Tanta

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Tanta

طنطا
TantaSabahDome.jpg
TantaBadawiCourt.jpg
TantaAliBek.jpg
Tanta-1.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Sheikha Sabah Mosque dome, Ahmad Al-Badawi Mosque, Sabil Ali-Bek, Tanta Overview
Nickname(s): 
Tanta
Tanta is located in Egypt
Tanta
Tanta
Location of Tanta within Egypt
Coordinates: 30°47′N 31°0′E / 30.783°N 31.000°E / 30.783; 31.000Coordinates: 30°47′N 31°0′E / 30.783°N 31.000°E / 30.783; 31.000
Country Egypt
GovernorateGharbia
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total658,798
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
Area code(s)(+20) 40

Tanta (Arabic: طنطاṬanṭa  pronounced [ˈtˤɑntˤɑ], Coptic: ⲧⲁⲛⲧⲁⲑⲟ) is a city in Egypt with the country's fifth largest populated area and 658,798 inhabitants as of 2018.[1] Tanta is located between Cairo and Alexandria: 94 km (58 mi) north of Cairo and 130 km (81 mi) southeast of Alexandria. The capital of Gharbia Governorate,[2] it is a center for the cotton-ginning industry.[3] One of the major railway lines goes through Tanta.[4][5] Annual festivals are held in Tanta for one week beginning on 11 October celebrating the birthday of Ahmad al-Badawi, a revered Sufi figure of the 13th century, who founded the Badawiyya Tariqa in Egypt and is buried in Ahmad Al-Badawi Mosque, the main mosque of Tanta. Tanta is known for its sweets shops and roasted chickpeas.[6]

Overview[edit]

sweet candy of Tanta

The older name of the city is Tandata (Arabic: طندتا‎) which comes from its Coptic name.[7]

With its large cotton plantations, in 1856, Tanta became a stop on the railway network, primarily for the benefit of exporting its cotton to European markets.[8] The area around Tanta was mostly fields but Tanta had grown into a large crowded city.[9]

This city is a center of celebration in late October at the end of the cotton harvest. Three million people,[2] from around the Delta and other parts of the Arab world, come for the Moulid of Sayid Ahmed el-Badawi,[10] which is a colorful,[11] religious, eight-day celebration. The moulid is centered around the mosque and tomb of Sayid Ahmad al-Badawi,[12] who founded one of Egypt's largest Sufi orders known as Ahmadiyyah or Badawiyya.[13] He was born in Morocco, but emigrated to Arabia, and later was sent to Tanta in AD 1234 as a representative of the order from Iraq. He was granted permission to start a new order in Tanta and it soon flourished into one of Egypt's largest Sufi brotherhoods.[10]

Tanta is famous for its sweet candy made of gelatin, coconut, sesame, peanuts, and chickpeas. Large quantites are sold during the mulid (Arabic: المولد‎) festivals when many Egyptians visit the city.[14] The sweets have been considered a delicacy since the 1800s.[15]

Tanta has many cotton processing factories and textile industries,[10] and is also a university town with Tanta University since 1972.[16]

The people of Tanta are called by Egyptian slang Tantawi.[17][18]

Sites[edit]

Saint Virgin Mary Coptic Orthodox church, which is over 200 years old.[19] The Museum of Tanta contains items from ancient nearby sites of Sais, Naucratis, and Buto, such as pottery and statues.[20][21] El Mahallah is a large industrial town near Tanta, famous for its textile.[10]

Climate[edit]

