Tarai gray langur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tarai gray langur[1]
Tarai Grey Langur.jpg
Tarai Gray langur at Kilbury Road Nainital
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Semnopithecus
S. hector
Binomial name
Semnopithecus hector
Pocock, 1928
Tarai Gray Langur area.png
Tarai gray langur range

The Tarai gray langur (Semnopithecus hector) is an Old World monkey, and was formerly considered a subspecies of the northern plains gray langur. The species is listed as Near Threatened, as there are probably not many more than 10,000 mature individuals, and it is experiencing a continuing decline.[2]

It is one of several Semnopithecus species named after characters from The Iliad, along with Semnopithecus ajax and Semnopithecus priam.[citation needed]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Tarai gray langur is native to northern India, Bhutan, and Nepal, and inhabits the Himalayan foothills from Rajaji National Park to southwestern Bhutan. It also lives in the moist deciduous forest of the Siwalik Hills to oak forest ranging from altitudes of 150 to 1,600 m (490 to 5,250 ft).[2]

Ecology and behaviour[edit]

Tarai gray langurs are arboreal, mainly terrestrial, diurnal, folivorous, and occur in multi-male multi-female groups.[3] They have been observed feeding in orchards and crop fields outside of Rajaji National Park.[2]


  1. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 174. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b c d Molur, S.; Chhangani, A. (2008). "Semnopithecus hector". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T39837A10274974. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T39837A10274974.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  3. ^ Molur, S., Brandon-Jones, D., Dittus, W., Eudey, A., Kumar, A., Singh, M., Feeroz, M. M., Chalise, M., Priya, P. and Walker, S. (2003) Status of South Asian Primates: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan Workshop Report, 2003. Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.