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Giant sabre comb cranefly (Tanyptera atrata) male.jpg
male Tanyptera atrata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Nematocera
Infraorder: Tipulomorpha
Superfamily: Tipuloidea
Family: Tipulidae
Subfamily: Ctenophorinae
Genus: Tanyptera
Latreille, 1804
Type species
Tipula atrata
Linnaeus, 1758
  • Flabellifera Meigen, 1800
  • Xiphura Brulle, 1832
  • Xiphusa authors

Tanyptera is a genus of true crane flies; its species are lustrous and black and yellow or red in color. They resemble some Ichneumonidae. Segments of the flagella of males have three outgrowths each (two lower paired and one the upper unpaired). The antennae of the females are distinctly 13-segmented. The sides of the mesothorax are glabrous. The ovipositor of the female is unusually long, the valves being only slightly shorter than the cerci. Tanyptera spp. exhibit extreme polymorphism in the body colour and body size of the sexes. The wing colors also vary from smoky-black, brown, or brownish-yellow, to transparent.

Their habitat is deciduous and mixed forests. The larvae live in dead but still hard wood. Tanyptera species are a minor pest in Russia where they are sometimes harmful to forest products. They are found in Europe and Asia.