Tapalpa

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Tapalpa
Municipality and city
Colonial era church in Tapalpa.
Colonial era church in Tapalpa.
Coat of arms of Tapalpa
Location of the municipality in Jalisco
Location of the municipality in Jalisco
Tapalpa is located in Mexico
Tapalpa
Tapalpa
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°56′40.27488″N 103°45′30.7728″W / 19.9445208000°N 103.758548000°W / 19.9445208000; -103.758548000Coordinates: 19°56′40.27488″N 103°45′30.7728″W / 19.9445208000°N 103.758548000°W / 19.9445208000; -103.758548000
Country Mexico
StateJalisco
Area
 • Total442.15 km2 (170.72 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total19,506
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)

Tapalpa (Spanish: [ta'palpa] (About this soundlisten)) is a town and municipality in Jalisco, a state of central-western Mexico.

History[edit]

The word "Tapalpa" comes from the Nahuatl word "tlapalpan" meaning "land of colors."[1]

The region was inhabited by the Otomi prior to the arrival of the Spanish.[2]

In 1523, the Spanish, led by Alonso de Ávalos Saavedra, reached the region. They encountered a native tribe called Atlacco, who did not resist the Spanish colonizers. In 1531, a group of Franciscan friars began evangelizing to the natives.[3]

By 1825, Tapalpa was already registered as a town and in 1869 it was declared a municipality.[3]

The first paper factory in Latin America was opened in Tapalpa in 1840.[4] The factory shut down and was abandoned in 1923 due to the Mexican Revolution.[5] Today its abandoned ruins have become a tourist attraction.

Geography[edit]

Countryside with forests.

Tapalpa is located in the southern region of the state of Jalisco. The municipality covers an area of 442.15 km².[3] As of 2015, the total population of the municipality was 19,506 of which 5,566 lived in the town of Tapalpa.[2]

It is located along the Sierra Madre Occidental. It contains approximately 17,735 hectares of forest made up mostly pine, oak, and ash trees.[2] Deer, rabbits and snakes are common in the area.

Tapalpa receives an average of 883.1 millimeters of rain annually, most of it between June and October.[3]

With a height of 105 meters, the Salto del Nogal is the tallest waterfall in the state of Jalisco.[6] It is located 10 km from the city of Tapalpa.

Architecture[edit]

Tapalpa is known for its traditional buildings with white facades and red roofs. Some traditional public fountains where people used to get their daily water are still conserved.

Street in Tapalpa

The Temple of San Antonio was built in 1650 by the Franciscans. It is notable for its large vaulted ceiling. A local legend says that a group of bandits once tried to rob the temple but were stopped by a mysterious man dressed in black. It is said that that man was Saint Anthony of Padua, the patron saint of the temple.[7]

Due to damages to the Temple of San Antonio, it became necessary to build another church. The construction of the Church of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe began in 1950. The construction of the new church was paid for by the contributions of the locals. The church is built almost entirely of red brick.

Government[edit]

List of municipal presidents[edit]

