Tapishwar Narain Raina
Tapishwar Narain Raina
Padma Bhushan, MVC
|Died||19 May 1980(aged 58–59)|
|Allegiance|| British India
|Service/branch|| British Indian Army
|Years of service||1942– 1978|
|Commands held|| Western Army
114 Infantry Brigade
|Battles/wars||World War II
Indo-Pakistan War of 1965
Indo-Pakistan War of 1971
|Awards|| Padma Bhushan
Maha Vir Chakra
General Tapishwar Narain Raina Padma Bhushan, MVC (1921 – 19 May 1980) was a former Chief of the Army Staff of the Indian Army. He held the office between 1975 and 1978. Later, he served as High Commissioner to Canada. He was a recipient of the third highest civilian honour of India, the Padma Bhushan.
Early life and education
During the Second World War, while serving as a Second lieutenant, Raina was injured in a grenade accident which resulted in the loss of an eye. He had a glass eye in place for the rest of his career in the army.
He served as the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army from 1 June 1975 to 31 May 1978.
During his tenure as the COAS, the central government led by Indira Gandhi declared a state of national emergency in India. Before the imposition of the emergency, it is believed that the Prime Minister asked for the Army's support in the venture, but General Raina bluntly told the Prime Minister that the army would not be used to 'further her ends' but obey only those orders of a 'legally construed government.' . This was considered a crucial moment that kept the Indian Army out of politics at a critical juncture.
Awards and decorations
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Little Known facts about Ludhianvis The Tribune , Dated 25 June 2000
- Fauji Beat The Tribune, Dated 25 November 2003
- "The Courage of 13 Kumaon". Indianexpress.com. 20 Feb 2012.
- "Chief of Army Staff". Indian Army Official Website. 19 Jun 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Obituary to a Hero India Defence
- Militarism in India:The Army and Civil Society in Consensus by Apurba Kundu Archived 30 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- Bio of General Tapishwar Narain Raina on Bharat Rakshak
- Chronological list of Indian Commanders-in-Chief since 1947
Gopal Gurunath Bewoor
|Chief of Army Staff
Om Prakash Malhotra