Taoyuan Airport MRT

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Airport MRT / A
 A 
Express train entering Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Station.jpg
Taoyuan International Airport MRT Logo(Logo Only).svg
Overview
Type Rapid transit
Locale Taoyuan, Taipei, New Taipei
Termini Taipei Main Station
Huanbei
Stations 21
Operation
Opened 2 February 2017 (trial)
2 March 2017 (official)
Operator(s) Taoyuan Mass Rapid Transit System Co.
Character Elevated and Underground
Depot(s) Qingpu Depot, Luzhu Depot
Technical
Line length 51.03 kilometres (31.71 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Third rail 750 V DC
Route map
Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System Map in operation.svg
Taoyuan Airport MRT
Traditional Chinese 臺灣桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統
Simplified Chinese 台湾桃园国际机场联外捷运系统
Taoyuan Airport MRT
Traditional Chinese 桃園機場捷運
Simplified Chinese 桃园机场捷运

The Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT (commonly known as the Airport MRT) of the Taoyuan Metro is a rapid transit line that connects the municipalities of Taipei, New Taipei, and Taoyuan with Taoyuan International Airport. The 51.03 km (31.71 mi) line began commercial service on March 2, 2017.

The line offers both Commuter and Express train services, as well as in-town check-in and baggage check at Taipei Main Station. An extension to Zhongli Station is under construction, scheduled for completion by June 2018.

Overview[edit]

The route starts from Terminal 2 of Taoyuan International Airport and extends eastward, passing through Luzhu, Linkou, Guishan, Xinzhuang, and Sanchong, and before terminating in downtown Taipei. From the airport, it also extends south passing by THSR Taoyuan Station before terminating in Zhongli.[1] The route is 51.03 km (31.71 mi) long with 7 underground stations, 15 elevated stations, and two maintenance depots (Qingpu and Luzhu). Elevated track makes up 40.11 km (24.92 mi) of the total route length.[2] The total budget for the project is NT$93.6 billion.[1] The line is expected to serve over 143,000 passengers per day.[3] The line has a maximum operational speed of 100 km/h (62 mph).[4]

Operations[edit]

Taoyuan Airport MRT
Time (E/C)
(Up arrow Taiwan Railways Administration West Coast)
(Up arrow Taiwan High Speed Rail)
(Up arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg)
(Left arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line R.svg Right arrow)
0:00 Taipei Main Station
(Left arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line G.svg Right arrow)
(Down arrow Taiwan Railways AdministrationWest Coast)
(Down arrow Taiwan High Speed Rail)
(Down arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg)
0:05 Sanchong
(Left arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line O.svg Right arrow)
Erchong
0:08/0:09 New Taipei Industrial Park
0:12 Xinzhuang Fuduxin
0:14 Taishan
Fu Jen University Hospital
0:17 Taishan Guihe
Taipei Basin
Linkou Plateau
0:24 National Taiwan Sport University
0:22/0:28 Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
0:34 Linkou
Linkou Plateau
Taoyuan Plateau
0:41 Shanbi
0:44 Kengkou
0:35/0:47 Airport Terminal 1 Airport interchangeTPE
0:37/0:50 Airport Terminal 2 Airport interchangeTPE
Airport Terminal 3 Airport interchangeTPE
0:54 Airport Hotel
0:57 Dayuan
1:00 Hengshan
1:03 Linghang
(Up arrow Taiwan High Speed Rail)
1:07 Taoyuan HSR Station
(Down arrow Taiwan High Speed Rail)
1:10 Taoyuan Sports Park
1:15 Xingnan
1:19 Huanbei
Laojie River
Zhongli
(Left arrow Taiwan Railways Administration West Coast Right arrow)

Times shown are for trips originating from Taipei Main Station.

Two types of services is offered: Commuter Trains and Express Trains.[1] While both trains travel the same route, Express Trains stop at fewer stations and are specially provided for airport passengers.[1] Commuter Trains, which stop at every station, operate from Taipei to Zhongli in 70 minutes,[1] while Express Trains run from Taipei directly to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in 38 minutes.[5] During the initial stage of operation, services run with a 10-minute headway for Express and Commuter Trains (or 5 minutes per train), with a target interval of 3.75 minutes between trains.[1]

In-town check in and baggage check services are available at three stations: Taipei Main Station, New Taipei Industrial Park Station (future), and THSR Taoyuan Station, thus extending airline check-ins to downtown Taipei.[1] Although check-in and baggage services have already been added at THSR Taoyuan Station, it is further streamlined with the completion of the MRT.[6] Checked baggage is delivered to Terminal Two, where it is scanned and directed to the appropriate airline.[7] Baggage handling equipment is installed, including check-in counters, conveyor belts, container handling equipment, container elevators, and control systems.[4] Baggage is transported from the check-in counter into containers, which are loaded onto Express Trains. Flight information display system are installed at Express Train stops (A1, A3, and A8) as well as at THSR Taoyuan Station (A18).[8] They are installed at check-in counters and in each Express Train car.[8]

Rolling stock[edit]

Taoyuan Metro's Commuter (left) and Express (right) motor units at Linkou station.

