Tanque Verde, Arizona
|Tanque Verde, Arizona|
Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona
|• Total||32.9 sq mi (85.1 km2)|
|• Land||32.9 sq mi (85.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,671 ft (814 m)|
|• Density||492.2/sq mi (190.3/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (no DST) (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||0037549|
|This section does not cite any sources. (November 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Tanque Verde began as a small community, remote from Tucson, and settled by ranchers arriving to the American West around the 1860s. The name of the area, which means "green tank," is a reference to the algae in a large and prominent stock water tank in the area in the late 19th century.
The Tanque Verde Valley was utilized by the Apache, a Native American tribe throughout the 19th century. Soldiers from Fort Lowell operated by the U.S. Army in the late 19th century also frequented the Tanque Verde Valley.
In 1886, the residents of the Tanque Verde valley established the Tanque Verde School District as the first significant political entity of the community.
By 2005, more than 1,600 students were enrolled in the school district's three schools, serving grades K-9. The Tanque Verde School District continues to register among the highest standardized test scores in Arizona.
As the Tucson area increased population, the Tanque Verde Valley did as well, but at a much slower rate. Much of the land in Tanque Verde is in covenants dictating land-use policies. These covenants strongly control growth and are considered by residents to ensure land preservation. By the 1960s, Tanque Verde had become a true suburb of Tucson.
Tanque Verde has become an affluent community, with a significant equestrian presence. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Tanque Verde has the highest median household incomes of any city or community in southern Arizona, and one of the highest in Arizona.
Tanque Verde is located at (32.271523, -110.751747).
The Tanque Verde Valley is characterized by the Santa Catalina Mountains to the north, and the Rincon Mountains to the east. The Tanque Verde Valley is traversed by two notable seasonal creeks, Tanque Verde and Agua Caliente.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Tanque Verde has a total area of 32.9 square miles (85.1 km²), all of it land. The river system in Arizona, including in Tanque Verde, is threatened by the increased pumping and diversion of water from the rivers and streams for agriculture, industrial, and domestic use.
At the 2000 census, there were 16,195 people, 5,810 households and 4,903 families residing in Tanque Verde. The population density was 492.7 per square mile (190.2/km²). There were 6,056 housing units at an average density of 184.3/sq mi (71.1/km²). The racial makeup of Tanque Verde is 94.28% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 7.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,810 households of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.3% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.6% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.01.
25.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 35.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.
The median household income was $80,530 and the median family income was $84,228. Males had a median income of $60,257 compared with $35,356 for females. The per capita income for Tanque Verde is $36,467. About 1.5% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Tanque Verde area is served by two school districts: Tanque Verde Unified School District and Tucson Unified School District. The two high schools in the area are Sabino High School and Tanque Verde High School.