Taqi Arani

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Taqi Arani
Native name تقی ارانی
Born (1903-09-05)September 5, 1903
Tabriz, Iran
Died February 4, 1940(1940-02-04) (aged 36)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Alma mater Berlin Institute of Technology
Criminal charge Marxist sedition

Taghi Arani, (Persian: تقی ارانی‎‎, September 5, 1903 in Tabriz, Iran – February 4, 1940 in Tehran, Iran), was a professor of chemistry, left-wing Iranian political activist, and the founder and editor of the Marxist magazine Donya.[1] He moved to Tehran with his family when he was 4 years old. In 1920, he graduated from Dar ul-Funun School in Tehran and pursued his studies in Germany studying Chemistry at Berlin Institute of Technology. While studying in Germany, he began to study politics as well. Upon finishing his studies, he returned to Iran in 1928 and started Donya Magazine (The World). Many people consider Donya as his most important contribution to modern intellectual life in Iran. In 1938, he and 52 of his colleagues, The Fifty-Three, were arrested and charged with being involved in communist activities.[2] He died (or as some claim, was killed[3]) in jail in February 1940.

Members of the Fifty-Three would go on to found the Tudeh Party in 1941.[4]


  1. ^ Daryaee, Touraj (2012-02-16). The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 352. ISBN 9780199732159. 
  2. ^ Afshari, Reza. "Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran (review)". Human Rights Quarterly. 24 (1): 290–297. ISSN 1085-794X. doi:10.1353/hrq.2002.0001. 
  3. ^ http://www.sarmayeh.net/ShowNews.php?43667
  4. ^ "History of Iran: History of the Tudeh Party of Iran". www.iranchamber.com. Retrieved 2016-05-01.