The train sets are built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries.

Each car is powered by traditional, AC three-phase induction motors with 750 V DC power supplied via third rail.[4] Four-car configurations are used for Commuter Trains, while Express Trains have five-car configurations due to an extra baggage car.[9] The car body is constructed from stainless steel.[4] In Commuter Trains, each train car has 50 longitudinal seats with two wheelchair areas and two luggage racks. Express Train cars are equipped with 54 seats with one wheelchair area and three luggage racks.[9] Each train car has three doors per side, while the baggage car has five doors per side. An onboard baggage handling system, including control equipment, is installed.[9] The first train set (of 28 ordered)[10] were shipped at the end of July 2011 and started arriving by the middle of August 2011.[11] Initial track testing for the first set began in October 2011.[12] Of the 28 train sets, 11 are Express Trains while 17 are Commuter Trains.[10] All Express Trains and one Commuter Train were constructed in Japan; the rest are made in Taiwan.[13]

History[edit]

Announcement and funding[edit]

As one of the New Ten Major Construction Projects, a rail system to connect Taoyuan International Airport with existing transportation hubs was announced. This metro route was originally planned to be constructed as a BOT project. In 1998, the project was auctioned to Evertransit International Development Corp. (長生國際開發), a subsidiary of Ever Fortune Industrial Co. (長億實業). However, the company failed to begin the construction, and in 2003, the government cancelled the contract.[1] After the BOT project failed to go through, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) decided to build the line directly from the government budget.

Taipei terminus moved[edit]

The terminus in Taipei was shifted from Ximen to Taipei Main Station to facilitate transfers to other forms of public transportation (including TRA and THSR). There were disagreements between the MOTC and the Taipei City Government regarding the exact location of the terminal station. The MOTC preferred an elevated station just north of the Taipei Main Station, while the City Government wanted it built underground just west of Chengde Road. The MOTC's plan was less expensive and would require less time to construct, but it would have obstructed the scenery of the surrounding area. The two sides finally compromised, agreeing to build the station underground with the City Government covering the additional cost. The revised project was approved in September 2004 and construction began on September 25, 2006.[1]

Construction and development[edit]

The Bureau of High Speed Rail of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications oversaw construction.[14] Construction began in 2006 and was plagued by multiple delays; the majority of the line was originally scheduled for completion in 2013.[15] The line began trial operations on February 2, 2017 and began commercial service on March 2, 2017.

A special industrial zone was planned around the THSR Taoyuan Station area.[16] Land acquisition for the Sanchong City section totaled 2.07 ha (20,700 m2) and cost NT$1.4 billion, including land and buildings.[17]

Timeline[edit]

  • December 4, 2008: MOTC announced that the system would be extended to Zhongli.[18]
  • December 31, 2008: Construction of the Gate of Taipei and Taipei Main Station (A1) began.[19]
  • February 13, 2009: MOTC announced that the line would be handed over to the Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA) to operate. However, after President Ma Ying-jeou took office, he asked the Bureau of High Speed Rail to reassess the possibility of operating the line with the Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation (TRTC) and the TRA.
  • May 9, 2009: The TRA announced they would not be able to operate the line. Thus, the MOTC asked either TRTC or the Taoyuan City Government to create the Taoyuan Mass Rapid Transit Corporation to operate the line.
  • May 15, 2010: The Council for Economic Planning and Development released a report about the extension to Zhongli and development of the surrounding areas. It will cost an estimated NT$13.801 billion to complete.[20]
  • 2010: Sanchong residents living in the Boai New Community requested an additional station be added to the route: Boai (A2A). In order not delay opening of the line, space would be preserved for Stage 2 construction. Addition of the station will cost an additional NT$1.94 billion in addition to the design and construction of a flood wall (NT$300 million), bringing the total estimated cost to NT$2.24 billion.[21]
  • August 5, 2011: Construction on 40 km (25 mi) of elevated track (out of the total 51 km (32 mi)) was completed.[22]
  • February 2, 2017: Trial operations between Taipei and Huanbei started. 1.4 million passengers used the system during this period, double the expected 700,000 passengers.[23][24]
  • March 2, 2017: The Taipei-Huanbei section opened for commercial service.[23]

Construction[edit]

Airport MRT under construction under the future site of Taoyuan Airport Terminal 3 (2009).

