Tarjei Vesaas (20 August 1897, Vinje - 15 March 1970) was a Norwegian poet and novelist. Born in Vinje, Telemark, Vesaas is widely considered to be one of Norway's greatest writers of the twentieth century and perhaps its most important since World War II.
Vesaas spent much of his youth in solitude, seeking comfort and solace in nature. He was guilt-ridden by his refusal to take over the family farm, and this guilt permeates much of his authorship. The destruction he witnessed after World War I made a deep impression on him. He married the writer Halldis Moren Vesaas and moved back to his home district of Vinje in 1934.
His authorship covers almost 50 years, from 1923 to 1970. Written in Nynorsk, his work is characterized by simple, terse, and symbolic prose. His stories are often about simple rural people that undergo a severe psychological drama and who according to critics are described with immense psychological insight. Commonly dealing with themes such as death, guilt, angst, and other deep and intractable human emotions, the Norwegian natural landscape is a prevalent feature in his works. His debut was in 1923 with Children of Humans (Menneskebonn), but he had his breakthrough in 1934 with The Great Cycle (Det store spelet). His mastery of the nynorsk language, landsmål (see Norwegian language), has contributed to its acceptance as a medium of world class literature.
The most famous of his works are Is-slottet (The Ice Palace), a story of two girls who build a profoundly strong relationship, and The Birds, a story of an adult of a simple childish mind, which through his tenderhearted empathy and imagination bears the role of a seer or writer.
A prolific author, he won a number of awards, including the Gyldendal's Endowment in 1943, The Nordic Council's Literature Prize in 1963 for his novel The Ice Palace and the Venice Prize in 1953 for The Winds. He was mentioned as being considered for the Nobel Prize for Literature on three separate occasions (1964, 1968 and 1969). Several of his books have been translated into English – many of them published by Peter Owen Publishers– among them Spring Night, The Birds, Through Naked Branches, and The Ice Palace.
- Dei svarte hestane, novel 1928
- The Great Cycle, Det store spelet, novel 1934
- Women Call Home, Kvinnor ropar heim, novel 1935 (sequel to The great cycle)
- The Seed, Kimen, novel 1940
- House in the Darkness, Huset i mørkret, novel 1945
- The Winds, Vindane, short stories 1952
- Land of Hidden Fires, Løynde eldars land, poetry 1953
- Spring Night, Vårnatt, novel 1954
- The Birds, Fuglane, novel 1957
- The Ice Palace, Is-slottet, novel 1963
- The Bridges, Bruene, novel 1966
- The Boat in the Evening, Båten om Kvelden, novel 1968
- Through Naked Branches: Selected Poems of Tarjei Vesaas, 2000
- Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century, vol. 4, ed. S. R. Serafin, 1999;
- Columbia Dictionary of Modern European Literature, ed. Jean-Albert Bédé & William B. Edgerton, 1980;
- Tarjei Vesaas, Kenneth Chapman, 1970.