Tardenoisian

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Tardenoisian
Alternative namesBeuronian
Geographical rangenorthern France, Europe
PeriodMesolithic/Epipaleolithic
Type siteFère-en-Tardenois
Preceded byMaglemosian culture
The Mesolithic
Upper Paleolithic
Mesolithic Europe
Fosna–Hensbacka culture
Komsa culture
Maglemosian culture
Lepenski Vir culture
Kunda culture
Narva culture
Komornica culture
Swiderian culture
Epipaleolithic Transylvania
Mesolithic Transylvania
Tardenoisian
Schela Cladovei culture
Mesolithic Southeastern Europe
Epipaleolithic (Levant)
Levantine corridor
Natufian
Khiamian
Caucasus
Trialetian
Zagros
Zarzian culture
Neolithic

The Tardenoisian (or Beuronian) is an archaeological culture of the Mesolithic/Epipaleolithic period from northern France and Belgium. Similar cultures are known further east in central Europe, parts of Britain.[1] and west across Spain. It is named after the type site at Fère-en-Tardenois in the Tardenois region in France, where E. Taté first discovered its characteristic artifacts in 1885.

Characteristic artifacts differ from earlier industries by the presence of geometric microliths, microburin, scalene triangles, trapezoids and chisel-ended arrowheads and small flint blades made by the pressure-technique. The term is also used for several microlithic industries and sites in northern Italy and Eastern Europe and to distinguish the northern French Tardenoisian sites from the Sauveterrian industry in southern France.[2][3]

The Tardenoisian followed the Ahrensburgian, with which it was paralleled, and lasted from about 8.000 BC until 6.000 in the Neolithic.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ V. Gordon Childe, The Prehistory of Scotland, 1935, p. 20
  2. ^ a b "Mesolithic Culture of Europe" (PDF). Eacharya Inflibnet. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  3. ^ Nicolas Valdeyron. "Sauveterrien et Sauveterriano :unité ou diversité du premier mésolithique en France méridionale et en Italie du nord". Université de Toulouse. Retrieved January 22, 2019.