Term Municipal president Political party Note
1901-1902[8] Ramón Ramírez
1903 Manuel Preciado
1904-1905 Ramón Ramírez
1905 Camilo González
1906-1907 Manuel L. Corcuera
1907 Alberto Palos
1908 Ramón Ramírez
1909 Juan F. de la Torre
1910 Federico Gálvez
1911 Francisco Galindo Ceballos
1911 Ignacio L. Ramírez
1911 Ignacio Preciado
1912-1913 Ignacio L. Ramírez
1914-1917 ??
1918 Teodoro González
1919-1920 Catarino L. de la Torre
1921 Benjamín Contreras
1922 Ignacio T. Ramírez
1922 Vidal Pérez Acting municipal president
1922 Wilibaldo de la Torre Acting municipal president
1922 Guillermo Manzano Acting municipal president
1923 Francisco Manzano
1924 Eduardo Vielma
1925 J. Clemente Guerrero
1926 J. Jesús Valencia
1927 J. Santos González
1928-1929 José Alcaraz
1930-1931 José Rodríguez Montes de Oca PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1932 Desiderio Rodríguez PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1933 José Rodríguez Montes de Oca PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1934-1935 Francisco Manzano PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1936 Ignacio T. López PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1937 Ignacio T. Ramírez PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1938 Jesús de la Torre PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1939-1940 Ignacio T. López PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1941-1942 Ángel Manzano de la Torre PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1943-1944 Francisco Manzano PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1945-1946 Cenobio Lepe PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1947 Ignacio T. López PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1948 Miguel de la Torre Aguilar PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1949-1952 Luis Gómez Méndez PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1953-1955 Miguel de la Torre Aguilar PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1956-1958 Guadalupe Nava López PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1959-1961 Miguel de la Torre Aguilar PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1962-1964 Ángel Manzano de la Torre PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1965-1967 Ignacio Lepe Munguía PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1968-1970 Javier de la Torre López PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1971-1973 José Luis Toscano PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1974-1976 J. Jesús Ávalos Enríquez PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1977-1979 Rafael Córdova Díaz PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1980-1982 Guadalupe Nava López PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1983-1985 Luis Arturo Manzano Cueto PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1986-1988 Antonio Toscano PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1989-1992 Rafael Córdova Díaz PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1992-1995 Pedro Zamora López PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1995-1997 José Luis Arias Rodríguez PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1998-2000 Arnoldo Zamora Jiménez PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
2001-2003 Ramón García Velasco PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
01/01/2004-31/12/2006[9] José Ángel Delgado Rodríguez PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg
01/01/2007-31/12/2009[10] José Guadalupe Homar Ledezma Delgado PRD PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
PT PT logo (Mexico).svg
Temporary political alliance
01/01/2010-30/09/2012 Juan Manuel Rubio Pérez PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
Panal PNA logo (Mexico).svg
Temporary political alliance
01/10/2012-30/09/2015 Martín Daniel Bacilio Panal PNA logo (Mexico).svg
01/10/2015-30/09/2018 Antonio Morales Díaz PRD PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
01/10/2018-30/09/2021 Luz Elvira Manzano Ochoa PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg
PRD PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
MC MC Party (Mexico).svg
Temporary political alliance

Tourism[edit]

In 2001, Mexico's Secretariat of Tourism launched the Programa Pueblos Magicos in order to recognize towns across the country notable for their cultural and historical importance. Tapalpa was registered as a Pueblo Magico in 2002.

The area is a popular weekend destination for residents of nearby Guadalajara. Countryside cabins are available to rent for the night. There are many excellent outdoor restaurants that specialize in grilled meats.

Las Piedrotas[edit]

Valle de los Enigmas, also known as las Piedrotas (Spanish "The Big Stones"), is a popular hiking destination in Tapalpa. It is notable for its large natural monoliths. It is located 4 km north of the city. Zip-lining and horseback riding are popular activities.

Notable people[edit]

  • Atala Apodaca (1884-1977), teacher, author, and feminist
  • Cipriano Campos Alatorre[11] (1906-1934), teacher, novelist
  • Luis Enrique Bracamontes (1923-2003), civil engineer and politician
  • Martín Israel Aguilar García (1995-), journalist

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cana, Marco. "Tapalpa Pueblo Magico". Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  2. ^ a b c Instituto de Informacion Estadistica y Geografica, Tapalpa Diagnostico del Municipio
  3. ^ a b c d "Tapalpa | Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco". www.jalisco.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-04-26.
  4. ^ "Tapalpa y lo que no se dice". EL INFORMADOR (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  5. ^ "Tapalpa: Una ventana al cielo". www.tapalpaturistico.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  6. ^ "El Salto del Nogal, la cascada más alta de Jalisco – DiarioUP". diarioup.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  7. ^ "Tapalpa: Una ventana al cielo". www.tapalpaturistico.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  8. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Estado de Jalisco. Tapalpa" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  9. ^ Samuel Guijarro Magaña. "El Comportamiento Electoral de los Ciudadanos del Distrito XIX Local en Jalisco. Análisis de los resultados electorales de las elecciones federales y locales del periodo comprendido entre 2003 y 2012" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  10. ^ Instituto Electoral y de Participación Ciudadana de Jalisco. "Listado de Presidentes Municipales Electos 2006" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Enciclopedia de la literatura en México. Cipriano Campos Alatorre" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 June 2021.