The entire system cost NT$113.85 billion.[25] The first train sets from Kawasaki Heavy Industries were delivered in July 2011.[26][25] The system is based on steel wheel on steel rail technology.[1] Platform screen doors are installed at all underground stations, while elevated stations are equipped with automatic platform gates.[9]

In addition to tracks and stations, joint development projects have been constructed to boost development around stations. In April 2011, Kingdom Construction Corp. signed a contract to construct a 16-story residential and commercial building near Linkou Station.[27]

Civil engineering[edit]

The design of core E&M systems (including rolling stock, power supply, signaling, communications, depot equipment, platform screen doors, etc.) and the design and construction of two depots (Qingpu and Luzhu) were awarded as part of a contract worth NT$25.5 billion.[8] Hitachi, in cooperation with Marubeni Corporation[28] and Kawasaki Heavy Industries, won the bid for the E&M systems and signed the contract on January 12, 2006.[29] The groundbreaking ceremony for the power supply system was held on October 1, 2010 on behalf of five contractor companies including Hitachi.[30] Motorola supplied the digital radio communications system for the line.[31]

The power supply for the system is drawn from two Taiwan Power Company 161 kV supplies at three Bulk Supply Substations (BSS); one incoming line serves as the main power supply while the other serves a backup.[9] One substation (A8) is located between Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Linkou. The main RC structure was completed in March 2011, while civil engineering was finish at the end of October.[32] The automatic fare collection system contract was awarded to Mercuries Data Systems (MDS) on October 22, 2010 for NT$355 million.[33]

Track[edit]

Of the total 51.03 km (31.71 mi) route length, 10.92 km (6.79 mi) was constructed underground while 40.11 km (24.92 mi) is elevated.[34] A large portion (78.6%) of the route length is constructed on 9.3 m (31 ft)-wide viaducts, which is used in both dense urban districts as well as rural areas with steep slopes.[1] Two types of viaducts, single-tracked and double-tracked, are used.[1] Single-tracked viaducts were constructed with a standard span of 30 m (98 ft) with mobile cranes. Double-tracked viaducts were constructed using the Advanced Shoring Method for either 35 m (115 ft) or 60 m (200 ft) spans. A 4 m (13 ft) noise barrier wall is used on all viaducts, and floating track beds are used for environmentally-sensitive zones. During construction, some residents in Xinzhuang expressed concern over the 7 to 9-story high elevated track and its stability during potential earthquakes.[35] The Bureau of High Speed Rail responded that due to a base that penetrates 20–30 m (66–98 ft) into the ground, the tracks could withstand earthquake shake intensity over 5 without a problem.[35] By July 2011, the last of the line's elevated support pillars were erected and by August 2011, construction of the elevated viaducts were completed.[36]

RAIL.ONE Group provided the ballastless track system for the line. 150,000 modified bi-block type B 355 ties were delivered for the line. The first set arrived between July and December 2010, while the last set began production in March 2011.[37]

A section crossing over National Highway No. 1 employs a V-shaped support system (instead of the usual vertical supports) and began construction in July 2009.[38]

Construction near A1 Taipei Main Station (2009)

Taipei terminus[edit]

The Taipei terminus is situated under the future Gate of Taipei twin towers[39] and is designed by architect Fumihiko Maki.[40] The station itself extends five stories underground.[41] The diaphragm wall is 53 meters deep and excavation depth was around 27 meters. Four underground levels were constructed: three for the terminus of the station and one for a parking lot.[42] China Engineering Consultants, Inc. (CECI) won the contract for construction of the Taipei City section through public appraisal on July 8, 2005.[43] Redevelopment of the 47 hectares (470,000 m2) area will comprise of retail, office, and hotel components.[41]

Taoyuan Airport section[edit]

The entire airport section consists of four underground stations (A12 to A14a) and is 6.85 km (4.26 mi) long.[8] Both cut-and-cover and shield tunneling were used for tunnel construction.[1] Since shield tunnels were constructed underneath existing taxiways and the control tower area, an automatic monitoring system was used to assess the impact to the soil and structures so that a response can be made in time. In the same section, secondary grouting and a micro-pile cut-off wall was used to reinforce the tunnels. In addition, a floating track bed was used for the tracks crossing these areas to reduce vibrations.[1] Continental Engineering Corporation constructed the underground stations and the tunnels in this section.[44]

Five shield tunneling sections totaling 3,600 m (11,800 ft) and 1,630 m (5,350 ft) of cut-and-cover sections were excavated.[8] Arrival areas near the MRT departure areas were constructed.

