Tarascan or Tarasca is an exonym and the popular name for the Purépecha culture. It may refer to:
It carries pejorative connotations when referring to the people or their language.
The name "Tarascan" (and its Spanish-language equivalent, "tarasco") comes from the word "tarascue" in the Purépecha language, which means indistinctly "father-in-law" or "son-in-law". The Spanish took it as their name, for reasons that have been attributed to different, mostly legendary, stories.