Tappan, New York
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|Tappan, New York|
Main Street In Tappan
Location in Rockland County and the state of New York.
|• Total||2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)|
|• Land||2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||46 ft (14 m)|
|• Density||2,400/sq mi (920/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0967057|
Tappan (pronounced tuh-PAN), Indian word meaning "tuphanne" - translation "cold water", is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Orangetown, Rockland County, New York, United States. It is located north of Old Tappan, New Jersey, east of Nauraushaun and Pearl River, south of Blauvelt, and west of Palisades and Sparkill. The population was 6,613 at the 2010 census.
The first Orange County courthouse was built in 1691 in Tappan, though by 1737, sessions alternated between Tappan and Goshen. The first school house in Rockland County was built in 1711 in Tappan. It was used as a school until 1860. There would not be another school in the county until late in the 18th century.
The Orangetown Resolutions were adopted in 1774 at the home and inn of Loyalist Yoast Mabie. The house was a Dutch colonial built by his cousin Casparus Mabie in Tappan when Great Britain increased its taxes on tea and crops, prompting protest from local patriots on Monday, July 4, 1774, two years to the date before the Declaration of Independence. Loyalist Yoast Mabie's home, known as "Mabie's Inn", was the place of confinement in 1780 of British Major John André, who plotted with American General Benedict Arnold to surrender West Point to the British. Today the house is a restaurant, operating daily as The Old 76 House.
General George Washington, who in 1789 became the first president of the United States, used the 1700 DeWint House, Rockland County's oldest existing structure in Tappan, as his headquarters four times between 1780 and 1783, and dined at Mabie's Inn during the American Revolution.
British Major John André, who conspired with Benedict Arnold to allow the takeover of West Point by the British, was captured in Tarrytown on his way back to the British lines with the plans of the fort's fortifications. Major André was brought to Tappan, confined at Mabie's Inn, and brought to trial at the Reformed Church of Tappan; he was found guilty of espionage, hanged, and buried nearby. Agent 355 of the Culper Spy Ring is thought to have played a major role in exposing Arnold and the arrest of Major John André.
Strickland, Major André's executioner, who was confined at the camp in Tappan as a dangerous Tory during André's trial, was granted liberty for accepting the duty of hangman and returned to his home in the Ramapo Valley or Smith's Clove.
Joshua Hett Smith, accused of conspiring with Major André, was also brought to trial at the Reformed Church of Tappan. The trial lasted four weeks and ended in Smith's acquittal.
- Cereo, an early commercially produced baby food, was manufactured in the early 1900s by Macy Deming at the Haring Adams (Deming) House.
- The Tappan Fire Department's 100th anniversary was celebrated on October 13, 2007, with a Mardi Gras-style parade, complete with beaded necklaces and confetti. The Budweiser Clydesdale horses made an appearance.
Tappan is located at (41.025897, -73.951180).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the region has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,757 people, 2,261 households, and 1,887 families residing in the community. The population density was 2,423.0 per square mile (935.1/km²). There were 2,294 housing units at an average density of 822.6/sq mi (317.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.27% White, 1.27% African American, 0.12% Native American, 13.51% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.36% of the population.
There were 2,261 households out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.6% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.5% were non-families. 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the region the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the area was $86,435, and the median income for a family was $91,827. Males had a median income of $57,750 versus $40,707 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $32,811. About 2.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.
- 1700 DeWint House, Oak Tree Road and Livingston Avenue
- Major John Andre Monument, Old Tappan Road and 42 André Hill Road
- General Lafayette, Western Highway and Christine Lane
- Hickory Hill Cooperative, Hickory Hill and Old Tappan roads
- The First Court House, Tappan Green
- Trial of André, 32 Old Tappan Road
- Washington's Camp, Western Highway and Christine Lane
Landmarks and places of interest
- André Monument - André Hill, south of Old Tappan Road, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) west of railroad crossing - Marks the reported site of the execution of Major John André, hanged for espionage. (NRHP)
- The Academy. Built in 1843 as a private school on land leased by the church.
