Tapacarí Province

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Tapacari
Province
Location of the Tapacarí Province within Bolivia
Location of the Tapacarí Province within Bolivia
Provinces of the Cochabamba Department
Provinces of the Cochabamba Department
Coordinates: 17°37′S 66°05′W / 17.617°S 66.083°W / -17.617; -66.083
CountryFlag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
DepartmentCochabamba Department
CapitalTapacari
Area
 • Total600 sq mi (1,500 km2)
Elevation
11,500 ft (3,500 m)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total25,919
 • Density45/sq mi (17.3/km2)
 • Ethnicities
Quechua, Aymara people
Area code(s)BO.CB.TP

Tapacarí is a province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. Its capital is Tapacarí. The province is located at a turnoff from the major highway that links Cochabamba and Oruro. It has traditionally been amongst the poorest in the department. Tapacarí Province and neighboring Arque Province are the two poorest of the 16 provinces that make up the department of Cochabamba.

Geography[edit]

The approximate elevation of the province is 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) above sea level. The terrain is very rough. Some of the highest mountains of the province are listed below:[1][2][3][4]

Subdivision[edit]

The province is not further subdivided into municipalities. So Tapacarí Municipality and Tapacarí Province are identical. The province is divided into four cantons.

Canton Inhabitants (2001) Seat
Challa Canton 6,061 Challa
Leque Canton 3,911 Leque
Ramadas Canton 6,508 Ramadas
Tapacarí Canton 9,429 Tapacarí

People and economics[edit]

The majority of the people who live in Tapacarí are indigenous Quechua villagers or campesinos as they are known in Spanish. The principal economic activities of the families are agriculture and livestock, with wheat, barley, potatoes, corn and other staples being the major cash crops and sheep, goats, pigs, and guinea pigs being the most popular animals. Food is first and foremost used for domestic consumption, while the excess is traditionally sold at the local markets. While the men work in agriculture and haul the excess off to larger markets in Quillacollo and Cochabamba, the women of the Tapacari valley are known as superb weavers. The fur from the sheep is removed and dyed with traditional flowers that grow in the wild. and then spun by the women. Finally, in the same fashion that the Incas used centuries ago, it is then extended on the loom to make beautiful products. Although some of the weavings are exported, the majority is sold in the city at centric markets.

Aramasi, which is the site of a weaving center funded via PRODEVAT, in addition to a mill which was funded in part by USAID, is located in Ramadas Canton. The Mary Mahoney Medical Center, which is funded by Asociacion Amistad, also works out of Aramasi. Finally, Aramasi also celebrates an annual weaving and music fair which was started by a US Peace Corps Volunteer.

Politically, the province is almost entirely behind the ruling party of Evo Morales - Movimiento al Socialismo, or MAS.

Ethnic group Inhabitants (%)
Quechua 64.1
Aymara 31.4
Guaraní, Chiquitos, Moxos 0.0
Not indigenous 4.5
Other indigenous groups 0.0

Ref.: obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo

Languages[edit]

The languages spoken in the Tapacarí Province are mainly Quechua, Spanish and Aymara.[5]

Language Inhabitants
Quechua 18,806
Aymara 8,187
Guaraní 5
Another native 6
Spanish 8,213
Foreign 15
Only native 16,018
Native and Spanish 7,947
Only Spanish 266

Transport[edit]

There are virtually no paved roads in the entire province, with the exception of the interdepartamental route linking Cochabamba and Oruro and La Paz.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tapacari". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  2. ^ Bolivia 1:100,000, Bolívar 3535, Map prepared and published by the Defense Mapping Agency, Hydrographic/Topographic Center, Bethesda, MD Radio San Gabriel
  3. ^ IGM Bolivia 1:50,000 Leque 6241-III
  4. ^ IGM Bolivia 1:50,000 Mazo Cruz 6241-I
  5. ^ obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo / Observatorio Bolivia Democrático Archived 2009-02-18 at the Wayback Machine (Spanish)


Coordinates: 17°35′S 67°05′W / 17.583°S 67.083°W / -17.583; -67.083