Tarchonanthus camphoratus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Tarchonanthus camphoratus04.jpg
Foliage and flower heads, Nature's Valley, South Africa
Tarchonanthus camphoratus CamphorTree South African Strandveld.JPG
Habit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Tarchonanthus
Species: T. camphoratus
Binomial name
Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Synonyms[1]
  • Tarchonanthus abyssinicus Sch.Bip.
  • Tarchonanthus litakunensis DC.
  • Tarchonanthus procerus Salisb.

Tarchonanthus camphoratus (known as camphor bush for its scent, or leleshwa in Kenya), is a shrub or small tree, widespread in Africa south of the Sahel.

Description[edit]

The camphor bush can reach up to 6 meters in height. The twigs and younger stems are white-felted, as are the undersides of the leaves. The upper leaf surface is dark olive-green. Bruised leaves smell strongly of camphor. Tarchonanthus camphoratus is dioecious. Flowers are usually present from December to May (in South Africa), with cream colored panicles on a discoid head. Male flowering heads have several flowers whilst the female has only a few. The fruit is a dense and woolly achene.[2]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Tarchonanthus camphoratus wood is fragrant, close-grained, attractive, durable and rich in aromatic oils. It is used as wood fuel and a source of charcoal.[3][4] It is also used as a traditional building material, in horticulture, and in tribal papermaking. Leleshwa is also a source of aromatic oils[5][6] used as fragrances. Its leaves are used by the Maasai to scent their homes and persons.

Medicinal use[edit]

Tarchonanthus camphoratus is used as a traditional remedy for respiratory illnesses.[7] The species has wide range of local uses, including dental hygiene.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 1 July 2016
  2. ^ Hilliard, O.M. Compositae in Natal. University of Natal Press, 1977. pp. 110-112.
  3. ^ Young, T.P. & C. Francombe (1991). "Growth and yield estimates in natural stands of leleshwa (Tarchonanthus camphoratus)". Forest Ecology and Management. 41: 309–321. doi:10.1016/0378-1127(91)90111-8.
  4. ^ Kennedy, A.D. (1998). "Coppicing of Tarchonanthus camphoratus (Compositae) as a source of sustainable fuel-wood production: an example from Laikipia Plateau, Kenya". African Journal of Ecology. 36: 148–158. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2028.1998.00115.x.
  5. ^ Mwangi, J.W., Achola, K.J.; et al. (1994). "Volatile constituents of the essential oil of Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.". Journal of Essential Oil Research. 6: 183–185. doi:10.1080/10412905.1994.9698351.
  6. ^ Bishay, D.W., Attia, A.A. and Fayed, M.A. (2002). "Flavones and a quaternary alkaloid from Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.". Bull. Pharm. Sci. Assiut Univ. 25 (1): 1–6.
  7. ^ [1] "Tarchonantus Camphoratus Herba", Google Docs.