Tarikh-i guzida

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The Tarikh-i guzida or Tarikh e Gozideh, (meaning: Excerpt history) (Persian: تاریخ گزیده‎‎) is a compendium of Islamic history from the creation of the world until 1329 (729 AH), written by Hamdallah Qazvini (Khwaja Hamid Ullah Mustaufi)[1][2] and finished in 1330.[3] It was written in a dry simple style and dedicated to Ghiyah al-Din, son of Rashid al-Din.[3]

Content[edit]

The Tarikh-i guzida contains the history of the Islamic world, from the creation of the world up to 1329(729 AH). The introduction includes the creation of the world followed by six sections;[3]

  1. The prophets
  2. Persian Kings before Muhammad
  3. Muhammad and caliphs
  4. Persia and other lands ruled by Muslim dynasties
  5. Poets and scholars
  6. Region and history of Kazwin(Qazvin)

Also mentioned is the Mongol invasion.[4] Qazvini produced a world map in the Tarikh-i guzida which contained meridians.[5] Qazvini declared the Afghans to be Israelites.[3]

Modern era[edit]

The Tarikh-i guzida was very popular and numerous copies existed, of which many were found in European collections.[3] It was partially translated into French in 1903 by Jules Gantin. E.G. Browne published a complete edition in 1910 and an abridged English version in 1913.[1] In 1960, Abd al-Husayn Nava'i published a complete version of the Tarikh-i guzida.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khorezmiĭ, Munis and Muḣammad Rizo Mirob Ėrniëzbek ŭghli Ogaḣiĭ, Yuri Bregel, Firdaws al-iqbāl: History of Khorezm, (BRILL NV, 1999), xxxii.
  2. ^ Haidar, Dughlát Muhammad, The Tarikh-i-rashidi: A History of the Moghuls of Central Asia, (Sampson, Low, Marston & Co., 1895), 151.
  3. ^ a b c d e E.J. Brill's first Encyclopedia of Islam, 1913-1936, ed. M. Th. Houtsma, (BRILL, 1993), 845.
  4. ^ Khorezmiĭ, xxxii.
  5. ^ The History of Cartography: Cartography in the Traditional Islamic and South Asian societies. , Vol.2, Book 1, Edited J. B. Harley and David Woodward, (University of Chicago Press, 1992), 391.
  6. ^ Daftary, Farhad, The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines, (Cambridge University Press, 1990), 671.