Tarkhan (Punjab)

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Regions with significant populations
India and Pakistan
Hinduism • Islam • Sikhism
Tarkhan, carpenter caste of the Panjab - Tashrih al-aqvam (1825)

The Tarkhan is a group of peoples commonly found in the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. They are traditionally carpenters by occupation.[1]

The Hindu Tarkhans are generally identified as Khatis or Suthar, following the Vishwakarma community of India.[2]

According to the 1921 census of India, which may not be reliable, some Tarkhan Sikhs owned large areas of land and, in some cases, whole villages.[3] Tarkhan Sikhs are among those groups identified as Ramgarhias, after the Misl leader Jassa Singh Ramgarhia.[4] Despite Sikhism generally rejecting the caste system, it does have its own very similar socio-economic hierarchy and in that the Ramgarhias, of which the Tarkhans are a part, now rank second only to the Jat Sikhs.[5]


  1. ^ McLeod, W. H. (2000). Exploring Sikhism: Aspects of Sikh Identity, Culture and Thought. Oxford University Press. p. 214. ISBN 978-0-19-564902-4.
  2. ^ Atal, Yogesh. Sociology: A Study of the Social Sphere. Pearson Education India. p. 242. ISBN 978-8-13179-759-4.
  3. ^ Sharma, Subash Chander (1987). Punjab, the Crucial Decade. Nirmal Publications. p. 114. ISBN 978-8171561735.
  4. ^ Cole, W. Owen (2005). A Popular Dictionary of Sikhism: Sikh Religion and Philosophy. p. 70. ISBN 1135797609.
  5. ^ Childs, Peter. Encyclopaedia of Contemporary British Culture. p. 270. ISBN 1134755546.