Tanjung Selor

Coordinates: 2°51′0″N 117°23′0″E / 2.85000°N 117.38333°E / 2.85000; 117.38333
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Tanjung Selor
A view of Tanjung Selor
A view of Tanjung Selor
Tanjung Selor is located in Kalimantan
Tanjung Selor
Tanjung Selor
Location in Kalimantan and Indonesia
Tanjung Selor is located in Indonesia
Tanjung Selor
Tanjung Selor
Tanjung Selor (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 2°51′0″N 117°23′0″E / 2.85000°N 117.38333°E / 2.85000; 117.38333
Country Indonesia
Province North Kalimantan
RegencyBulungan
Founded12 October 1790
Area
 • Total677.77 km2 (261.69 sq mi)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total56.569
 • Density0.083/km2 (0.22/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code(+62) 553

Tanjung Selor is the capital of both the North Kalimantan province in Indonesia, and of the Bulungan Regency. It is among provincial capitals in Indonesia that as of 2021 does not yet have city status, together with Mamuju in West Sulawesi, Sofifi in North Maluku, Wanggar in Central Papua, Wamena in Highland Papua, Salor in South Papua, and Manokwari in West Papua. The district has an area of 677.77 km2 and had a population of 39,439 at the 2010 Census [2] and 56,569 at the 2020 Census.[3]

History[edit]

Tanjung Selor was a small market town under the Sultanate of Bulungan, which later became the subject of the Dutch East Indies. After the Indonesian National Revolution, it became part of the Swapraja (Autonomous Royal Region) of Bulungan following Decree No. 186/ORB/ 92/14/1950 from the then-Kalimantan province governor. This later changed again into the Special Region of Bulungan under Law No. 22 of 1955. In 1959, the sultanate was abolished and became a second-level administrative region, now called a regency.[4][5][6]

Tanjung Selor was split from Tanjung Palas District, based on Bulungan Regency Law No. 13 of 2002, together with other seven new districts after the decentralization. Before the creation of the new North Kalimantan province split from East Kalimantan, it was determined to locate the provincial capital on mainland Kalimantan rather than in the then-largest provincial city of Tarakan, which is an island. As such, Tanjung Selor is among few Indonesian provincial capitals to be created from scratch, along with Sofifi and Palangka Raya. However, for financial reasons a moratorium under President Joko Widodo on creating second-level administrations so far has prevented granting Tanjung Selor city status. As of 2022, North Kalimantan remains among few of Indonesian provinces with its capital not having city status.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

The district is mostly a flat, low-lying region with hills whose height varies from 0 to 500 meters above sea level. Borders of The district borders Central Tanjung Palas District in the north, East Tanjung Palas District in the east and the south, and Kayan river in the west. Soil in the district is acidic, with a pH range between 4 and 6. Another river, the Selor, also runs through the district.[9][10]

Climate[edit]

Tanjung Selor has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af) with heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Tanjung Selor (Tanjung Harapan Airport, 1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 31.1
(88.0)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91.0)
32.6
(90.7)
32.6
(90.7)
32.9
(91.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.6
(90.7)
32.2
(90.0)
31.8
(89.2)
32.2
(90.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
24.0
(75.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.9
(75.0)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75.0)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 285.6
(11.24)
283.7
(11.17)
326.6
(12.86)
224.8
(8.85)
251.5
(9.90)
230.2
(9.06)
205.3
(8.08)
227.2
(8.94)
227.5
(8.96)
262.3
(10.33)
256.7
(10.11)
306.9
(12.08)
3,088.3
(121.59)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.3 18.9 20.2 17.4 19.4 17.2 16.3 16.5 16.3 17.7 17.8 20.2 218.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 92.8 101.0 115.8 138.1 141.2 123.6 134.3 141.8 112.4 113.4 96.4 93.0 1,403.8
Source: World Meteorological Organization[11]

Economy[edit]

