Tarek El-Bishry

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Tarek El-Bishry (Arabic: طارق عبد الفتاح سليم البشرى‎‎, IPA: [ˈtˤɑːɾˤeʔ ʕæbdelfætˈtæːħ seˈliːm elˈbeʃɾi]; born November 1, 1933) is an Egyptian thinker and Judge, considered one of Egypt's top legal minds.[1] On February 15, 2011 El-Bishry was appointed by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to head the committee set up to propose constitutional changes in the aftermath of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Cairo. His grandfather, Salim al-Bishri, was shaykh of al-Azhar from 1900–1904 and 1909-1916. His father, 'Abd al-Fattah al-Bishri, was president of the Egyptian Court of Appeal until his death in 1951. His uncle, 'Abd al-'Aziz, was a celebrated writer. He has two sons, 'Imad and Ziyad.

Tariq al-Bishri graduated from the Faculty of Law at Cairo University in 1953. Upon graduation, he was appointed after the Council of State, where he worked until his retirement in 1998. At the time of his retirement, he held the offices of first deputy (Al-na'ib al-awwal) to the Council of State and Chairman of its General Assembly for Legislation and Consultation (Al-jama'iya al-'umumiya lil-fatawa wal-tashri').

El-Bishry was once a secular leftist, but became a prominent "moderate Islamic" political thinker, which gained him respect as a bridge between the movements.[1]

El-Bishry was named in 2008 by Hamdy Kandeel, a prominent Egyptian television and radio personality, as a suitable candidate for the 2011 Egyptian presidential elections, during an interview led by Amr Adeeb.[4]

Works[edit]

He is a prolific writer on questions of law, history, and Islamic and social thought:

  • Al-ʻArab fī muwājahat al-ʻudwān (العرب في مواجهة العدوان).
  • Al-Ḥiwār al-Qawmī-al-Dīnī : awrāq ʻamal wa-munāqashāt al-nadwah al-fikrīyah allatī naẓẓamahā Markaz Dirāsāt al-Waḥdah al-ʻArabīyah (الحوار القومي الديني : اوراق عمل ومناقشات الندوة الفكرية التي نظمها مركز دراسات الوحدة العربية).
  • Al-Ummah fī ʻām : taqrīr ḥawlī ʻan al-shuʼūn al-siyāsīyah wa-al-iqtiṣādīyah al-Miṣrīyah (الأمة في عام : تقرير حولي عن الشئون السياسية والاقتصادية المصرية).
  • Al-Islām wa-al-taṭarruf al-dīnī (الإسلام والتطرف الديني).
  • Miṣr bayna al-ʻiṣyān wa-al-tafakkuk (مصر بين العصيان والتفكك).
  • Al-Qaḍāʼ al-Miṣrī bayna al-istiqlāl wa-al-iḥtiwāʼ (القضاء المصري بين الاستقلال والاحتواء).
  • Ḥarakah al-siyāsīyah fī Miṣr, [1945-1952] (حركة السياسية في مصر [1945-1952]).
  • Al-Malāmiḥ al-ʻāmmah lil-fikr al-siyāsī al-Islāmī fī al-tārīkh al-muʻāṣir (الملامح العامة للفكر السياسي الإسلامي في التاريخ المعاصر).
  • Al-Waḍʻ al-qānūnī al-muʻāṣir bayna al-sharīʻah al-Islāmīyah wa-al-qānūn al-waḍʻī (الوضع القانونى المعاصر بين الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الوضعى).
  • Al-Dīmūqrātīyah wa-al-Nāṣirīyah (الديموقراطية والناصرية).
  • Dawr al-thaqāfah fī taḥqīq al-wifāq al-ʻArabī (دور الثقافة فى تحقيق الوفاق العربى).
  • Al-Jamāʻah al-waṭanīyah : al-ʻuzlah wa-al-indimāj (الجماعة الوطنية : العزلة والإندماج).
  • Manhaj al-naẓar fī al-nuẓum al-siyāsīyah al-muʻāṣirah li-buldān al-ʻālam al-Islāmī (منهج النظر في النظم السياسية المعاصرة لبلدان العالم الإسلامي).
  • Shakhṣīyāt wa-qaḍāyā muʻāṣirah (شخصيات وقضايا معاصرة).
  • Mustaqbal al-ḥiwār al-islāmī al-ʻalmānī
  • Mushkilatān wa-qirāʼah fīhimā (مشكلتان وقراءة فيهما).
  • Saʻd Zaghlūl yufāwiḍu al-istiʻmār : dirāsah fī al-mufāwaḍāt al-Miṣrīyah al-Barīṭānīyah, 1920-1924 (سعد زغلول يفاوض الاستعمار : دراسة في المفاوضات المصرية البريطانية، 1920-1924).
  • Bayna al-Islām wa-al-ʻUrūbah (بين الإسلام والعروبة).
  • Al-Dīmūqrāṭīyah wa-niẓām 23 Yūliyū 1952-1970 (الديمقراطية ونظام ٢٣ يوليو، ١٩٥٢-١٩٧٠).
  • Dirāsāt fī al-dīmuqrāṭīyah al-Miṣrīyah (دراسات في الديمقراطية المصرية).
  • Al-Ḥarakah al-siyāsīyah fī Miṣr, 1945-1952 (الحركة السياسية في مصر، ١٩٤٥-١٩٥٢).
  • Al-Muslimūn wa-al-Aqbāt fī iṭār al-jamāʻah al-waṭanīyah (المسلمون والأقباط في إطار الجماعة الوطنية).
  • Bayna al-jāmiʻah al-dīnīyah wa-al-jāmiʻah al-waṭanīyah fī al-fikr al-siyāsī.
  • Fi al-mas'alah al-Islamiyah al-mu'asirah bayna al-Islam wa al-'Urubah.
  • Māhiyāt al-muʻāṣarah.
  • Shakhṣīyāt tārīkhīyah.
  • Buḥūth muʼtamar miʼawīyat al-Imām al-Bannā : al-mashrūʻ al-iṣlāḥī lil-Imām Ḥasan al-Bannā : tasāʼulāt li-qarn jadīd (بحوث مؤتمر مئوية الامام البنا : المشروع الاصلاحي للامام حسن البنا : تساؤلات لقرن جديد).
  • Ummatī fī al-ʻālam : ḥawlīyat qaḍāyā al-ʻālam al-Islāmī, 1419-1420 H/1999 M (أمتي في العالم : حولية قضايا العالم الإسلامي ١٤١٩-١٤٢٠ ه /١٩٩٩م).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lee Keath; Hamza Hendawi (Feb 15, 2011). "Muslim Brotherhood to form political party, promises not to field candidate for president". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved Feb 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ Egyptian army appoints head of constitution body, Reuters for Al-Masry Al-Youm, February 15, 2011
  3. ^ Ex-judge to head Egypt reform panel, Aljazeera English, February 15, 2011
  4. ^ article, Daily Star Egypt Archived February 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]