|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Tarbolton (Scots: Tarbowton) is a village in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It is near Failford, Mauchline and the same distance bar a few hundreds yards to Ayr and Kilmarnock. The old Fail Monastery was nearby and Robert Burns connections are strong, including the Bachelors' Club museum.
Meaning of place-name
Tarbolton has been suggested as having one of three meanings:
- Village by the tor or hill, from Old English torr 'tor, hill, cliff' and boðl-tun /bothl-tun "village with buildings, equivalent to Bolton in Greater Manchester. The name was recorded as Torbolten in 1138, suggesting this origin.
- Village by the field and hill, from Old English torr 'tor, hill, cliff' and bÄll 'field (not meaning the same as ball 'ball', i.e. football), as in Dunball, Somerset, with tun 'farm, village'. The name's record in writing as Torballtone in 1209 suggests this origin may be possible.
- Village by the hill, from Old Gaelic tor, modern Gaelic tòrr, (where the Old English word is derived from, and baile "village, usually Bally- in Irish place-names, with the tautologous Old English tun "farm, village" added by Anglo-Saxon settlers who did not understand the language. Records of the name as Torbalyrtune in 1148 suggest this origin.
Tarbolton is 7 miles (11 km) east north east from Ayr, 7 miles (11 km) southwest of the town of Kilmarnock, 5 miles (8 km) West of Mauchline and 1 1⁄4 miles (2.0 km) from its own railway station (no longer used). It has a school, church, a gospel hall, a Post Office, 2 pubs, and is home to the Bachelors' Club, a frequent haunt of Robert Burns. The village is in the Cumnock and Doon Valley (it is strange that Tarbolton falls under South Ayrshire Council when its postcode is KA5 which links to Mauchline, East Ayrshire
Nearby going towards Failford was the Old Montgomery Castle or Coilsfield House where one of Robert Burns's loves worked.
Tarbolton Primary takes pupils from surrounding farms and from Failford St, a small hamlet north of the village. Its houses are Fail, Afton, Coyle and Montgomery, named after local areas and rivers.
Boxing legend Evan Armstrong who was British Featherweight Champion from 17 September 1973 until 8 July 1974.
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