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Tarbolton Church.JPG
Tarbolton church.
Tarbolton is located in South Ayrshire
Location within South Ayrshire
Population1,900 (mid-2016 est.)[1]
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMauchline
Postcode districtKA5
Dialling code01292
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
55°30′48″N 4°29′12″W / 55.5132°N 4.4866°W / 55.5132; -4.4866Coordinates: 55°30′48″N 4°29′12″W / 55.5132°N 4.4866°W / 55.5132; -4.4866

Tarbolton (Scots: Tarbowton)[2] is a village in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It is near Failford, Mauchline, Ayr, and Kilmarnock. The old Fail Monastery was nearby and Robert Burns connections are strong, including the Bachelors' Club museum.

Meaning of place-name[edit]

Hood's Hill or Tarbolton Motte.

Tarbolton has been suggested as having one of three meanings:

  • Village by the tor or hill, from Old English torr 'tor, hill, cliff' and boðl-tun /bothl-tun "village with buildings, equivalent to Bolton in Greater Manchester. The name was recorded as Torbolten in 1138, suggesting this origin.
  • Village by the field and hill, from Old English torr 'tor, hill, cliff' and bāll 'field (not meaning the same as ball 'ball', i.e. football), as in Dunball, Somerset, with tun 'farm, village'. The name's record in writing as Torballtone in 1209 suggests this origin may be possible.
  • Village by the hill, from Old Gaelic tor, modern Gaelic tòrr, (where the Old English word is derived from, and baile "village, usually Bally- in Irish place-names, with the tautologous Old English tun "farm, village" added by Anglo-Saxon settlers who did not understand the language. Records of the name as Torbalyrtune in 1148 suggest this origin.


Tarbolton is 7 miles (11 kilometres) east-northeast of Ayr, 7 mi (11 km) southwest of Kilmarnock, 5 mi (8 km) West of Mauchline, and 1+14 mi (2 km) from its own now disused railway station. It has a school, church, a gospel hall, a Post Office, two pubs, and is home to the Bachelors' Club, a frequent haunt of Robert Burns. The village is in the Cumnock and Doon Valley (it is strange that Tarbolton falls under South Ayrshire Council when its postcode is KA5 which links to Mauchline, East Ayrshire

The monastery and later castle of Fail existed at the hamlet of that name near Fail Toll. Fail Loch once covered a significant area however it survives now only as an area liable to flooding.

Nearby going towards Failford was the Old Montgomery Castle or Coilsfield House where one of Robert Burns's loves worked.

Tarbolton Primary takes pupils from surrounding farms and from Failford St, a small hamlet north of the village. Its houses are Fail, Afton, Coyle and Montgomery, named after local areas and rivers.

Famous residents[edit]


  1. ^ "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^ Eagle, Andy. "The Online Scots Dictionary".
  3. ^ "Gold rush". The Herald.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Ian McLauchlan, non-executive director". Scottish Rugby website. Retrieved 27 November 2017.

External links[edit]