Tapantí National Park
|Tapantí National Park|
Waterfall seen from the visitor observatory
Location within Costa Rica
|Area||58,323 hectares (583.23 km2)|
|Established||February 1, 1982|
|Governing body||National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC)|
Tapantí National Park, sometimes called Orosí National Park, is a National Park in the Pacific La Amistad Conservation Area of Costa Rica located on the edge of the Talamanca Range, near Cartago. It protects forests to the north of Chirripó National Park, and also contains part of the Orosí River. The area known as Macizo de la Muerte was added to the park on January 14, 2000.
The park covers 12,500 acres (5,058 ha) and two life zones—lower montane rainforest and pre-montane rainforest. These forests provide habitat for some 45 mammal species, including the Baird's tapir, kinkajou, white-faced capuchin monkey, paca, agouti, ocelet, and jaguarundi. The park's 400 bird species include sparrow hawks, resplendent quetzals, emerald toucanets, and violaceous trogons. There are 28 species of reptiles and amphibians, and a large insect population that includes the thysania agrippina, the largest moth on the American continent.
Three new species of Lepanthes orchids were discovered in the park in 2009 and is so far their only known habitat. All three species, L. graciosa, L. machogaffensis, and L. pelvis, are miniature orchids and neither is longer than 5 mm. They were discovered by a team from the Lankester Botanical Garden and the University of Costa Rica.
- "Información General - Parque Nacional Tapantí Macizo de la Muerte" [General Information - Tapantí Macizo de la Muerte National Park] (in Spanish). SINAC. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- Vargas, Alejandra (January 18, 2010). "Halladas 3 nuevas especies de orquídeas miniatura en Tapantí" [3 new species of miniature orchids found in Tapantí]. La Nación (in Spanish).
- Tapantí National Park at Costa Rica National Parks
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