Tapishwar Narain Raina

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General
Tapishwar Narain Raina
Padma Bhushan, MVC
Gen T N Raina.jpg
Born 1921
Died 19 February 1980(1980-02-19) (aged 58–59)
Allegiance  British India
 India
Service/branch  British Indian Army
 Indian Army
Years of service 1942– 1978
Rank General of the Indian Army.svg General
Unit Kumaon Regiment Insignia.gif Kumaon Regiment
Commands held IA Western Command.jpg Western Army
II Corps
25th Division
114 Infantry Brigade
Kumaon Regiment Insignia.gif 14 Kumaon
Battles/wars World War II
Indo-Pakistan War of 1965
Indo-Pakistan War of 1971
Awards IND Padma Bhushan BAR.png Padma Bhushan
Maha Vir Chakra ribbon.svg Maha Vir Chakra

General Tapishwar Narain Raina Padma Bhushan, MVC (1921 – 19 May 1980) was a former Chief of the Army Staff of the Indian Army. He held the office between 1975 and 1978. Later, he served as High Commissioner to Canada. He was a recipient of the third highest civilian honour of India, the Padma Bhushan.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

He was educated in Ludhiana, where his father, B. N. Raina, had been posted as Head Postmaster.[2] He was married to Marie Antoinette Raina,[3] who was a French woman.

Career[edit]

Raina served with the Kumaon Regiment [4] and was a veteran of the Second World War, as well as the 1962 war and 1971 wars.[5]

During the Second World War, while serving as a Second lieutenant, Raina was injured in a grenade accident which resulted in the loss of an eye. He had a glass eye in place for the rest of his career in the army.

He was the Brigade Commander at Chushul in Ladakh during November 1962. He was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra for his handling of the Battle of Chushul.

Later, Raina became the Brigadier General Staff (BGS) of the XXXIII Corps in West Bengal.[6]

In 1971, Raina was a Lieutenant General, and was the General Officer Commanding of II Corps in the Khulna sector. Raina was awarded the Padma Bhushan for his contributions in the War.

He served as the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army from 1 June 1975 to 31 May 1978.

During his tenure as the COAS, the central government led by Indira Gandhi declared a state of national emergency in India. Before the imposition of the emergency, it is believed that the Prime Minister asked for the Army's support in the venture, but General Raina bluntly told the Prime Minister that the army would not be used to 'further her ends' but obey only those orders of a 'legally construed government.' . This was considered a crucial moment that kept the Indian Army out of politics at a critical juncture.[7]

Raina died on 19 May 1980 in Ottawa, while serving as India's High Commissioner to Canada.[5]

Awards and decorations[edit]

Maha Vir Chakra ribbon.svg Sena Medal ribbon.svg
IND Poorvi Star Ribbon.svg IND Sangram Medal Ribbon.svg
IND 25th Anniversary Independence medal.svg
Padma Vibhushan
Maha Vir Chakra
Sena Medal
Samar Seva Star
Poorvi Star
Special Service Medal
Sangram Medal
Sainya Seva Medal
Indian Independence Medal
25th Anniversary of Independence Medal
20 Years Long Service Medal
9 Years Long Service Medal
1939–1945 Star
Burma Star
War Medal 1939–1945
India Service Medal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  2. ^ Little Known facts about Ludhianvis The Tribune , Dated 25 June 2000
  3. ^ Fauji Beat The Tribune, Dated 25 November 2003
  4. ^ "The Courage of 13 Kumaon". Indianexpress.com. 20 Feb 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Chief of Army Staff". Indian Army Official Website. 19 Jun 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Obituary to a Hero India Defence
  7. ^ Militarism in India:The Army and Civil Society in Consensus by Apurba Kundu Archived 30 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Gopal Gurunath Bewoor
Chief of Army Staff
1975–1978
Succeeded by
Om Prakash Malhotra