Tarai gray langur
|Tarai gray langur|
|Tarai Gray langur at Kilbury Road Nainital|
|Tarai Gray Langur range|
The Tarai gray langur (Semnopithecus hector) is an Old World monkey, and was formerly considered a subspecies of the northern plains gray langur. The species is listed as Near Threatened, as there are probably not many more than 10,000 mature individuals, and it is experiencing a continuing decline.
Distribution and habitat
Tarai gray langurs are native to Bhutan, northern India and Nepal, where they inhabit the Himalayan foothills from Rajaji National Park to southwestern Bhutan. They live in the moist deciduous forest of the Siwaliks, to oak forest in higher altitudes ranging from 150 to 1,600 m (490 to 5,250 ft) in elevation.
Ecology and behaviour
Tarai gray langurs are arboreal, mainly terrestrial, diurnal, folivorous, and occur in multi-male multi-female groups. They have been observed feeding in orchards and crop fields outside of Rajaji National Park.
- Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 174. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.
- Molur, S.; Chhangani, A. (2008). "Semnopithecus hector". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Molur, S., Brandon-Jones, D., Dittus, W., Eudey, A., Kumar, A., Singh, M., Feeroz, M. M., Chalise, M., Priya, P. and Walker, S. (2003) Status of South Asian Primates: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan Workshop Report, 2003. Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.