Municipality and city
|Coordinates: 19°56′40.27488″N 103°45′30.7728″W / 19.9445208000°N 103.758548000°WCoordinates: 19°56′40.27488″N 103°45′30.7728″W / 19.9445208000°N 103.758548000°W|
|• Total||442.15 km2 (170.72 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)|
Tapalpa (Spanish: [ta'palpa] (listen)) is a town and municipality in Jalisco, a state of central-western Mexico.
The word "Tapalpa" comes from the Nahuatl word "tlapalpan" meaning "land of colors."
The region was inhabited by the Otomi prior to the arrival of the Spanish.
In 1523, the Spanish, led by Alonso de Ávalos Saavedra, reached the region. They encountered a native tribe called Atlacco, who did not resist the Spanish colonizers. In 1531, a group of Franciscan friars began evangelizing to the natives.
By 1825, Tapalpa was already registered as a town and in 1869 it was declared a municipality.
The first paper factory in Latin America was opened in Tapalpa in 1840. The factory shut down and was abandoned in 1923 due to the Mexican Revolution. Today its abandoned ruins have become a tourist attraction.
Tapalpa is located in the southern region of the state of Jalisco. The municipality covers an area of 442.15 km². As of 2015, the total population of the municipality was 19,506 of which 5,566 lived in the town of Tapalpa.
It is located along the Sierra Madre Occidental. It contains approximately 17,735 hectares of forest made up mostly pine, oak, and ash trees. Deer, rabbits and snakes are common in the area.
Tapalpa receives an average of 883.1 millimeters of rain annually, most of it between June and October.
With a height of 105 meters, the Salto del Nogal is the tallest waterfall in the state of Jalisco. It is located 10 km from the city of Tapalpa.
Tapalpa is known for its traditional buildings with white facades and red roofs. Some traditional public fountains where people used to get their daily water are still conserved.
The Temple of San Antonio was built in 1650 by the Franciscans. It is notable for its large vaulted ceiling. A local legend says that a group of bandits once tried to rob the temple but were stopped by a mysterious man dressed in black. It is said that that man was Saint Anthony of Padua, the patron saint of the temple.
Due to damages to the Temple of San Antonio, it became necessary to build another church. The construction of the Church of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe began in 1950. The construction of the new church was paid for by the contributions of the locals. The church is built almost entirely of red brick.
List of municipal presidents
|Term||Municipal president||Political party||Note|
|1906–1907||Manuel L. Corcuera|
|1909||Juan F. de la Torre|
|1911||Francisco Galindo Ceballos|
|1911||Ignacio L. Ramírez|
|1912–1913||Ignacio L. Ramírez|
|1919–1920||Catarino L. de la Torre|
|1922||Ignacio T. Ramírez|
|1922||Vidal Pérez||Acting municipal president|
|1922||Wilibaldo de la Torre||Acting municipal president|
|1922||Guillermo Manzano||Acting municipal president|
|1925||J. Clemente Guerrero|
|1926||J. Jesús Valencia|
|1927||J. Santos González|
|1930–1931||José Rodríguez Montes de Oca||PNR|
|1933||José Rodríguez Montes de Oca||PNR|
|1936||Ignacio T. López||PNR|
|1937||Ignacio T. Ramírez||PNR|
|1938||Jesús de la Torre||PRM|
|1939–1940||Ignacio T. López||PRM|
|1941–1942||Ángel Manzano de la Torre||PRM|
|1947||Ignacio T. López||PRI|
|1948||Miguel de la Torre Aguilar||PRI|
|1949–1952||Luis Gómez Méndez||PRI|
|1953–1955||Miguel de la Torre Aguilar||PRI|
|1956–1958||Guadalupe Nava López||PRI|
|1959–1961||Miguel de la Torre Aguilar||PRI|
|1962–1964||Ángel Manzano de la Torre||PRI|
|1965–1967||Ignacio Lepe Munguía||PRI|
