|Born||September 30, 1986|
|Occupation||Historian and author|
|Alma mater||Brigham Young University, University of Cambridge|
Tara Westover (born September 27, 1986) is an American memoirist, essayist and historian. Her memoir Educated (2018) debuted at No. 1 on The New York Times bestseller list and was a finalist for a number of national awards, including the LA Times Book Prize, PEN America's Jean Stein Book Award, and two awards from the National Book Critics Circle Award. The New York Times ranked Educated as one of the 10 Best Books of 2018. Westover was chosen by Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of 2019.
Early life and education
Westover was the youngest of seven children born in Clifton, Idaho (population 259) to Mormon survivalist parents. She has five older brothers and an older sister. Her parents were suspicious of doctors, hospitals, public schools, and the federal government. Westover was born at home, delivered by a midwife, and was never taken to a doctor or nurse. She was not registered for a birth certificate until she was nine years old. Their father resisted getting formal medical treatment for any of the family. Even when seriously injured, the children were treated only by their mother, who had studied herbalism and other methods of alternative healing.
All the siblings were loosely homeschooled by their mother. Westover has said an older brother taught her to read, and she studied the scriptures of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. But she never attended a lecture, wrote an essay, or took an exam. There were few textbooks in their house.
As a teenager, Westover began to want to enter the larger world and attend college. She purchased textbooks and studied independently in order to score well on the ACT Exam. She gained admission to Brigham Young University and was awarded a scholarship, although she had no high school diploma. After a difficult first year, in which Westover struggled to adjust to academia and the wider society there, she became more successful and graduated with honors in 2008.
She then earned a Master's degree from the University of Cambridge at Trinity College as a Gates Cambridge Scholar, and was a visiting fellow at Harvard University in 2010. She returned to Trinity College, Cambridge, where she earned a doctorate in intellectual history in 2014. Her thesis is entitled "The Family, Morality and Social Science in Anglo-American Cooperative Thought, 1813–1890".
In 2009, while a graduate student at Cambridge, Westover told her parents that for many years (since age 15), she had been physically and psychologically abused by an older brother. Her parents denied her account and suggested that Westover was under the influence of Satan. The family split over these events. Westover wrote about the estrangement, and her unusual path to and through university education in her 2018 memoir, Educated.
Educated: A Memoir
In 2018, Penguin Random House published Westover's Educated: A Memoir, which tells the story of her struggle to reconcile her desire for education and autonomy with her family's rigid ideology and isolated life. The coming-of-age story was a No. 1 New York Times bestseller, and was positively reviewed by the New York Times, The Atlantic Monthly, USA Today, Vogue, and The Economist, among others.
As of February 2020[update], Educated has spent two years in hardcover on the New York Times bestseller list and is being translated into 45 languages. The book was voted the No. 1 Library Reads pick by American librarians, and in August 2019, it had been checked out more frequently than any other book through all New York Public Library's 88 branches. As of December 2020, Educated has sold more than 8 million copies.
Through their attorney, the family has disputed some elements of Westover's book, including her suggestion that her father may have bipolar disorder and that her mother may have suffered a brain injury that resulted in reduced motor skills. Blake Atkin, a lawyer representing Westover's parents, claims that Educated creates a distorted picture of the parents. Westover has not responded directly to these claims, but according to the book's acknowledgements, prior to publication it was professionally fact-checked by Ben Phelan of This American Life and GQ.
Awards and recognition
Westover's book earned her several awards, and other recognition.
- Named the Book of the Year by the American Booksellers Association
- Finalist for the John Leonard Prize from the National Book Critics Circle
- Finalist for the Autobiography Award from the National Book Critics Circle
- Finalist for the LA Times Book Prize in Biography
- Finalist for PEN/America's Jean Stein Award
- Finalist for the American Booksellers Association Audiobook of the Year Award
- Finalist for Barnes & Noble's Discover Great Writers Award
- One of the New York Times' 10 Best Books of 2018
- Long-listed for the Carnegie Medal of Excellence
- Winner of the Goodreads Choice Award for Autobiography
- Winner of the Audie Award for Autobiography/Memoir
- Alex Award from the American Library Association
- Named an 'Amazing Audiobook for Young Adults' by the American Library Association
- Amazon Editors' pick for the Best Book of 2018
- Apple's Best Memoir of the Year
- Audible's Best Memoir of the Year
- Hudson Group Best Book of the Year
- President Barack Obama's pick for summer reading and his Favorite Books of the Year list
- Bill Gates's Holiday Reading list
- Westover chosen by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of 2019
- Educated named one of the Best Books of the year by The Washington Post, Oprah Magazine, Time, NPR, Good Morning America, The San Francisco Chronicle, The Guardian, The Economist, The Financial Times, The New York Post, The Skimm, Bloomberg, Real Simple, Town & Country, Bustle, Publishers Weekly, The Library Journal, Book Riot, and the New York Public Library.
