Tara River Canyon
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
The Tara River Canyon (Montenegrin: Кањон ријеке Таре / Kanjon rijeke Tare, pronounced [kǎɲɔːn târɛː]), also known as the Tara River Gorge, is canyon on the Tara River in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It is 82 kilometers (51 miles) long and the last 36 kilometers constitute the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. The canyon at its deepest is around 1,300 meters (4,300 feet) deep. These parameters make the Tara River Canyon among deepest river canyon in Europe and indeed the world.
The canyon stretch within Montenegro is protected as a part of Durmitor National Park and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Tara River cuts through the canyon.
The Tara River, at its end making confluence with the Piva, becomes the Drina, and is some hundred and fifty kilometers long[clarification needed]. In its passage through the Tara National Park, the river has a mean fall of 3.6 meters/kilometer, making a host of waterfalls and cascades possible, thus creating what is known as the Montenegrin Colorado.
All along its flow, the Tara gets large quantities of water from numerous tributaries. The most important tributaries on the left bank of the Tara are Ljutica and Susica, and the most important tributaries on the right bank are Vaskovaska Rijeka and Draga. The most important source is the source Bajlovica Sige, a source placed on the left bank of the Tara river, giving to the Tara a few hundred liters per second, where the water sourcing from the Bucevica cave falls into the Tara more than thirty metres high, and more than a hundred and fifty meters wide. Very special are the Tara cascades. The roar from the cascades is heard on the very peaks of the canyon. There are more than forty cascades, the most famous being Djavolje Lazi, Sokolovina, Bijeli Kamen, Gornji Tepacki Buk, Donji Tepacki Buk. Because of the quality of its water, and because of its unique ecological system, Tara in 1977 was put into the program “Covjek i biosfera” (Men and Biosphere) and inscribed into the ecological biosphere reservations of the World, being thus protected under an internationally issued convention.
Planned hydroelectric dam
The Bosnian and the Montenegrin government initially had plans to flood the Tara Gorge and construct a hydroelectric dam on the Drina River. However, this plan was abandoned in April 2005 after several successful protests of advocates for the preservation of the canyon. In September 2006, a protocol for cooperation between Slovenian company "Petrol" and Montenegrin company "Montenegro-bonus" was signed, and the building of an electric plant with initial power of 40 or 60 megawatts is planned, despite all efforts to protect the gorge.
The canyon is part of the Tara River rafting route. The one-day rafting route, from Brstnovica to Sćepan Polje, is 11 mi long and it takes 2 to 3 hours. This part of the canyon is the most exciting because the river has the biggest drop in elevation in the shortest length. There are 21 out of 50 rapids in that part of the Tara. The rapids are Brstanovići, Pećine, the very dangerous Celije rapids and Vjernovički rapids. If one decides to go all the way, rafting adventure is 62 mi long. At the beginning one will see the waterfalls of Ljutica, then you will pass under the 541 feet high monumental bridge of Tara. Next thing you can see on this exciting journey is the old Roman road and the Lever Tara. "Funjički Bukovi" and "Bijele Ploče" will make you realise how calm and up to this moment nice Tara becomes a wild beauty. "Nisovo Vrelo" is the deepest part of the canyon (3608 feet high). Further is the bottom of the mountain top, "Curevac" (5413 feet), that rises above Tara as its "eternal guardian" and one of the nicest viewpoints of the Durmitor area.
In 2005 and 2009, the European Championships in Rafting were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Vrbas and Tara rivers.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tara River Canyon.|