|Tariqoo Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah|
Tariq Mahmud Ahmad's Guantanamo portrait ID
|Born||November 2, 1957|
|Detained at||Guantanamo (2002–2016)|
|Charge(s)||Charges dismissed on March 1, 2012.|
|Status||Released in January 2016|
He was charged with war crimes, but those charges were dismissed on March 1, 2012.  According to the Egypt Independent formerly secret documents, drafted by Joint Task Force Guantanamo, and published by the whistleblower organization WikiLeaks in 2011, contradicted the charges al-Sawah had faced.
The Long War Journal reported that al Sawah joined the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in 1981. They reported that he was rounded up in the large round-up of Muslim Brotherhood members following the assassination of Anwar Sadat. The Long War Journal also reported that Al Sawah, was a very skilled bomb-maker, who had been trained by Muhsin Musa Matwalli Atwah, the bomb-maker who developed the bomb used against the USS Cole (DDG-67). They reported he had invented an early model of shoe-bomb in the summer of 2001 and that he developed new models of magnetic limpet-mines.
However, the FBI found that claims of El Sawah's explosive expertise were the result of novice military interrogators jumping to improper conclusions.  Tom Dale, writing for the Egyptian Independent found that there was a "disregard for both fact and coherence on the part of U.S. interrogators." 
It was reported that "much of the information given by Guantanamo detainees was confessed under Pentagon-mandated torture," and in the case of El-Sawah, "several former Guantanamo commanders had indicated that El-Sawah was not a threat and recommended his release." 
The Washington Post reported that Al Sawah and Mohamedou Ould Salahi were held in a separate compound, where they were extended extra privileges, as they had both chosen to cooperate with intelligence officials.
Official status reviews
Originally the Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the "war on terror" were not covered by the Geneva Conventions, and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention. In 2004 the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Rasul v. Bush, that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, and were entitled to try to refute them.
Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants
Following the Supreme Court's ruling the Department of Defense set up the Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants.
Scholars at the Brookings Institution, led by Benjamin Wittes, listed the captives still held in Guantanamo in December 2008, according to whether their detention was justified by certain common allegations:
- Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... are members of Al Qaeda."
- Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... traveled to Afghanistan for jihad."
- Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... took military or terrorist training in Afghanistan."
- Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah was listed as one of the captives who was a foreign fighter.
- Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah was listed as one of "36 [captives who] openly admit either membership or significant association with Al Qaeda, the Taliban, or some other group the government considers militarily hostile to the United States."
- Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah was listed as one of the captives who had admitted "fighting on behalf of Al Qaeda or the Taliban."
However, El-Sawah has long denied that he was ever a member of Al Qaeda, that he traveled to Afghanistan for jihad, that he took part in terrorist training, that he was hostile towards the United States, or that he fought on behalf of Al-Qaeda.  
Habeas corpus petition
Formerly secret Joint Task Force Guantanamo assessment
On April 25, 2011, whistleblower organization WikiLeaks published formerly secret assessments drafted by Joint Task Force Guantanamo analysts. Joint Task Force Guantanamo drafted a fourteen-page assessment of al Sawah, dated September 30, 2008. The memo was signed by camp commandant David M. Thomas Jr. and recommended his "Transfer Out of DOD Control."
Joint Review Task Force
When he assumed office in January 2009 President Barack Obama made a number of promises about the future of Guantanamo. He promised the use of torture would cease at the camp. He promised to institute a new review system. That new review system was composed of officials from six departments, where the OARDEC reviews were conducted entirely by the Department of Defense. When it reported back, a year later, the Joint Review Task Force classified some individuals as too dangerous to be transferred from Guantanamo, even though there was no evidence to justify laying charges against them. On April 9, 2013, that document was made public after a Freedom of Information Act request. Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed Al Sawah was one of the 71 individuals deemed too innocent to charge, but too dangerous to release. Although Obama promised that those deemed too innocent to charge, but too dangerous to release would start to receive reviews from a Periodic Review Board less than a quarter of men have received a review.
Faces charges before a Guantanamo military commission
These charges were later dismissed on March 1, 2012.
El Sawah was represented by Major Sean Gleason, an active-duty Judge Advocate. 
Rosenberg noted that the documents the DoD had published showed wild fluctuations in his body weight.
In March 2013 the Egypt Independent reported that Tariq's lawyers had arranged for Dr. Sondra Crosby, an associate professor of medicine at the Boston University School of Medicine and Public Health, to examine him on two occasions. A letter from Crosby to camp authorities describes his health as at serious risk, due to his morbid obesity. Nevertheless, camp authorities decline to offer him any special treatment, or even to release his medical records.
