Tanguturi Anjaiah

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Tanguturi Anjaiah
7th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
In office
11 October 1980 – 24 February 1982
Preceded by Marri Chenna Reddy
Succeeded by Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Secunderabad
In office
31 December 1984 – 27 November 1986
Preceded by P. Shiv Shankar
Succeeded by T. Manemma
Personal details
Born 1919
Hyderabad State, India
Died 1986 (aged 67 years)
Political party Congress (I)
Spouse(s) T. Manemma
Children 1 Son and 4 Daughters
Residence Bhanoor, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Religion Hinduism

Tanguturi Anjaiah (1919–1986) was the 7th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, India, from October 1980 to February 1982.

Early life[edit]

Tanguturi Anjaiah, known as T. Anjaiah alias Ramakrishna Reddy Talla was born on August 16, 1919. His parents belonged to Bhanoor village in Medak district.

Anjaiah studied at Sultan Bazar high school. He couldn't pursue further education after matriculation due to financial difficulties so he started working at Hyderabad Allwyn for daily wage of 6 anna (equal to 24 pice).

Anjaiah faced many adversities in his early life which made him a fighter for the cause of social justice.

Career[edit]

T. Anjaiah rose from a being worker at Hyderabad Allwyn Limited in Hyderabad to become a trade union leader and later Union Labour Minister.[1]

T. Anjaiah was nominated by ruling party to replace Marri Chenna Reddy as Chief Minister on 11 October 1980. At the time of nomination Anjaiah was union minister of state for Labour. Anjaiah inducted all 15 dissident members of Chenna Reddy cabinet and formed biggest state ministry the country ever known.[2] He reduced it to 45 member on advice of center.

As the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, he was known for his accommodating politics.

The two young uprising politicians at that time, Dr. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy and N. Chandrababu Naidu, gained importance during Anjaiah's term as Chief Minister. A proposal to make NTR a member of the Rajya Sabha did the rounds during this time.[3] Anjaiah was a mentor of P. Janardhan Reddy.

T. Anjaiah faced opponents including some of the ministers in his party after ruling party lost Municipal elections in Vishakhapatnam and Vijayawada. Asked by Mrs Gandhi to step down on February 13, Anjiah tendered his resignation officially seven days later on February 20, 1982. Ironically, Anjiah as a leader without followers, could evoke unimaginable public sympathy. At his last public appearance as chief minister the day before he resigned Anjaiah was cheered by a 30,000-strong crowd. Says the new Deputy Chief Minister C. Jagannath Rao, formerly his home minister: "Whatever one may say against him, his remarkable simplicity endeared him to the people.[4]

Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy replaced T. Anjaiah on February 24, 1982. Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy himself was a dissident minister in Marri Chenna Reddy ministry.

When Indira Gandhi replaced Anjaiah with Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy from the position of Chief Minister, he is believed to have remarked "I came by the grace of Madam and I am going under her orders; I don't know why I came... and why I am going."[citation needed]

T. Anjaiah was elected as Member of Parliament in 1984 from Secundrabad constituency.

Notable work[edit]

T. Anjaiah's earliest act as Chief Minister was to conduct elections to the Panchayati Raj bodies and Municipalities. It was the first time the Sarpaches of the Gram Pachayaths and Presidents of Panchayathi samithi's were elected directly by electorate. It was also in his term that the age of voting was reduced from 21 to 18. Anjaiah received much appreciation for this bold step.[5]

T. Anjaiah offered help to Dr.Prathap C. Reddy to start a hospital in Andhra Pradesh. Anjaiah indeed lived up to his promise by offering 7 acres of land at the heart of the city at Sanjeevaih Park.[6]

T. Anjaiah's Chief Minister relief fund sponsored Hyderabad's first Kidney transplant surgery in 1982.[7]

The idea of making the film on Tanguturi Prakasam came to Vijayachander on the motivation by T. Anjaiah in one of his speeches, that Government would provide financial assistance to such ventures.

It was under the tenure of T. Anjaiah, Buddha Purnima Project Authority was conceptualized in 1991 including the decision to unveil a gigantic statue of the Buddha on the rock, amid the placid waters of the Hussain Sagar lake.

Honors[edit]

Lumbini Park in Hyderabad was renamed as T. Anjaiah Lumbini park on his memory in 2006.[8]

Chief Minister Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy unveiled the statue of former Chief Minister late T. Anjaiah at Lumbini Park, opposite Secretariat in 2006.[9]

Personal life[edit]

Anjaiah was married to T. Manemma. They have one son and four daughters. His family lived in Barkatpura Hyderabad until and after few years of his death.

Anjaiah was in public life till his sudden death in 1986. After his death, his wife T. Manemma served as a Secunderabad MP and as the Member of the Legislative Assembly for Musheerabad.

Anjaiah is proficient in Urdu language; he was a subscriber of Urdu newspaper.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "YSR to unveil Anjaiah's statue on August 16". 14 August 2006. Retrieved 24 September 2016 – via The Hindu. 
  2. ^ "The Hindu : POLL-POURRI". Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Humanists Chief Ministers I Met". Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Andhra Pradesh CM Tanguturi Anjiah unceremoniously fired by Congress high command". Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  5. ^ Reddi, Agarala Easwara (1 January 1994). "State Politics in India: Reflections on Andhra Pradesh". M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 24 September 2016 – via Google Books. 
  6. ^ Gupte, Pranay (15 December 2013). "Healer: Dr Prathap Chandra Reddy and the Transformation of India". Penguin UK. Retrieved 24 September 2016 – via Google Books. 
  7. ^ Ps, Rohit (16 May 2016). "34 years after city's first renal transplant". Retrieved 24 September 2016 – via The Hindu. 
  8. ^ "YSR to unveil Anjaiah's statue on August 16". 14 August 2006. Retrieved 24 September 2016 – via The Hindu. 
  9. ^ "YSR reiterates promise on housing for the poor". 17 August 2006. Retrieved 24 September 2016 – via The Hindu. 

External links[edit]