Tunneling under the Tamsui River[edit]

The section passing below Tamsui River (about 1 km in length) employed the shield-tunneling method. The double-O-tube (DOT) shield tunnel machine was used for the first time in Taiwan.[1][45] The 1.58 km (0.98 mi)-long tunnels took 12 months to dig, and were completed in December 2010.[46]

Chingshan Road section[edit]

This section was built along a steep roadside slope. Traditional construction methods would greatly increase the difficulty, cost, and excavation area necessary to build an elevated line through the area.[47] In order to reduce environmental impact and cut construction time, a bamboo-cut treatment was used in construction to keep the slope intact.[1] Top ring girders 11.4 m (37 ft) in diameter were used to gradually excavate the area, after which a 10 m (33 ft) diameter foundation can be placed.[47] A total of 15 bamboo-cut foundations were constructed, ranging from a height of 5.88 to 16.35 meters.[47] By June 2010, the contractor (Fu Tsu Corporation) had completed 13 of the 15 bases, with the additional two under construction.[47]

Stations[edit]

A commuter train leaving New Taipei Industrial Park
Airport Terminal 2 faregates and information booth

Several stations were selected for public art installations.[48]

  • Operation Services
    • C - Commuter
    • E - Express [49]
Services Code Station Name Transfer Location
C E English Chinese
A1 Taipei Main Station 台北車站 200 m: Taiwan Railways Administration West Coast (100) Taiwan High Speed Rail (TPE/02)
300 m: Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line R.svg (R10) Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg (BL12) Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line G.svg (G13)
Zhongzheng Taipei
A2 Sanchong 三重 Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line O.svg (O15) Sanchong New Taipei
A2a Erchong 二重
A3 New Taipei Industrial Park 新北產業園區 Taipei Metro Y  (2017) Xinzhuang
A4 Xinzhuang Fuduxin 新莊副都心
A5 Taishan 泰山 Taishan
A5a Fu Jen University Hospital 輔大醫院
A6 Taishan Guihe 泰山貴和
A7 National Taiwan Sport University 體育大學 Guishan Taoyuan
A8 Chang Gung Memorial Hospital 長庚醫院
A9 Linkou 林口 Linkou New Taipei
A10 Shanbi 山鼻 Luzhu Taoyuan
A11 Kengkou 坑口 Dayuan
A12 Airport Terminal 1 機場第一航廈 Airport interchange TPE
A13 Airport Terminal 2 機場第二航廈 Airport interchange TPE
A14 Airport Terminal 3 機場第三航廈 Airport interchange TPE
A14a Airport Hotel 機場旅館
A15 Dayuan 大園  G  (Planned)
A16 Hengshan 橫山
A17 Linghang 領航
A18 Taoyuan HSR Station 高鐵桃園站 Taiwan High Speed Rail (TAY/04) Zhongli
A19 Taoyuan Sports Park 桃園體育園區
A20 Xingnan 興南
A21 Huanbei 環北
A22 Laojie River 老街溪
A23 Zhongli Railway Station 中壢 Taiwan Railways Administration West Coast (108)

Fares[edit]

One-way ticket prices range from NT$30 to NT$160. Trips within A12-A14a stations (Airport Terminal 1 to Airport Hotel) are free when using an IC card.[50]

