Tapati

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Tapati
AffiliationDevi, River Goddess
AbodeSuryaloka
MantraOm Suryaputri Ma Tapi Namah
SymbolWater
MountFish
Personal information
ConsortSamvarana
ChildrenKuru
ParentsSurya and Chhaya
SiblingsShani, Bhadra, Yami, Yama, Ashvins

Tapati (Sanskrit: तपती, tapatī) is a goddess found in Hindu mythology in Hinduism. She is also known as the goddess of river Tapati, mother-goddess of the south, the home of the southern sun where she brings the heat to the earth. As per the Hindu texts, Tapati was a daughter of Surya (the Sun god) and Chhaya one of the wives of Surya.[1]

Tapati's name literally means the "warming", "the hot one", "burning one".[2][3] It had been said that no one in three worlds could match her in beauty, having perfect features, and severe religious self-discipline.[4] This name is possibly connected to that of the queen of the Scythian gods, Tabiti,[5][6] and it is possible that there was originally a dominant fire goddess in ancient Proto-Indo-Iranian religion.[7]

History[edit]

Tapati is originally mentioned in the Mahabharata two dozen times, as a wife of Samvarana having a son named Kuru (the founder of the Kuru dynasty and the Kuru Kingdom). The story of both the characters has also been found in other Hindu texts such as Srimad-Bhagavatam & Purāṇam. As per texts the Tapati's place of residence was on the banks of river Tapati .[8][9]

In Mahabharata, Arjun asked Gandharva about the origin of the name Tapatya, so the Gandharva said that the sun had a beautiful daughter named Tapati, whom he was concerned to marry off. An early Kaurava king Samvarana worships the sun and was elected as her husband. One day out for hunting the king saw her and fell in love and proposed a marriage but she referred him to her father for his approval.

After that the king started to worship the sun and took the help of sage vasistha and sent him before the sun, vasistha then requested sun to approve the marriage of samvarana and tapati and the sun agreed to it.[10]

Significance[edit]

As per the Hindu texts Tapati was famous for her devotion and neither goddess, nor demon, Apsara and Gandharva equaled her in beauty. It was also said that no one could match her in beauty, disposition or a knowledge of the vedas.[11]

Mode of Worship[edit]

Since the river Tapati was probably named after Tapati, people worship her both in the form of a goddess and as an important river with many qualities in it as per the Hindu texts.[12]

Relatives[edit]

As per the Hindu texts, Tapati has the following relatives Surya as her father and Chhaya as her mother, she was a wife of Samvarana and the mother of Kuru, she was a younger sister of Yami and Bhadra and had two brothers Shani and Yama [13][14]

Representation in art[edit]

There seems to be multiple plays performed on both the legend characters story Kaurava king Samvarana and Tapati such as Tapatisamvarana play, Kuttiyattam drama tradition in Kerala.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hewitt, J. F. History and Chronology of the Myth-Making Age. Рипол Классик. ISBN 9781143716454.
  2. ^ Template:Cite In Egyptology, she is known as "Hatshepsut" from 185th dynasty. She ruled Egypt with great success! book
  3. ^ Coulter, Charles Russell; Turner, Patricia (2013-07-04). Encyclopedia of Ancient Deities. Routledge. ISBN 9781135963903.
  4. ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Chaitraratha Parva: Section CLXXIII". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  5. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 378–379
  6. ^ MacLeod, Sharon (Dec 7, 2013). The Divine Feminine in Ancient Europe: Goddesses, Sacred Women and the Origins of Western Culture. McFarland. p. 116-128.- Retrieved 2018-12-17
  7. ^ J.Harmatta: "Scythians" in UNESCO Collection of History of Humanity – Volume III: From the Seventh Century BC to the Seventh Century AD. Routledge/UNESCO. 1996. pg 182
  8. ^ "Tapati - AncientVoice". ancientvoice.wikidot.com. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  9. ^ "Kuru - AncientVoice". ancientvoice.wikidot.com. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  10. ^ Buitenen, J. A. B. van; Buitenen, Johannes Adrianus Bernardus (1973). The Mahabharata, Volume 1: Book 1: The Book of the Beginning. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226846637.
  11. ^ Historical and Descriptive Account of British India: From the Most Remote Period to the Conclusion of the Afghan War. Oliver & Boyd. 1844.
  12. ^ Singh, Mahesh Prasad; Singh, J. K.; Mohanka, Reena (2007). Forest Environment and Biodiversity. Daya Publishing House. ISBN 9788170354215.
  13. ^ "Tapati - AncientVoice". ancientvoice.wikidot.com. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
  14. ^ Dalal, Roshen (2014-04-18). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin UK. ISBN 9788184752779.
  15. ^ Verma, Archana (2011-01-18). Performance and Culture: Narrative, Image and Enactment in India. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 9781443828321.