Agricultural land use includes chilis, tomatoes, ginger, galangal, and turmeric. Chili production was 337 tons in 2019, with 295 tons of tomatoes, 57 tons of ginger, 52 tons of galangal, and four tons of turmeric. The district also includes plantation sectors which produce mangoes, citrus, durian, and bananas. There are 68 registered restaurants in the district as of 2019 and 12 convenience stores. There also are 11 hotels as of 2019. Twelve banks operate in the district, of which nine are branches of state-owned banks, two are private banks, and one, the People's Credit Bank, is a municipally-owned BPR. There also are 45 registered cooperatives.[12]

Governance[edit]

Office building of North Kalimantan governor. Tanjung Selor is one of only four provincial capitals that does not have city status.

As a district, it is a third-level administrative region under a regency. A district head(camat) is appointed directly by the regent with recommendation from the regency secretary. Tanjung Selor itself has no parliament.[13][14] The district is divided into nine urban villages (kelurahan).

  • Gunung Seriang
  • Tanjung Selor Hulu
  • Jelarai Selor
  • Gunung Sari
  • Bumi Rahayu
  • Apung
  • Tengkapak
  • East Tanjung Selor
  • Tanjung Selor Hilir

At the regency level, the district, together with East Tanjung Palas, is part of the Bulungan first electoral district, which sends 11 representatives to the regency-level parliament. The latest election was in 2019, and the next is expected in 2024.[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

Dr. H. Soemarno Sosroatmodjo Regional Hospital, the only operational hospital in the district as of 2019

The district is served by the Tanjung Harapan Airport. All roads in the district are asphalt-paved and in good condition as of 2020, according to Statistics Indonesia. As of 2019, the district has 35 elementary schools, 19 junior high schools, 10 senior high schools, three vocational high schools, and three higher education institutions. There is also one hospital, 11 puskesmas government health clinics, three additional clinics, seven healthcare centers, and 17 pharmacies. Most of the district is reached by 4G wireless signal and basic telecommunication services.[12][16][17] The district's hospital, Dr. H. Soemarno Sosroatmojo Regional Hospital, is a public hospital owned by the regency government; built in 1984, it is classified as a C-class hospital by the Ministry of Health.[18][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ prokal.co. "Beri Pemahaman Sejarah Tanjung Selor | Radar Tarakan". kaltara.prokal.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  5. ^ "Bulungan Historical" [Sejarah Bulungan] (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on May 16, 2017.
  6. ^ "JPNN". www.jpnn.com (in Indonesian). 2016-05-17. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  7. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (2019-03-31). "Tanjung Selor, Model Pengembangan Ibu Kota Baru". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  8. ^ "Sejarah Kecamatan". Kecamatan Tanjung Selor. 2019-05-17. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  9. ^ "Geografis". Kecamatan Tanjung Selor. 2019-05-17. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  10. ^ "Tanjung Selor District" [Kecamatan Tanjung Selor] (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on April 20, 2017.
  11. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 19 October 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Kecamatan Tanjung Selor Dalam Angka 2020".
  13. ^ Government Law No.19 1998
  14. ^ "PP No. 17 Tahun 2018 tentang Kecamatan [JDIH BPK RI]". peraturan.bpk.go.id. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  15. ^ "Keputusan KPU Kaltara" (PDF).
  16. ^ prokal.co. "4G Hanya di Tiga Titik | Harian Rakyat Kaltara". rakyatkaltara.prokal.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  17. ^ "Wilayah Muara Bulungan Kini Terbebas dari Blank Spot". Niaga.Asia (in Indonesian). 2020-02-03. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  18. ^ "Informasi SDM Kesehatan Nasional". bppsdmk.kemkes.go.id. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  19. ^ "RSUD dr. H. SOEMARNO SOSROATMODJO TANJUNG SELOR". rsutanjungselor.com. Retrieved 2021-04-25.

External links[edit]