Tapti River

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Tapti (Tapi)
तपती, ताप्ती, तापी, તાપ્તી
Surya Putri
सुर्यपुत्री, સુર્યપુત્રી
River
Country  India
States Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat
Cities Betul, Burhanpur, Bhusawal, Nandurbar, Surat, Sindkheda
Source Multai(Also known as Multapi) near Betul
 - location Satpura Range
Mouth Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)
 - location Dumas, Surat, Gujarat
Length 724 km (450 mi) approx.
Discharge for Dumas Beach
 - average 489 m3/s (17,269 cu ft/s) [1]
 - max 9,830 m3/s (347,143 cu ft/s)
 - min 2 m3/s (71 cu ft/s)

The Tapi River (or Tapti) flows in central India from east to west, between the Godavari and Narmada rivers.[2]

It flows through Surat, and is crossed by the Magdalla ONGC Bridge.[3]

Prakasha Barage on Tapti River, at Prakasha

Name[edit]

Sanskrit तपती.The Tapi River originates in the Betul district from a place called Multai , in Madhya Pradesh state. The Sanskrit name of Multai is Mulatapi, meaning origin of Tāpī Mātā or the Tapti River.[citation needed]

The river is supposedly named after the goddess Tapti, the daughter of Surya Deva, the Sun god, who according to legend founded the Kuru Dynasty when she married King Samvarna.[4]

The Tapi River in Thailand, was named after India's Tapi River in August 1915.[citation needed]

River basin and tributaries[edit]

Tapti river at Haripura in Surat district.

The Tapi River basin encompasses an area of 65,145 km², which is nearly two percent of the total area of India. The basin lies in the states of Maharashtra (51,504 km²), Madhya Pradesh (9,804 km²) and Gujarat (3,837 km²).[citation needed]

The basin lies mostly in the northern and eastern districts Maharashtra state, including Amravati, Akola, Buldhana, Washim, Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, and Nashik districts, but also includes the Betul and Burhanpur districts of Madhya Pradesh and the Surat and Tapi district (Vyara)(named after river tapi)of Gujarat.[citation needed]

List of tributaries[edit]

[citation needed]

The principal tributaries of the Tapti River are the Mindhola River, Girna River, Panzara River, Waghur River, Bori River and Aner River. Other tributaries include:

Places of interest[edit]

New Discovery of Upper Paleolithic Shelter Cave Painting in Tapti Vally in Central India

Major towns along the river include Multai, Nepanagar, Betul and Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh, Bhusawal in Maharashtra and Surat and Songadh in Gujarat.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tapti Basin Station: Kathore". UNH/GRDC. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  2. ^ "Tapi River / Tapti River". mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Truck falls into Tapi River from Magdalla Bridge, driver missing". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Mittal, J.P. (2006). History of ancient India : a new version. New Delhi: Atlantic. p. 412. ISBN 9788126906161. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 


Coordinates: 21°06′N 72°41′E / 21.100°N 72.683°E / 21.100; 72.683