Tears in rain monologue
"Tears in Rain", also referred to as "The C-Beams Speech", is a brief monologue delivered by replicant Roy Batty (portrayed by Rutger Hauer) in the Ridley Scott film Blade Runner. The final form, altered from the scripted lines and improvised by Hauer on the eve of filming, has entered popular culture as "perhaps the most moving death soliloquy in cinematic history" and is an often quoted piece of science fiction writing.
Script and improvisation
In the film, the dying replicant Roy Batty makes this speech to Harrison Ford's character Deckard moments after saving him from falling off a tall building. Deckard had been tasked to kill him and his replicant friends. The words are spoken during a downpour, moments before Batty's death:
I've seen things you people wouldn't believe. Attack ships on fire off the shoulder of Orion. I watched C-beams glitter in the dark near the Tannhäuser Gate. All those moments will be lost in time, like tears in rain. Time to die.
In the documentary Dangerous Days: Making Blade Runner, Hauer, director Ridley Scott, and screenwriter David Peoples asserted that Hauer wrote the "Tears in Rain" speech. There were earlier versions of the speech in Peoples' draft screenplays; one included the sentence "I rode on the back decks of a blinker and watched C-beams glitter in the dark, near the Tannhäuser Gate" In his autobiography, Hauer said he merely cut the original scripted speech by several lines, adding only "All those moments will be lost in time, like tears in rain" although the original script, displayed during the documentary, before Hauer's rewrite, does not mention "Tannhäuser Gate":
I have known adventures, seen places you people will never see, I've been Offworld and back...frontiers! I've stood on the back deck of a blinker bound for the Plutition Camps with sweat in my eyes watching the stars fight on the shoulder of Orion. I've felt wind in my hair, riding test boats off the black galaxies and seen an attack fleet burn like a match and disappear. I've seen it...felt it!
Hauer described this as "opera talk" and "hi-tech speech" with no bearing on the rest of the film, so he "put a knife in it" the night before filming, without Scott's knowledge. In an interview with Dan Jolin, Hauer said that these final lines showed that Batty wanted to "make his mark on existence ... the replicant in the final scene, by dying, shows Deckard what a real man is made of."
When Hauer performed the scene, the film crew applauded and some even cried.
The speech is the final track on the 1994 official release of Vangelis' Blade Runner soundtrack.
Sidney Perkowitz, writing in Hollywood science, praised the speech, "If there's a great speech in science fiction cinema, it's Batty's final words." He says that it "underlines the replicant's humanlike characteristics mixed with its artificial capabilities." Jason Vest, writing in Future Imperfect: Philip K. Dick at the Movies, praised the delivery of the speech, "Hauer's deft performance is heartbreaking in its gentle evocation of the memories, experiences, and passions that have driven Batty's short life."
Tannhauser Gate, Tannhäuser Gate, and Tanhauser Gate are variant spellings of this unexplained place name which is used only once in the film. It has since been reused in other science fiction subgenres. The name probably derives from Richard Wagner's operatic adaption of the legend of the medieval German knight and poet Tannhäuser. Joanne Taylor, in an article discussing film noir and its epistemology, remarks on the relation between Wagner's opera and Batty's reference, and suggests that Batty aligns himself with Wagner's Tannhäuser, a character who has fallen from grace with men and with God. Both, she claims, are characters whose fate is beyond their own control.
References in other media
- A reference to Tannhäuser Gate is made in the film Soldier (1998).
- The video game Homeworld contains a level involving a hyperspace gate called Tannhauser Gate.
- The novel Something Rotten by Jasper Fforde features a version of the speech, with Literary Detective Thursday Next summing up her life inside literature:
...I had seen and done things I wouldn’t have believed.
I’d watched grammasites in flight over the pleasure domes of Xanadu,
felt the strangeness of listeners glittering on the dark stair.
I had cantered bareback on unicorns through the leafy forests of Zenobia
and played chess with Ozymandias, the King of Kings...
- Tears in Rain by Rosa Montero and Lilit Zekulin Thwaites is a novel written in a future where self-aware androids live among humans. The main character, Bruna Husky, is aware of her "mortality" in the same way that Roy Batty and his crew were and Bruna often thinks about the significance of Roy's monologue.