- Bartow-Samett Town House - Built in 1835 by Morris Bartow. Adjacent to The Old 76 House. Probable site of Yost Mabie's house where the Orangetown Resolutions were sign in 1774.
- Bogert-Haring House - Late eighteenth century sandstone house which was home to nine generations of Bogerts and Harings.
- Cardona House - First Rockland County schoolhouse. Built of stone and brick in 1711 on church land and used as a school until 1860.
- 1700 DeClark-DeWint House - 20 Livingston Street - Built in 1700, oldest house in Rockland County. To the northwest and northeast of the front entrance of the 1700 DeWint house are the carriage house and a stone mill. At the rear of house stand seven initialed headstones which came from a nearby property. It is believed these headstones marked where the slaves of that home were buried. (NRHP) Since 1984, in the month of September The Tappantown Historical Society has held Colonial Day featuring Colonial Army re-enactors and Encampment Soldiers. Tour of the DeWint house include ladies and gentlemen in colonial attire preparing for winter. The Carriage House Museum houses local artifacts. On the Dewint House Grounds people in colonial attire demonstrate apple pressing, buttermaking, Sheep shearing, blacksmith and cooper, spinning and other events showing how colonial ancestors lived.
- Haring-Adams House - Built in 1790. Cereo, first baby food, was manufactured by Macy Deming at this location.
- The Manse - Kings Highway & 28 Old Tappan Road - Built of stone in 1726 on land donated by five of the surviving 16 original Tappan patentees, Daniel deClerk, Peter Haring, Johannes Blauvelt, Lambert Smith and Cosyn Haring, the Manse is considered to be the oldest parsonage in continuous use in the United States. Architecture is typical Hudson Valley Dutch colonial, ornamentation on exterior being added later. Restructured 1788; frame wing added about 1830. There is a historical marker at this site. Reverend Samuel Verbryck, friend of George Washington and a founder of Rutgers University, resided here.
- Mabie-Beech House - Built in 1835 by Cornelius Mabie.
- The Old 76 House (Mabie's House)- 110 Main Street. Tavern since the 18th century.
- Reformed Church of Tappan - Kings Highway, 32 Old Tappan Road - Organized as Low Dutch Christian Reformed Church of Tappan 1694, it is the oldest congregation in Rockland County. The present church (third) was built in 1835. The second church, enlarged in 1788, was the scene of Major John André's trial. The church was also used as a prison/hospital after Baylor Massacre in 1778.
- Village Church Green - West of the Reformed Church of Tappan. This site was the first Orange County courthouse until 1798 (Rockland County was a part of Orange County). It was destroyed by fire along with the jail in 1773. The green had a whipping post and stocks, a stray cattle pound and during the American Revolution, a Liberty Pole (flag pole).
- Tappan Tar Barrel Elm site - located in the middle of Oak Tree Road just south of the Sparkill Creek. It was part of the Revolutionary War Alarm System. A flaming tar barrel was to be hoisted to the top of the tree if the British were to approach. It was used just once, in 1783, as a signal that Washington and Carleton agreed to a prisoner exchange and the evacuation of New York. It was cut down in 1953.
- Tappan Library - Built in 1750. Four additions have been added since.
- Tappan Historic District - (NRHP)
- Tappantown Historical Society
In Popular Culture
- Tappan was the filming site in the episode "New Car Smell" of the NBC comedy show, Ed. Ed was getting a kite down for a woman, but got stuck in a tree.
- Tappan was the location of the movie studio of Helen Gardner, who was the first film actor, male or female, to form her own production company. "The Helen Gardner Picture Players" made eleven feature films there between 1912 and 1914.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Tappan CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Raymond, Marcius Denison. David Williams and the capture of André: A paper read before the Tarrytown Historical Society Tarrytown: Argus - 1903 - approx. 35 pp.
- The 76 House- America's oldest Tavern
- The DeWint House
- Tappantown Historical Society
- A Brief History of Rockland County
- Volunteer Fire Association of Tappan
- Rockland Magazine
- The Journal News, the local newspaper
- Old Dutch Reformed Church 200th Anniversary
- I Spy in Tappan