|Population||1,900 (mid-2016 est.)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Tarbolton (Scots: Tarbowton) is a village in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It is near Failford, Mauchline, Ayr, and Kilmarnock. The old Fail Monastery was nearby and Robert Burns connections are strong, including the Bachelors' Club museum.
Meaning of place-name
Tarbolton has been suggested as having one of three meanings:
- Village by the tor or hill, from Old English torr 'tor, hill, cliff' and boðl-tun /bothl-tun "village with buildings, equivalent to Bolton in Greater Manchester. The name was recorded as Torbolten in 1138, suggesting this origin.
- Village by the field and hill, from Old English torr 'tor, hill, cliff' and bÄll 'field (not meaning the same as ball 'ball', i.e. football), as in Dunball, Somerset, with tun 'farm, village'. The name's record in writing as Torballtone in 1209 suggests this origin may be possible.
- Village by the hill, from Old Gaelic tor, modern Gaelic tòrr, (where the Old English word is derived from, and baile "village, usually Bally- in Irish place-names, with the tautologous Old English tun "farm, village" added by Anglo-Saxon settlers who did not understand the language. Records of the name as Torbalyrtune in 1148 suggest this origin.
Tarbolton is 7 miles (11 kilometres) east-northeast of Ayr, 7 mi (11 km) southwest of Kilmarnock, 5 mi (8 km) West of Mauchline, and 1+1⁄4 mi (2 km) from its own now disused railway station. It has a school, church, a gospel hall, a Post Office, two pubs, and is home to the Bachelors' Club, a frequent haunt of Robert Burns. The village is in the Cumnock and Doon Valley (it is strange that Tarbolton falls under South Ayrshire Council when its postcode is KA5 which links to Mauchline, East Ayrshire
Nearby going towards Failford was the Old Montgomery Castle or Coilsfield House where one of Robert Burns's loves worked.
Tarbolton Primary takes pupils from surrounding farms and from Failford St, a small hamlet north of the village. Its houses are Fail, Afton, Coyle and Montgomery, named after local areas and rivers.
- Alexander Tait, the poet, was a tailor by trade, and lived in Tarbolton for many years. He was a contemporary and critic of Robert Burns of Lochlie Farm and David Sillar of Spittalside Farm.
- Jimmy Hay, who captained Celtic between 1906 and 1911, and Billy Price, who played for Celtic between 1961 and 1964, were from Tarbolton.
- Retired footballer Kris Boyd was also born and raised in the village.
- Another famous resident of Tarbolton was boxing legend Evan Armstrong, who was British Featherweight Champion from 17 September 1973 until 8 July 1974.
- John "Ian" (Mighty Mouse) McLauchlan, a Scottish Rugby Union Footballer from 1969 until 1979, is no longer a resident, but was born and raised in the village.
- Winner of Britain's Got Talent (series 5) 2011, singer Jai McDowall, is also from Tarbolton.
- "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- Eagle, Andy. "The Online Scots Dictionary".
- "Gold rush". The Herald.[permanent dead link]
- "Ian McLauchlan, non-executive director". Scottish Rugby website. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- Media related to Tarbolton at Wikimedia Commons
- Video footage and history of Tarbolton Motte or Hood's Hill
- Video on the poem 'Death and Dr Hornbook'.