Tarlac State University

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Tarlac State University
Pambansang Pamantasan ng Tarlac
Tarlac State University Seal.png
Former name
Tarlac College of Technology (TCT)[1]
Type Public
Established 1906[1]
Budget 245 million (2015)[2]
Chairperson Ruperto S. Sangalang[3]
President Myrna Q. Mallari[4]
Academic staff
255 full-time faculty[5]
Administrative staff
112 administrative & support,
921 university personnel[5]
Students 15,967 (2014)[6]
Location Romulo Boulevard, Tarlac City, Philippines
Coordinates: 15°29′6″N 120°35′15″E / 15.48500°N 120.58750°E / 15.48500; 120.58750
Campus Urban
1.2 ha (Main Campus)
10 ha (Lucinda Campus)
8 ha (San Isidro Campus)
Hymn TSU Hymn[7]
Colors Maroon, Golden Yellow
         
Athletics SUC-III Olympics
Nickname TSU Firefox
Affiliations AACCUP
PASUC
UCLAA
PSC
SCUAA
Website tsu.edu.ph
Wordmark of Tarlac State University.png

Tarlac State University (also referred to as TSU; Filipino: Pambansang Pamantasan ng Tarlac) is a chartered public university located in Tarlac City, Philippines.[8] Established in 1906, it is the flagship academic institution of higher learning in the province offering different degree programs through its ten colleges and three campuses.[1][9]

Providing one hundred years of educational service to the people of Tarlac and the Central Luzon region, TSU started as an elementary trade school progressing to a secondary school. Later, it became a collegiate technical school and then a full-fledged state college, the Tarlac College of Technology.[10] On October 13, 1989, it was converted into a state university by virtue of Republic Act No. 6764.[11]

Tarlac State University sits on a Level III-A status awarded by the Joint Committee of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) in recognition of its excellent instruction, active involvement in research programs and community-wide extension services.[12] Most of its curricular programs are accredited by the Accrediting Agency of Chartered Colleges and Universities in the Philippines (AACCUP).[13][14] In 2013, the university acquired its ISO 9001:2008 Certification for provision of technical assistance, consultancy and training for the implementation of community development, industry development, and extension support services program.[15]

It is mandated to provide advanced instruction in literature, philosophy, the sciences, and the arts, and also to offer professional and technical training courses.[16] To enhance the academic sector, the syllabi of the various course subjects adopted the outcomes-based education (OBE) format prescribed by CHED.

TSU is the first university among other State Universities and Colleges (SUC) with a government authority to conduct Transnational Education Programs.[17] It has established international linkages with a number of colleges and universities in Asia.[18]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Tarlac State University was established in the same time that public education was developed in the Philippines. Its origin could be traced as early as 1906 as one of the trade schools offering industrial and vocational courses in selected regions. This was in pursuit of the American colonial government's policy of laying the groundwork for a western-oriented educational system in the country.[19]

By 1909, under the auspices of the provincial government and the Provincial High School, the school began to accept secondary students.

In 1909, TSU, then the Tarlac Trade School, began to open its doors to high school students. By 1921, it had evolved into a full-fledged secondary school. From 1931 up to the start of World War II, it was annexed to Tarlac High School.[1]

After the war in 1946, it was separated from Tarlac High School, and in 1959, the Congress of the Philippines approved House Bill 1006 converting the Tarlac Trade School into the Tarlac School of Arts and Trades (TSAT) which began to offer collegiate technical education courses with Manuel Espinosa as its first superintendent.[20]

In 1965, TSAT obtained its status as a state college by virtue of Republic Act 4337. It was converted into the Tarlac College of Technology (TCT) and merged with the Tarlac National Agricultural School in Camiling, Tarlac.[21] From 1965 to 1972, Mario Manese served as its first president, introducing teacher education and engineering as new courses.[22]

Jack Smith became the president in 1972. TCT's Institute of Agriculture was made into a separate state college in 1974 to be known as the Tarlac College of Agriculture, now Tarlac Agricultural University. The college underwent expansions under his administration, including the acquisition of a ten-hectare land in Barangay Binauganan known today as the Villa Lucinda Campus which became the site of the Laboratory School, College of Education, and a ground for different agricultural and industrial projects.[19]

University era[edit]

Ernesto Cosme was designated as the officer in charge in September 1984, eventually becoming the TCT's last president. It was during his administration that Republic Act No. 6764 was signed into law by former President Corazon Aquino on October 13, 1989, converting TCT into Tarlac State University (TSU). This was made possible through the sponsorship of Congressmen Jose Cojuangco, Jr., Jose Yap, and Hermie Aquino.[11]

Tarlac College of Technology was converted to Tarlac State University by virtue of R.A. 6764 in 1989.

