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Tardiness is the habit of being late or delaying arrival. Being late as a form of misconduct may be formally punishable in various arrangements, such as workplace, school, etc. An opposite personality trait is punctuality.
United States Code
To be at work on time is an implied obligation unless stated otherwise. It is a legal reason for discharge in cases when it is a demonstrable disregard of duty: repeated tardiness without compelling reasons, tardiness associated with other misconduct, and single inexcusable tardiness resulted in grave loss of employer's interests.
If tardiness is minor or without interference with employer's operations, it is not to be legally considered as misconduct.
Characteristics of tardy people
Diana DeLonzor in her book Never Be Late Again: 7 Cures for the Punctually Challenged classified habitually tardy people into 7 categories:
- a "rationalizer" insists on blaming the circumstances instead of acknowledging responsibility for tardiness.
- a "producer" tries to do as much as possible in time available and as a result has difficulties with too tight schedules.
- a "deadliner" enjoys the adrenaline rush during the attempts to beat the time target.
- an "indulger" has little self-control.
- for a "rebel" running late is defying the authority and the rules.
- an "absent-minded professor".
- an "evader" puts a higher priority to their own needs compared to being on time.
There are several stereotypes which associate tardiness with certain categories of people.
African time is the perceived cultural tendency toward a more relaxed attitude to time among Africans both in Africa and abroad. This is generally used in a pejorative and racist sense about tardiness in appointments, meetings, and events, but also includes the more leisurely, relaxed, and less rigorously-scheduled lifestyle found in African countries, especially as opposed to the more clock-bound pace of daily life in Western countries. CP Time (from "Colored People's Time") is a dated American expression similarly referring to a stereotype of African Americans as frequently being late.
Other terms referring to a loose attitude to time include "Hawaiian time" and "island time".
"Fiji Time" is a local saying in Fiji to refer to the slow pace on the island, and is widely used by tourist focused businesses both in advertising and products and souvenirs.
- "Tardy", dictionary entries
- "Misconduct MC 15" California Employment Development Department
- Diana DeLonzor, Never Be Late Again: 7 Cures for the Punctually Challenged, 2003, ISBN 0971649995
- "What is this thing called African Time?". Daily Maverick. 2010-01-21. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
- "Time for Africa to abandon tardy culture to avoid punctuality problems - OP-ED". Globaltimes.cn. 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
- Josh Macabuag. "Adjusting to Africa time - CNN.com". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2014-03-16.
- "Can Africa keep time?". BBC News. 28 October 2003. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Backdrop of poverty to a wealth of nations". The Daily Telegraph. August 26, 2002. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Baratunde Thurston: Black History Month: An Explanation of CP Time by Your Very Delayed Guest Book Editor". Huffingtonpost.com. 2010-02-23. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Nikki Lynette (2009-12-03). ""CP Time": Does my Black race indicate I'll always be late? | Becoming Nikki Lynette". Chicagonow.com. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "A Geography of Time". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "Valerie June On Learning To Love 'Perfectly Imperfect' Voices : The Record". NPR. 2013-08-09. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "The chronically late have their reasons, but the price can be high", By KRISTIN DIZON, SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER REPORTER, November 17, 2003 (retrieved March 25 2016)
- "The 15 things that white people should know about black people". Times LIVE. 2011-10-23. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "Why Black People Time is Folly « FAB BLOG". Fabmagazineonline.com. 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- Black World/Negro Digest - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
- T.J. Holmes (14 March 2014). "Black Stereotype: C.P. Time Is Not a Myth - The Root". The Root. Retrieved 18 March 2015.