- The Venture Bros. episode 57, from season 5: "Venture Libre": When Dr. Venture is being briefed by General Manhowers about Venturestein on the X1, Hank insists it is a trap, saying "when we get there, if he's in a pair of bicycle shorts talking about 'tears in the rain', you run like hell."
- An easter egg page
about:robotsin Mozilla Firefox alludes to the monologue: "Robots have seen things you people wouldn't believe" among a list of robot related trivia.
- The Ballad of Roy Batty by British neo-psychedelia duo Grumbling Fur on their album Glynnaestra uses the monologue as repeated lyrics throughout the song.
- The Berlin-based techno label Dystopian released a compilation referencing the speech in November 2014 and released a music video titled "Like Tears In The Rain" by Rødhåd.
- Canadian recording artist The Weeknd's debut album Kiss Land features a song called "Tears in the Rain" as the album closer.
- Actress Rose McGowan paraphrases the monologue in the intro to her debut song RM486.
- British guitarist and composer Robin Foster uses the monologue on the track "D A D O E S", released on the album Life Is Elsewhere (2008). “D A D O E S” stands fort Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep, the name of Dick's novel which the movie Blade Runner is based on.
- Blade Runner: The Final Cut (Commentary Track). Ridley Scott. Warner Bros. 2007 .
- Ridley Scott; Paul Sammon (2005), Ridley Scott: interviews, University Press of Mississippi, p. 103
- Jim Krause (2006), Type Idea Index, p. 204, ISBN 9781581808063
- Mark Rowlands (2003), The philosopher at the end of the universe, pp. 234–235,
Roy then dies, and in perhaps the most moving death soliloquy in cinematic history...
- Mark Brake; Neil Hook (2008), "Different engines", Scientific American, Palgrave Macmillan, 259 (6): 163, Bibcode:1988SciAm.259f.111E, doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1288-111, ISBN 9780230553972
- Hampton Fancher & David Peoples (23 February 1981). "Blade Runner Screenplay". Retrieved 11 March 2010.
- Rutger Hauer & Patrick Quinlan (2007), All Those Moments: Stories of Heroes, Villains, Replicants and Blade Runners, HarperEntertainment, ISBN 978-0-06-113389-3
- 105 minutes into the Channel 4 documentary On the Edge of Blade Runner.
- Laurence Raw (2009), The Ridley Scott encyclopedia, p. 159, ISBN 9780810869523
- "The top 10 film moments - 6: Blade Runner — Batty's dying speech in the rain", The Observer, 6 February 2000, retrieved 6 October 2014
- S. Perkowitz (2007), Hollywood science, Columbia University Press, p. 203, ISBN 9780231142809
- Jason P. Vest (2009), Future Imperfect, University of Nebraska Press, p. 24, ISBN 0803218605
- Hicham Lasri, Static, ISBN 978-9954-1-0261-9, ff 255
- Taylor, Joanne (2006), "'Here's to Plain Speaking': The Condition(s) of Knowing and Speaking in Film Noir", Florida Atlantic Comparative Studies, 48: 29–54, ISBN 9781581129618
- Allon, Yoram; Del Cullen, Hannah Patterson. Contemporary North American film directors, ISBN 978-1-903364-52-9, p.14, "the two movies are connected by a single passing reference to Tannhauser Gate."
- "CALTROPS -- Review: Homeworld II". caltrops.com.
- Fforde, Jasper. Something Rotten: A Thursday Next Novel. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- Kross, Karin L. "Cyberpunk is the New Retro: Rosa Montero's Tears in Rain". Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- "The Venture Bros. Wiki — Venture Libre". teamventure.org.
- Kotowski, Timo (13 April 2009). "Easter Eggs: Eiablage im Datendickicht". DER SPIEGEL. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "Find Hidden Features and Easter Eggs on Firefox's About: Pages". Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "The Quietus — Reviews — Grumbling Fur". The Quietus.
- "RA News: Dystopian delivers a Soliloquy". Resident Advisor.
- "The Weeknd Speaks: How Kiss Land Tells The Story Of His 'Second Chapter'". MTV News.
- Smith, Raven; Delaney, Joseph. "Rose McGowan: RM486". Nowness. Nowness. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "Robin Foster biography/". Retrieved 29 November 2016.