On August 8, 1990, the university's Board of Regents (BOR) appointed Alejandro Fernandez, formerly a professor in the University of the Philippines, as the first president of TSU. During this time, TSU was able to acquire its eight-hectare lot for a third campus in San Isidro under a 50-year lease contract with the provincial government. Upon the end of the term of Fernandez, Graduate School Dean Priscilla Viuya was appointed as OIC from February 28 up to mid-September 1994.[1]

Rodolfo Baking, a former professor at Technological University of the Philippines, was appointed as the second president in September 1994. His administration focused on upgrading the academic standard of the institution and additional curricular offerings. In December 1996, the board designated Dolores Matias, Vice-President for Academic Affairs, as the officer in charge where she steered the university into attaining its visions and missions of offering relevant quality education to the people of Tarlac and its neighboring provinces. Matias was appointed as the third university President by the BOR on March 25, 1998. In 2001, a streamlined organization structure made and implemented as soon as Matias assumed into office resulted in a functional and revitalized university organization.[23]

Priscilla Viuya, Vice-President for Academic Affairs during Matias' term, became the fourth University President starting from March 26, 2006. As president, she has taken steps to introduce new programs and build a stronger international profile. These measures were linked closely to the university's vision of maintaining a culture of excellence in instruction and research by promoting quality higher education programs for people empowerment and professional development.[1]

In 2013, the university became involved in a diploma mill issue through its transnational education (TNE) program. There were reports that a high-ranking university official in Hong Kong plagiarized a doctoral thesis to acquire a post-graduate degree from TSU. This caused the Deputy Ombudsman for Luzon to order top officials of the university to reply to a graft complaint following the issue.[24][25]

Myrna Q. Mallari was appointed by the Board of Regents as the fifth President of Tarlac State University on March 31, 2014.[26]

Campuses[edit]

Tarlac State University has one main campus and two satellite campuses within the vicinity of Tarlac City and an international joint institute in Hong Kong. The ten colleges were divided into three campuses to control the student population of the university. Its main campus, with the smallest land area, houses five colleges, San Isidro Campus houses three colleges, and Lucinda Campus houses two colleges.

Main Campus[edit]

The Ninoy Aquino Hall located at the Main Campus

Five of the colleges that the university instituted (College of Engineering, College of Business and Accountancy, College of Arts and Social Sciences, College of Law, and College of Human Kinetics) are on the Main Campus. The Dr. Mario Manese Gymnasium or well known as TSU Gym, where large events in the university and in the province are usually held, is located here, along with the Administration Building, Main Library, and Business Center. Apart from the buildings and offices, there are places in the campus where students can hang around such as Heroes Park in front of the College of Arts and Social Sciences building, and a student center located on the College of Engineering grounds.[27]

The university main campus is a 1.2-hectare property located along Romulo Boulevard, San Vicente, Tarlac City near Diwa ng Tarlak.[1] Most of the public utility vehicles in Tarlac pass through the campus which provides students an easy access to its location.[28]

The place where the College of Computer Studies building is located was the site of the Casa Real of Tarlac which once became an office of the late President Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine–American War. It is now recognized as a historical site by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.[29]

Lucinda Campus[edit]

On August 17, 2012, the Jose V. Yap Library located at the Lucinda Campus was inaugurated.

The Villa Lucinda Campus is located in Brgy. Binauganan, Tarlac City, 3 kilometers away from the Main Campus. It has a total area of 10 hectares and houses the College of Education, College of Science, and the Laboratory School.[1] Due to the campus' spacious area, several offices and buildings were built here such as the University Hostel, Alumni Center, Hon. Jose V. Yap Library, and other structures.[27] The activities of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) are also being performed within the campus.

The TSU Hostel was established in 2008 and started out as a venue for the practical training of Hotel and Restaurant Management students and for other university activities. As it developed over the years, it soon became a second home and school to foreign students, and was then made popular by its guests to cater to business and personal affairs.[30]

Since the location of the campus lacks in transportation services, the university provides authorized shuttle vehicles for the students where they pay a fixed amount of price, as well as for the students from San Isidro Campus.