- Featured speaker, Seattle Arts & Lectures, 2019 
- New York Historical Society Women in Public Life Award
- James Joyce Award
- Evans Handcart Award
- Whitworth, Damian (February 17, 2018). "Review: Educated by Tara Westover — from the Mormon boondocks to a Cambridge PhD". The Times.
- "The 10 Best Books of 2018". The New York Times. 2018-12-05. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
- "Tara Westover: The 100 Most Influential People of 2019". TIME. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
- Bureau, U. S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
- Educated by Tara Westover | PenguinRandomHouse.com.
- "Tara Westover (2018) on her first book, Educated: A Memoir, the 'life of the mind', and the transformative power of education". The Fountain. No. 25. Trinity College, Cambridge. Summer 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via issuu.
- Westover, Tara (2014). The Family, Morality and Social Science in Anglo-American Cooperative Thought, 1813-1890. University of Cambridge.
- Shorenstein Center. "Spring 2020 Shorenstein Fellows". shorensteincenter.org/. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
- Cryer, Dan (23 February 2018). "'Educated' review: Tara Westover's memoir of a childhood with religious extremists, and finding her own voice (book review)". Newsday. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- Davies, Review by Helen (2018-02-04). "Book review: Educated by Tara Westover". ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- Ciabattari, Jane. "Ten books to read in February". Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "The 50 most anticipated books of 2018". EW.com. 2017-12-26. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- MacGillis, Alec (2018-03-01). "She Didn't Own a Birth Certificate or Go to School. Yet She Went On to Earn a Ph.D." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- Jordan, Tina (2018-03-02). "Spinning a Brutal Off-the-Grid Childhood into a Gripping Memoir". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- Hulbert, Ann (2018-02-13). "'Educated' Is a Brutal, One-of-a-Kind Memoir". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
- "In 'Educated,' the inspiring story of an isolated young woman determined to learn". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
- "Tara Westover on Turning Her Off-the-Grid Life Into a Remarkable Memoir". Vogue. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
- "Tara Westover's Educated Is Already Being Hailed as the "Next Hillbilly Elegy"". Vogue. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
- "A riveting memoir of a brutal upbringing (book review)". The Economist. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- "Hardcover Nonfiction Books - Best Sellers - The New York Times". Retrieved 2018-11-29.
- "Curtis Brown". www.curtisbrown.co.uk. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
- Licea, Melkorka (2019-10-26). "Here are New Yorkers' most checked-out library books by borough". New York Post. Retrieved 2020-02-22.
- "Barclay agency profile". barclayagency.com. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- Alexander, Neta (2018-07-03). "The Author Who Only Found Out About the Holocaust in College: How Tara Westover Became 'Educated'". Haaretz. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
- Westover, Tara (2018). Educated : a memoir. New York. p. 331. ISBN 978-0-399-59050-4. OCLC 986898537.
- Glass, Ira (2020-05-04). "We Just Won the First Ever Pulitzer Prize for Audio Journalism!". This American Life. Retrieved 2020-08-28.
- "Benjamin Phelan - Bio, latest news and articles". GQ. Retrieved 2020-08-28.
- "The Best Books of 2018". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
- Cummings, William (August 20, 2018). "'Factfulness' and 'Educated' among the titles on Obama's summer reading list". USA Today. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
- Elkins, Kathleen (2018-12-03). "Bill Gates says these are the 5 best books he read in 2018". CNBC. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
- Gates, Bill. "Educated is even better than you've heard". gatesnotes.com. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
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