30, 60, and 90-day periodic tickets are available, offering up to 40% discounts. [51]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "The Project of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System". Bureau of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  2. ^ 《交通》機場捷運大園至中壢路段高架橋全部合龍 (in Chinese). 中時電子報. 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-03-07. 
  3. ^ "變更中壢平鎮都市擴大修訂計畫(配合臺灣桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統延伸至中壢火車站建設計畫)書" (PDF). Taoyuan County Government. p. 35. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System Construction Project" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation and Communications. December 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  5. ^ "Taiwan's Taoyuan airport MRT line expected to be completed by 2014". Central News Agency. 2008-12-11. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  6. ^ "Taoyuan Airport to allow check-ins at HSR stations". The China Post. 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  7. ^ "Int'l airport MRT station to offer direct luggage checking". The China Post. 2011-11-02. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Brief of Construction Tenders". Bureau of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "E&M Mechanical System Engineering". Department of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  10. ^ a b 機場捷運車廂9月到 軌道測試 (in Chinese). 自由時報. 2011-02-25. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  11. ^ 機場捷運列車 日本裝船畫面曝光 (in Chinese). 公視新聞網. 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  12. ^ "BHSR to test airport line in October". Taipei Times. 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2011-08-14. 
  13. ^ "機捷車廂抵台 10月亮相". The Liberty Times. 2011-08-13. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 
  14. ^ "Lines under construction". Transportation Bureau, Taipei County. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  15. ^ "High speed rail bureau chief resigns over project delays". Taiwan News. May 8, 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  16. ^ ""Development and Operation Project of Special Industrial Zone of HSR Taoyuan Station District" Requests for Opinions from Vendors". Department of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  17. ^ "臺灣桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統工程 三重市轄段用地取得". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2007-11-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  18. ^ 李順德 (2008-12-05). "再砸130億》機場捷運 延伸到中壢車站". 聯合新聞網. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  19. ^ 孫承武 (2008-12-31). "機場捷運共構;郝龍斌:台北將入列國際都市". 大紀元. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  20. ^ 「台灣桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統延伸至中壢火車站規劃報告」案
  21. ^ 捷運機場線增博愛站 站址確定
  22. ^ "Construction of MRT Airport Line's elevated section completed". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  23. ^ a b "Airport MRT begins commercial operations". The China Post. 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  24. ^ "Airport MRT to begin commercial operations". The China Post. 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  25. ^ a b "Talk of the day -- Airport MRT line and expansion project in focus". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  26. ^ "Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System Construction Project". Department of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  27. ^ "Kingdom to develop land near future Linkou MRT". The China Post. 2011-04-13. Retrieved 2011-04-15. 
  28. ^ 台北・中正国際空港鉄道建設契約を受注 (in Japanese). Marubeni. 2006-01-12. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  29. ^ "Hitachi Signed Contract for Airport Access MRT System in Taiwan". Hitachi. 2006-01-12. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  30. ^ "The Groundbreaking Ceremony of Power Supply System for Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System Construction Project". Department of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  31. ^ "Motorola to Provide TETRA Radio Network for Taiwan Tao-Yuan Airport Link Transit System". Motorola. 2007-06-26. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  32. ^ "BOHSR Newsletter: Jul. 2011" (PDF). Bureau of High Speed Rail. July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  33. ^ "Contract Signing of Automatic Fare Collection System Works for Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT with Contractor". Bureau of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  34. ^ "Route Map". Bureau of High Speed Rail, MOTC. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  35. ^ a b "機場捷運七樓高 民眾憂安全". 新浪新聞. 2011-02-28. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  36. ^ "關切機場捷運進度 吳志揚視察A8長庚醫院站". NOW News. 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2011-03-31. 
  37. ^ "Updates from APS Technology, Railinc, Wabtec, Bombardier, RAIL.ONE, David J. Joseph and Bowman, Barrett & Associates". Progressive Railroading. 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2010-06-30. 
  38. ^ "桃園機場捷運 V型橋工程即將完成". 自立晚報. 2011-04-15. Retrieved 2011-04-16. 
  39. ^ "Twin towers to appear at airport MRT line". The China Post. 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  40. ^ 台北中央駅空港高速線の駅デザイン (in Japanese). IKDS. September 2007. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  41. ^ a b "Redevelopment of Taipei Main Station Area". Maki and Associates. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  42. ^ "專題報導 Special Report: 臺灣桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統 臺北站工程". Department of Rapid Transit Systesm. 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  43. ^ "機場捷運線百年大計 臺北車站特定區- -國家門戶". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  44. ^ "Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System Construction Project Contract CU02". Continental Engineering Corporation. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  45. ^ "機場捷運線雙圓潛盾機設備之設計考量". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  46. ^ Grace Kuo (2010-12-31). "Super tunnel digger speeds up Taipei MRT project". Taiwan Today. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  47. ^ a b c d "Cross passage of Shield Tunnel of Airport MRT & Bamboo-Cutting foundation Are to Be Completed with Great Expeditiousness". MOTC. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  48. ^ "Public Art Sites Project Descriptions". MRT Engineering Office, Bureau of High Speed Rail. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  49. ^ "Route map". Taoyuan Metro. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  50. ^ "Taoyuan Airport MRT". www.taoyuan-airport.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 13 March 2017. 
  51. ^ "TAOYUAN AIRPORT MRT FARES SET, UP TO NT$160". Public Television Service Foundation. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 

External links[edit]