Tarare is an opéra (tragédie lyrique) composed by Antonio Salieri to a French libretto by Pierre Beaumarchais. It was first performed by the Paris Opera at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin on 8 June 1787. Salieri also reworked the material into an Italian version retitled Axur, re d'Ormus with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, which opened in Vienna in January 1788.
|Cast||Voice type||Premiere, 8 June 1787
(Conductor: Jean-Baptiste Rey )
|The genius that presides over the reproduction of creatures, or Nature||soprano||Mlle Joinville|
|The genius of fire, which presides over Sun, in love with Nature||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||Louis-Claude-Armand Chardin (stage name, "Chardini")|
|Atar, King of Ormus, a wild and unrestrained man||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||Auguste-Athanase (Augustin) Chéron|
|Tarare, a soldier in his service, honoured for his great virtues||taille (baritenor)||Étienne Lainez|
|Astasie, Tarare's wife, both tender and pious||soprano||Marie Thérèse Maillard|
|Arthénée, High Priest of Brahma, a misbeliever devoured by pride and ambition||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||Martin-Joseph Adrien|
|Altamort, an army general, son of the High Priest, a reckless and fiery youth||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||M Châteaufort|
|Urson, captain of Atar's guard, a valiant man of great honor||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||M Moreau|
|Calpigi, chief of the Eunuchs, a European slave and a former singer emerged from the Chapels of Italy, being sensitive and gay||haute-contre||J. Rousseau|
|Spinette, a European slave woman, Calpigi's wife and a former Neapolitan cantatrice, being meddlesome and coquettish||soprano||Adelaïde Gavaudan, "cadette"|
|Elamir, a boy of the Augurs, being naive and very devout||boy soprano||Joseph-François-Narcisse Carbonel|
|A priest of Brahma||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||M Le Roux "cadet" (the younger)|
|A slave||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||M Le Roux "cadet" (the younger)|
|A eunuch||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||M Le Roux "cadet" (the younger)|
|A shepherdess/A shadow (prologue)||soprano||Anne-Marie-Jeanne Gavaudan "l'aînée"|
|A peasant||basse-taille (bass-baritone)||M Dessaules|
- Amadeus Almanac, accessed March 18, 2010.
- "Tarare di Salieri" at italianOPERA.org, accessed June 10, 2010.
- According to the original libretto.
- This character also appears in the prologue in the form of his/her own shadow.
- Carbonel, a singing student of the Paris Opera, was fourteen when he took part in the premiere of Tarare (Alexandre Choron & François Fayolle (editors), Dictionnaire Historique des Musiciens, Paris: Valade/Lenormant, 1810, I, p. 118, accessible for free online at Internet Archives).
- Le Roux was a member of the Choir included among the tailles (bari-tenors) (cf. composition of the Choirs reported in the original libretto).
- Original libretto: Tarare, Opéra en cinq actes, avec un prologue; Représenté, pour la première fois, sur le Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique, le vendredi 8 Juin 1787, Paris: Delormel, 1787 (accessible for free online at books.google)
- Georges d'Heylli & Fernand de Marescot (editors), Théâtre complet de Beaumarchais. Réimpression des éd. princeps, avec les variantes des ms originaux ..., Paris: Académie des bibliophiles, 1869-1871, IV, pp. 1–171 (accessible for free online at Gallica, Bibliothèque Nationale de France)
- Dizionario dell'opera, page: Tarare, "myword.it"
- The score of Tarare is available at the University of North Texas Music Library.