Tarlabaşı is a neighbourhood in the Beyoğlu district in Istanbul, Turkey stretching from Taksim Square and Talimhane in the north to Tepebaşı in the south. It is bordered on the east side by the four-lane Tarlabaşı Bulvarı and by Dolapdere Caddesi on the west.
On Tatli Badem ("Sweet Almond') Street, there is a museum dedicated to the Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz who died here of cholera in 1855. His body in 1855 was transported to France (Montmorency) and then - in 1890 - to Poland (Cracow), where he was finally buried.
In the 1990s, large numbers of Kurdish immigrants from southeastern Turkey moved into Tarlabaşı mixing in with the local Romani population. More recently, it has become the home to many migrants from neighbouring countries and Africa. The neighborhood is home to a sizable transgender community as well.
Tarlabaşı is about 20,000 square metres, consisting of 9 blocks and 278 plots, in Tarlabaşı were declared a regeneration area by the government in February 2006 following a petition from the local municipality. The recently released renewal law for the Protection of Deteriorated Historic and Cultural Heritage through Renewal and Re-use, forms the basis of the renewal process in Tarlabaşı as well as in many other neighbourhoods within the historic city.