As all of Egypt, has a hot desert climate (BWh), according to Köppen-Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for Tanta, Egypt
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
32.0
(89.6)
36.8
(98.2)
41.6
(106.9)
45.3
(113.5)
44.7
(112.5)
41.5
(106.7)
42.5
(108.5)
41.2
(106.2)
38.7
(101.7)
35.6
(96.1)
28.2
(82.8)
45.3
(113.5)
Average high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
19.4
(66.9)
22.1
(71.8)
27.1
(80.8)
31.0
(87.8)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
31.6
(88.9)
29.2
(84.6)
24.2
(75.6)
20.3
(68.5)
26.9
(80.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
12.8
(55.0)
14.5
(58.1)
18.4
(65.1)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.2
(75.6)
21.6
(70.9)
17.5
(63.5)
13.5
(56.3)
19.5
(67.1)
Average low °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
6.6
(43.9)
7.8
(46.0)
11.2
(52.2)
14.3
(57.7)
17.3
(63.1)
19.7
(67.5)
19.7
(67.5)
17.8
(64.0)
15.3
(59.5)
11.5
(52.7)
8.0
(46.4)
13.0
(55.4)
Record low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.4
(32.7)
0.8
(33.4)
4.6
(40.3)
8.3
(46.9)
12.0
(53.6)
14.8
(58.6)
16.4
(61.5)
13.7
(56.7)
9.1
(48.4)
5.0
(41.0)
1.6
(34.9)
0.2
(32.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
8
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.1)
4
(0.2)
12
(0.5)
51
(2.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.7 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.6 1.5 6.6
Average relative humidity (%) 72 69 68 60 57 58 66 71 69 67 70 71 66.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 205.6 198.8 256.7 280.3 325.1 357.9 332.6 342.8 280.5 278.0 229.7 205.3 3,293.3
Source 1: NOAA[22]
Source 2: Record Meteo for record temperatures (1961–1990)[23]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Gazetteer. "Statistical information on Tanta, Egypt". Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  2. ^ a b Raafat, Shaimaa (October 21, 2014). "Tanta receives 3 million visitors participating in Moulid Al-Sayed Al-Badawy festival". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  3. ^ Chaichian, Mohammad A. (2009). Town and Country in the Middle East: Iran and Egypt in the Transition to Globalization, 1800–1970. Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739126776. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  4. ^ Ayyad, Mohamed (July 27, 2015). "Siemens, Egyptian Railway sign MoU to develop major lines' sign lighting". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  5. ^ Seif, Ola R (October 12, 2015). "Train of thoughts". ahram online. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  6. ^ Dan, Richardson; Jacobs, Daniel (February 1, 2013). The Rough Guide to Egypt. Penguin. ISBN 9781409324263. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  7. ^ Peust, Carsten. Die Toponyme vorarabischen Ursprungs im modernen Ägypten. p. 94.
  8. ^ Chaichian, Mohammad A. (2009). Town and Country in the Middle East: Iran and Egypt in the Transition to Globalization, 1800–1970. Lexington Books. p. 131. ISBN 9780739126776. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  9. ^ Huston, Perdita (2001). Families as We are: Conversations from Around the World. Feminist Press at CUNY. p. 63. ISBN 9781558612501. Retrieved 17 November 2016. streets in Tanta Egypt.
  10. ^ a b c d Richadson, Dan; Jacobs, Daniel (August 2, 2010). The Rough Guide to Egypt. Penguin. ISBN 9781405387736.
  11. ^ Denny, Frederick (September 21, 2015). Introduction to Islam. Routledge. p. 245. ISBN 9781317347279. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  12. ^ Brockman, Norbert (13 September 2011). Encyclopedia of Sacred Places, Volume 1. p. 321. ISBN 9781598846546. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  13. ^ el-Aswad, El-Sayed (July 13, 2012). Muslim Worldviews and Everyday Lives. Rowman Altamira. p. 77. ISBN 9780759121195. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  14. ^ Marcus, Antoine. "A Glimpse of Tanta, Egypt's "Boss Town"". Egyptian Streets. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  15. ^ Karl, Baedeker (1885). Egypt: Handbook for Travellers : Part First, Lower Egypt, with the Fayum and the Peninsula of Sinai. Harvard: Karl Baedeker. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  16. ^ "Tanta University History". Tanta University. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  17. ^ Marcus, Antoine. "A Glimpse of Tanta, Egypt's "Boss Town"". Egyptian Streets. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  18. ^ Elsamadouny, Zeyad. "Night Ride in Tanta". Youtube. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Christianity in Ebiar Village Tanta". A Sense of Belonging. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  20. ^ "SCA Tanta Museum". Supreme Council of Antiquities. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  21. ^ Hudson, Kenneth; Nicholls, Ann (June 18, 1985). The Directory of Museums & Living Displays. Springer. p. 208. ISBN 9781349070145. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  22. ^ "Tanta Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  23. ^ "Tanta, Egypt weather Station Record Meteo". Record Meteo. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Kamal Amien Bio". Fine Art Gov Egypt. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  25. ^ "Mahmoud Khalil Al Hussary". Assabile. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  26. ^ "Mohamed Fawzy (1918–1966) محمد فوزي". El Cinema. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  27. ^ Smith, Bonnie G. (2008). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History: 4 Volume Set. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 27. ISBN 9780195148909.
  28. ^ Mahmoud, Sayed (October 24, 2011). "Hegazy, Master of Egyptian cartoons". ahram online. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  29. ^ "Professor Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd". Philosophers of the Arabs. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  30. ^ Yaqoob, Tahira (March 16, 2012). "Ahmed Khaled Towfik, Egypt's doctor of escapism". Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  31. ^ "Sayed Nossier". SR / Olympic Sports. Archived from the original on 2015-02-20.
  32. ^ "Patriarch Maximos V (George) Hakim †". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  33. ^ "Dr. Nabil Farouk Biography". Rewayat Club. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  34. ^ Almazroui, Ayesha (March 8, 2015). "If we want to keep Arabic alive, don't blame English". The National. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.

[43]https://www.bing.com/search?q=Dr+Osama++Hammar+NHS+&qs=n&form=QBRE&sp=-1&pq=dr+osama+hammar+nhs+&sc=0-20&sk=&cvid=FF09B9BA94CC4A44B8584245B7560F53

https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/members/england/south-eastern/executive-committee https://uk.linkedin.com/in/osama-hammer-6649b7a7

External links[edit]

Dr Osama Said Abou Hammer د اسامه ابوحمر . Scientist ,consultant Neuro psychiatrist , Researcher and pioneer in addiction therapy, Based in London, has simplified the psychological and behavioural harms related to mental Health illnesses and Dementias in Europe, Arab countries societies .