Tanygnathus

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Tanygnathus
Tanygnathus megalorynchos - Barraband.jpg
Tanygnathus megalorynchos
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Tribe: Psittaculini
Genus: Tanygnathus
Wagler, 1832
Species

Tanygnathus gramineus
Tanygnathus lucionensis
Tanygnathus megalorynchos
Tanygnathus sumatranus

Tanygnathus is a genus of parrots in the Psittaculini tribe, of the superfamily of Psittacoidea (true parrots).

Its species are native to Southeast Asia and Melanesia.

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus Tanygnathus was introduced by the German naturalist Johann Wagler in 1832.[1] The type species was subsequently designated as the great-billed parrot.[2] The name Tanygnathus combines the Ancient Greek words tanuō "to stretch out" and gnathos "jaw".[3]

The genus contains four species:[4]

Genetic analysis has supported reclassifying all 4 species under Psittacula, making Tanygnathus a synonym of the former genus.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wagler, Johann Georg (1832). "Monographia Psittacorum". Abhandlungen der mathematisch-physikalischen Classe, Königlich-Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften (in Latin). 1: 463-750 [501].
  2. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1937). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 3. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 238.
  3. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Parrots, cockatoos". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  5. ^ Podsiadlowski, Lars; Gamauf, Anita; Töpfer, Till (2017-02-01). "Revising the phylogenetic position of the extinct Mascarene Parrot Mascarinus mascarin (Linnaeus 1771) (Aves: Psittaciformes: Psittacidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 107: 499–502. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.022. ISSN 1055-7903.