled — Movie Review". Commonsensemedia.org. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Cooper, Gael Fashingbauer (January 13, 2012). "Tangled may be the best Disney Movie of all time". NBC News. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Berardinelli, James (November 22, 2010). "Tangled: A movie review by James Berardinelli". Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- McCarthy, Todd (November 8, 2010). "Todd McCarthy's Film Review: 'Tangled'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- "TANGLED Review". Collider.com. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
(Mother Knows Best) Catchy and dark, there are a number of variations to the tempo and tone throughout the film while the lyrics, nailed by Murphy, will stay with you. One can easily see the parallels that Menken and the directors went for in blending old with new, and there is an interesting result. Mother Gothel’s songs feel as ancient as she is, while Rapunzel’s songs have a truly youthful exuberance and feel.
- "'Tangled' Review". ScreenRant. December 19, 2010. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- Robey, Tim (December 25, 2013). "Tangled, review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
and the serviceable songs, by Alan Menken and Glenn Slater, are only OK – there’s nothing you want to whistle on the way home.
- Bradshaw, Peter (January 27, 2011). "Tangled – review". The Guardian. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
and sporting a laboured selection of Broadway-style showtunes – signalling that someone, somewhere clearly wants to turn this into a lucrative global franchise on stage
- Jim Hill (August 8, 2005). ""Rapunzel Unbraided" aims to be " ... a film of astonishing beauty."". Jim Hill Media. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
- "The Princess and the Frog". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- Catmull, Ed; Amy Wallace (2014). Creativity, Inc.: Overcoming the Unseen Forces That Stand in the Way of True Inspiration. New York: Random House. p. 268. ISBN 978-0812993011.
- Dawn C. Chmielewski; Claudia Eller (March 9, 2010). "Disney restyles 'Rapunzel' to appeal to boys". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- Claudia Eller (March 9, 2010). "Disney wrings the pink out of 'Rapunzel'". Los Angeles Times.
- Justin Chang (November 7, 2010). "'Tangled' Review". Variety. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Margot Magowan (November 22, 2010). "Disney's male execs stop movies starring girls". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- "How did Rapunzel become 'Tangled'? Directors Nathan Greno and Byron Howard set the record straight". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Williams, Christopher (March 31, 2014). "'The world is a better place with Disney animation in it': John Lasseter tells the Telegraph how he saved Disney Animation Studios from the doldrums". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- Reynolds, Simon (December 14, 2010). "In Full: Golden Globes — Movie Nominees". Digital Spy. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- "'Black Swan' leads Critics' Choice nominations". insidemovies.ew.com. Retrieved March 16, 2011.
- "38th Annual Annie Nominations". Annie Awards. Retrieved December 16, 2010.
- "Phoenix Film Critics Name THE KINGS SPEECH Best Film of 2010". Phoenix Film Critics Society. December 29, 2010. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- "Academy Awards nomination list". TheState.com. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
- Saturn Awards (February 24, 2011). ""Inception" dreams up 9 Nominations for the 37th Annual Saturn Awards while AMC's "The Walking Dead" walks away with 6" (DOC). Variety. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- "Dragon, Pixar, Disney top 3D Society Creative Arts Awards". AnimationMagazine.net. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- "British Academy Children's Awards Nominations Announced". British Academy Children's Awards. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- "2011 British Academy Children's Awards Winners Announced". British Academy Children's Awards. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- "NMA Winners – 2011". National Movie Awards. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- King, Susan (December 16, 2010). "Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
- "Teen Choice Awards Nominees – 2011 List". NationalLedger.com. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- Gans, Andrew (February 13, 2012). "Alan Menken and Glenn Slater Win Grammy Award". Playbill. Playbill, Inc. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
- "Disney Tangled: The Video Game Release Information for Wii". GameFAQs.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
- Frontado, Jonathan (April 2, 2015). "'Tangled: The Musical' Coming to Disney Cruise Line". Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Iannucci, Rebecca (June 3, 2015). "Disney Channel Making Tangled Series; Mandy Moore, Zachary Levi to Star". TVLine. TVLine Media, LLC. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Bodey, Michael (December 30, 2014). "Big Hero 6: another animation marvel from Disney". The Australian. News Corp Australia. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- Brew, Simon (January 31, 2015). "Exclusive: why Disney never made Tangled 2". Den of Geek!. DoGtech LLC. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tangled.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Tangled|