|1968–1970||Javier de la Torre López||PRI|
|1971–1973||José Luis Toscano||PRI|
|1974–1976||J. Jesús Ávalos Enríquez||PRI|
|1977–1979||Rafael Córdova Díaz||PRI|
|1980–1982||Guadalupe Nava López||PRI|
|1983–1985||Luis Arturo Manzano Cueto||PRI|
|1989–1992||Rafael Córdova Díaz||PRI|
|1992–1995||Pedro Zamora López||PRI|
|1995–1997||José Luis Arias Rodríguez||PRI|
|1998–2000||Arnoldo Zamora Jiménez||PRI|
|2001–2003||Ramón García Velasco||PRI|
|01/01/2004–31/12/2006||José Ángel Delgado Rodríguez||PAN|
|01/01/2007–31/12/2009||José Guadalupe Homar Ledezma Delgado||PRD
|Coalition "For the Good of All"|
|01/01/2010–30/09/2012||Juan Manuel Rubio Pérez||PRI
|Coalition "Alliance for Jalisco"|
|01/10/2012–30/09/2015||Martín Daniel Bacilio||Panal|
|01/10/2015–30/09/2018||Antonio Morales Díaz||PRD|
|01/10/2018–30/09/2021||Luz Elvira Manzano Ochoa||PAN
|Coalition "Jalisco to the Front"|
|01/10/2021–||Antonio Zamora Velazco||MC|
In 2001, Mexico's Secretariat of Tourism launched the Programa Pueblos Magicos in order to recognize towns across the country notable for their cultural and historical importance. Tapalpa was registered as a Pueblo Magico in 2002.
The area is a popular weekend destination for residents of nearby Guadalajara. Countryside cabins are available to rent for the night. There are many excellent outdoor restaurants that specialize in grilled meats.
Valle de los Enigmas, also known as las Piedrotas (Spanish "The Big Stones"), is a popular hiking destination in Tapalpa. It is notable for its large natural monoliths. It is located 4 km north of the city. Zip-lining and horseback riding are popular activities.
- Atala Apodaca (1884-1977), teacher, author, and feminist
- Cipriano Campos Alatorre (1906-1934), teacher, novelist
- Luis Enrique Bracamontes (1923-2003), civil engineer and politician
- Martín Israel Aguilar García (1995-), journalist
- ^ Cana, Marco. "Tapalpa Pueblo Magico". Retrieved 2017-05-03.
- ^ a b c Instituto de Informacion Estadistica y Geografica, Tapalpa Diagnostico del Municipio
- ^ a b c d "Tapalpa | Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco". www.jalisco.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-04-26.
- ^ "Tapalpa y lo que no se dice". EL INFORMADOR (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- ^ "Tapalpa: Una ventana al cielo". www.tapalpaturistico.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-03.
- ^ "El Salto del Nogal, la cascada más alta de Jalisco – DiarioUP". diarioup.com (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- ^ "Tapalpa: Una ventana al cielo". www.tapalpaturistico.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Estado de Jalisco. Tapalpa" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- ^ Samuel Guijarro Magaña. "El Comportamiento Electoral de los Ciudadanos del Distrito XIX Local en Jalisco. Análisis de los resultados electorales de las elecciones federales y locales del periodo comprendido entre 2003 y 2012" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- ^ Instituto Electoral y de Participación Ciudadana de Jalisco. "Listado de Presidentes Municipales Electos 2006" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- ^ "Instituto Electoral y de Participación Ciudadana de Jalisco. Integración de Ayuntamientos 2015-2018. Anexo V. Tapalpa" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 June 2022.
- ^ "Instituto Electoral y de Participación Ciudadana de Jalisco. Integración de Ayuntamientos 2018-2021. Anexo 4. Tapalpa" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 June 2022.
- ^ "Enciclopedia de la literatura en México. Cipriano Campos Alatorre" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 June 2021.