Clach Biorach above Paibeil
|OS grid reference||NB025013|
|Gaelic name||Tarasaigh (help·info)|
|Meaning of name||Old Norse for 'Taran's island'|
|Area and summit|
|Area||1,475 hectares (5.7 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||Ben Raah 267 metres (876 ft)|
|Population||Uninhabited since 1974|
|Island group||Lewis and Harris|
|Local Authority||Na h-Eileanan Siar|
Taransay (Scottish Gaelic: Tarasaigh, pronounced [ˈt̪aɾas̪aj]) is an island in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland. It is famous for being the host of the British television series Castaway 2000. Uninhabited since 1974, except for holidaymakers, Taransay is the largest island in Scotland that lacks a permanent population. It is one hectare larger than Scarba, which is also uninhabited.
Taransay lies 2 miles (3.2 km) from the Isle of Harris, separated by a stretch of sea called the Sound of Taransay. It is part of the Harris parish and governed by the Western Isles council. Crossings between the two islands are dependent on calm weather and there are no harbours for large boats on either island. Taransay is 4 miles (6.4 km) long, and, at its widest point, 3 miles (4.8 km) across, covering over 3,500 acres (14 km2) - about 5.7 square miles (15 km2).
Taransay is made up of two 750 ft (230 m) heather-covered hills connected by a white sandy isthmus in the south of the island. It overlooks the bays of Luskyntyre and Seilibost bay to the east, with the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The bays are bordered with sandy beaches and machair dunes.
The area is mostly gneiss, with granite veins. The highest point of the island is Ben Raah (Beinn Ra) at 267 metres (876 ft).
The island hosts a variety of birds, but other vertebrate wildlife is limited to Red deer and mice. In 2003/4, the population of American mink on the island were the subject of an eradication programme in order to protect the rare groundnesting birds. Taransay is however, noted for its flora, with an abundance of wild flowers growing on the island's machair grasslands.
The Isle of Taransay has been inhabited since 300 AD, and probably considerably earlier. Originally home to Celtic pagans, Christianity was established on Taransay around 650 AD. In 900 AD, Taransay was taken over by Vikings when they invaded Scotland. 1544 saw the Massacre of Taransay by the Morrisons of Lewis. Inhabitants from the island of Berneray retaliated against this, forcing the Morrisons to retreat to a rock where they were executed. The rock was later called Sgeir Bhuailte, meaning "smitten rock".
In 1549, Donald Monro wrote of "Tarandsay" that it was:
ane ile of five myle lange, and haffe myle braid, ane rough ile, with certain tounis, weil inhabit and manurit; bot all this fertill is delved with spaides, excepting sa meikell as ane horse pleuch will teill, and zet they have maist abundance of beir, meikel of corn, store, and fishing. It pertains to M’Cloyd of Harrey.
Taransay was once made up of three villages; Raa, Uidh and Paible (Paibeil). Rent increases in 1835 caused a large decrease in the population of Taransay, made worse in 1883 by new orders that cotter households were no longer allowed to keep livestock or grow neither oats nor barley. The island was abandoned in 1942, and then re-inhabited. In 1961 there was only one family of five, the MacRaes living in the village of Paible, who departed in 1974. Taransay remained uninhabited until 2000 when the island was revived in order to host the television programme Castaway 2000. During the uninhabited years, the island had been used as a sheep-farm, run from the Harris mainland.
Evidence that Vikings settled on the island can be derived from its name, as the word is an Old Norse translation of "the Isle of Taran". The island was most probably named after the Irish Saint Ternan (also known as Taran or Torannan, see also Taranis), although another theory, reported by Saint Adomnan of Iona, suggests that Taran may have been the son of a Noble Pictish family.
The village of Paible had two ancient chapels; the chapel of Saint Taran and the chapel of Saint Keith. The former was used for the burial of women, and the latter for men. A traditional myth on the island suggests that if this was reversed, the dead would rise and the bodies would be disinterred. The remains of Saint Keith's chapel can still be identified on the ground, but the site of Saint Taran's was destroyed by coastal erosion some time in the late 1970s.
The island was bought in 1967 by John MacKay, for £11,000. In 2011 his sons Angus and Norman MacKay (then the owners) of the neighbouring island of Harris, placed the island up for sale with an asking price of £2.2 million. Having visited the island several times after the series "Castaway" finished, including spending his Honeymoon there, Ben Fogle expressed an interest in purchasing the island in-order to turn it into a wildlife reserve, but he was unsuccessful. The island was sold to "a local family" within two weeks of being placed up for sale.
Taransay became well known following the BBC show Castaway. The show, organised by Lion Television, featured a group of 36 people marooned on the island for a year starting January 1, 2000. Castaway was broadcast internationally, including to audiences in Germany, America, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The show reached nine million viewers at its peak. The cast was made up of volunteers hand-picked from 4000 applicants. They lived in temporary accommodation built especially for the show, known as 'pods', which were based in the former village of Paible. Existing buildings on the island included a Farmhouse, also called the Mackay house and a School Chalet, which were renovated for the show. Since 2004 these have been available as self-catering holiday cottages for tourist use. According to the BBC website, the aim of the project was to "create a new society for the new millennium".
Unlike the original inhabitants of the island, the "castaways" had access to electricity and a water supply, as well as limited modern conveniences. Of the 36 who joined the show, 29 remained on the island for the whole year, including Ben Fogle who went on to be a presenter for a number of BBC shows, including Countryfile. The show was reported to be a social experiment, focusing on how this group would form a community.
The Pods where the "castaways" lived were inhabited for a year on Taransay and then de-constructed, flat packed and moved to number of locations around Scotland including the island of Muck and Cove Park Arts Centre on the Rosneath peninsula.
From 2001, when the Castaway show ended, Taransay has been a tourist resort, with the buildings being let as holiday accommodation, and boat trips to the island.
The Rocket Post
A fictionalised account of a 1934 experiment by German inventor Gerhard Zucker to provide a postal service to the island of Scarp by rocket mail formed the basis of a 2001 film called The Rocket Post, which was filmed on Taransay.
- Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Haswell-Smith (2004) pp. 278-80
- Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/getamap/. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- John Ross (26 November 2004). "Isles see rise in bird numbers as trappers kill hundreds of mink". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
- Monro (1594) "Tarandsay" No. 189. Translation from Scots: an island of five miles long, and half a mile broad, a rough isle, with certain towns, well populated and fertilised; but all this fertile land is delved with spades, excepting a small area as one horse plough will till, and yet they have most abundance of barley, large amounts of corn, store, and fishing. It pertains to MacLeod of Harris.
- "Castaway island of Taransay sold to locals". Guardian. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Castaway isle of Taransay up for sale Daily Record
- Fogle, Ben (02 Jun 2011). "Ben Fogle: why I want to buy Taransay". Telegraph. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- "Home page" Taransay.com. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
- Pod: Isle of Muck, Inner Hebrides Edo Architecture. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- Cove Park Phase 1 – The Pods Edo Architecture. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "The Rocket Post (2001)"[dead link] Film Hebrides. Retrieved 21 December 2008.
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
- Monro, Sir Donald (1549) Description of the Western Isles of Scotland. William Auld. Edinburgh - 1774 edition.
- The Isle of Taransay: A Harris island in its historical setting. Lawson, Bill (1997). Bill Lawson Publications. ISBN 1-872598-27-7.
- Information for visitors to the island
- Photos of Taransay