Release and resettlement
- "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2006-05-15. Works related to List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006 at Wikisource
- Carol Rosenberg (January 21, 2016). "Guantánamo detainee declines release; 2 others sent to Balkans". Miami Herald. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
Margot Williams (2008-11-03). "Guantanamo Docket: Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed al Sawah". New York Times. Retrieved October 2010. Check date values in:
- Carol Rosenberg (2008-12-16). "Pentagon files charges against Bosnian-Egyptian". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
- Military Commissions (2012-03-01). "Tariq El-Sawah charges dismissed on March 1, 2012". Military Commissions. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
Tom Dale (2013-03-06). "Detention continues for last Egyptian in Guantanamo, despite deteriorating health". Egypt Independent. Archived from the original on 2013-03-07.
Detention continues for last Egyptian in Guantanamo, despite deteriorating health
Thomas Joscelyn (2012-08-02). "Egypt requests release of al Qaeda explosives expert". Long War Journal. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26.
Tariq Mahmoud Ahmed al Sawah, a Guantanamo detainee since 2002, became one of the US government's most prolific sources during his time in custody, a leaked Sept. 30, 2008 Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO) memo shows.
- JTF-GTMO (2007-03-16). "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba". Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2008-12-22.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (ordered and consolidated version)". Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas, from DoD data. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-21.
- Dale, Tom (2012-07-22). "Egypt's last Guantanamo detainee in fight for freedom and truth". Egypt Independent.
- Soufon, Ali H. (2011). The Black Banners. Norton, 2011.
- Osman El Sharnoubi (2012-09-11). "11 years after 9/11, Egyptian still languishes in Guantanamo". Ahram Online.
- Peter Finn (2010-03-24). "For two detainees who told what they knew, Guantanamo becomes a gilded cage". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26.
- Dan Taglioli (2012-08-03). "Egypt requests release of its last citizen held at Guantanamo". The Jurist. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26.
"U.S. military reviews 'enemy combatant' use". USA Today. 2007-10-11. Archived from the original on 2012-08-11.
Critics called it an overdue acknowledgment that the so-called Combatant Status Review Tribunals are unfairly geared toward labeling detainees the enemy, even when they pose little danger. Simply redoing the tribunals won't fix the problem, they said, because the system still allows coerced evidence and denies detainees legal representation.
- Benjamin Wittes; Zaathira Wyne (2008-12-16). "The Current Detainee Population of Guantánamo: An Empirical Study" (PDF). The Brookings Institution. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2010-02-16.
- "Pentagon documents on Tarek el Sawah". Department of Defense. 2008-12-16. Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-17.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Benjamin Wittes, Zaathira Wyne (2008-12-16). "The Current Detainee Population of Guantánamo: An Empirical Study". The Brookings Institution. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-06-22. Retrieved 2010-02-16.
Christopher Hope; Robert Winnett; Holly Watt; Heidi Blake (2011-04-27). "WikiLeaks: Guantanamo Bay terrorist secrets revealed -- Guantanamo Bay has been used to incarcerate dozens of terrorists who have admitted plotting terrifying attacks against the West – while imprisoning more than 150 totally innocent people, top-secret files disclose". The Telegraph (UK). Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
The Daily Telegraph, along with other newspapers including The Washington Post, today exposes America's own analysis of almost ten years of controversial interrogations on the world's most dangerous terrorists. This newspaper has been shown thousands of pages of top-secret files obtained by the WikiLeaks website.
- "WikiLeaks: The Guantánamo files database". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
"Tariq Mahmud Ahmad Al Sawah: Guantanamo Bay detainee file on Tariq Mahmud Ahmad Al Sawah, US9EG-000535DP, passed to the Telegraph by Wikileaks". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26.
Health: Detainee is on a list of high-risk detainees from a health perspective but is in overall fair health. Detainee is closely watched for significant and chronic problems
- David M. Thomas Jr. (2008-09-30). "Recommendation for Transfer out of DoD Control (TRO) for Guantanamo Detainee, ISN US9AG" (PDF). Joint Task Force Guantanamo. Retrieved 2011-05-26. Media related to ISN 00535, Tariq Mahmud Ahmad at Wikimedia Commons
- Peter Finn (January 22, 2010). "Justice task force recommends about 50 Guantanamo detainees be held indefinitely". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Peter Finn (May 29, 2010). "Most Guantanamo detainees low-level fighters, task force report says". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Andy Worthington (June 11, 2010). "Does Obama Really Know or Care About Who Is at Guantánamo?". Archived from the original on 2010-06-16. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- "71 Guantanamo Detainees Determined Eligible to Receive a Periodic Review Board as of April 19, 2013". Joint Review Task Force. 2013-04-09. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2015-05-18.
- "Charge sheet against Tarek el Sawah". Department of Defense. 2008-12-16. Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-17.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Ernesto Londoño and Ingy Hassieb (2012-08-03). "Egypt demands release of Guantanamo detainee". Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- For two detainees who told what they knew, Guantanamo becomes a gilded cage The Washington Post, March 24, 2010
- Who Are the Remaining Prisoners in Guantánamo? Part Two: Captured in Afghanistan (2001) Andy Worthington, September 17, 2010