San Isidro Campus[edit]

TSU San Isidro Campus is situated on an eight-hectare property in Brgy. San Isidro, Tarlac City, some 2 kilometers away from the Main Campus. It houses the College of Computer Studies, College of Architecture and Fine Arts, and College of Technology.[1]

Academics[edit]

With the present population of over 16,000[6] students enrolled in different programs, the university is envisioned to be an institutional model for its culture and excellence in higher education. It offers a total of 66 courses through its ten colleges. Recently, it started its Bachelor of Laws program (LL.B.) in cooperation of Integrated Bar of the Philippines (Tarlac Chapter).[31] The university also offers degree programs to international students. A number of students from USA, China, Hong Kong, Korea, and India have attended and graduated from TSU.[32]

Tarlac State University was recognized as one of the state universities and colleges in the country with the most number of curricular programs granted with Accreditation Status by the Accrediting Agency of Chartered Colleges and Universities in the Philippines (AACCUP).[33]

College founding
College Year founded
College of Technology 1906
College of Education 1965
College of Engineering 1969
College of Business and Accountancy 1978
College of Architecture and Fine Arts 1984
College of Computer Studies 1996
College of Arts and Social Science 2000
College of Science 2000
College of Public Administration 2005
College of Law 2007

Colleges[edit]

  • College of Business and Accountancy
  • College of Education
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Arts and Social Sciences
  • College of Law and Criminal Justice Education
  • College of Architecture and Fine Arts
  • College of Computer Studies
  • College of Public Administration
  • College of Science
  • College of Technology

Laboratory School[edit]

The main building of the university's Laboratory School

Tarlac State University - Laboratory School (commonly referred to as Lab School or TSU-LS) was a secondary school in Tarlac City founded in 1985. It was officially under the College of Education, serving as a training ground for the practice teachers of the university. Its old building, now occupied by BS Criminology students, is located at Lucinda Campus in Binauganan, Tarlac City along with the College of Education and College of Science.

TSU-LS was known in the province for the academic and athletic repute of its students. It had received several awards from different competitions during its active years, one of which was its title as the regional champion in National Cheerleading Championship in Central Luzon.

In 2005, a proposition suggesting to stop the operation of Laboratory School was raised due to the inability of the provincial government to support it, but this was not implemented and the school continued to operate. However, after over 10 years, the decision was finalized in accordance with a resolution of the university’s board of regents despite of strong oppositions from students, parents, and teachers of the school.[34] In April 2016, the last commencement ceremony of the school was held with Norbina Genever Castro as the last principal.[35]

Culture and student life[edit]

Student organizations[edit]

Student organizations in Tarlac State University were established for the purpose of providing opportunities to undergraduate students to explore and enhance their academic, cultural, political, spiritual, and social interests as students and as a part of the institution. These are an important component of the university as they play a great role to the life of its students.

The highest student body in the university is the Supreme Student Council (SSC) which is administered by student leaders guided by the university administration. It is composed of a president, vice president, and five senators. The elected president will serve as a member of the university's Board of Regents for the whole term. In every college, there are also College Student Councils (CSC), headed by a governor, that provide voluntary service to the students.

One of university's distinguished organizations is the TSU Performing Arts which has achieved national and international recognition over the past years. Its Dance Troupe yearly participates in the International Folklore Festival, while its TSU Chorale competes in national competitions and even in abroad. In March 2016, TSU Dance Troupe won in World Artistic Dance Federation-European Championship in Moscow.[36]

Student organizations are under the administration of the Office of Student Affairs (OSA).

Cover page of the 2014 magazine issue of The Work

Publication[edit]

The predominant media outlet on campus is The Work, a student-run newspaper and the official student publication of the university. The Work circulates its regular issue at least four times in an academic year and its literary folio, Obra, once per year. Formed in 1948, it is one of the leading student publications in the region with numerous awards from different journalism competitions. It is a member of the College Editors Guild of the Philippines (CEGP).[37] TSU Bulletin, on the other hand, is published occasionally by the Office of Public Affairs and Information (OPAI) supplemented by an online edition on the university website.[38]

In addition, each college runs its own student publication. The Blaze, Educators' Gazette, and other college publications usually release their regular issue every semester.

Athletics[edit]

TSU participates in SUC-III (State Universities and Colleges in Region III) Olympics annually. Most of the delegates are winners from the university intramurals. Those who win in the regional level qualify for State Colleges and Universities Athletic Association (SCUAA) National Olympics. Moreover, TSU Firefox, the university cheerleading team, has been consistently qualifying to the National Cheerleading Championship (NCC) lately. In 2013, it clutched the third place in Cheerleading category under elite division.

One of the priorities of the university is its athletes. The institution provides scholarship grants to the athletes who win gold, silver, and bronze medal during regional and national tournaments as exchange for their contribution to the university's achievements.

Intramurals[edit]

Tarlac State University holds its university intramurals every academic year where representatives from all colleges compete in different types of sports. Before, it was scheduled as a five-day event in the university, but in 2015, the administration changed it to a month-long event. Major sport events during intramurals include cheerleading, basketball, soccer, volleyball, and dance sports.[39]

During opening ceremony, the university gymnasium reaches its full capacity as hundreds of students show their support to their respective colleges and athletes which eventually became a practice.

Foundation week[edit]

As a significant part of TSU's tradition and history, Foundation Week was established as a week of celebration, remembrance, and honoring of what the university has achieved over the years. Among the traditions that are practiced during the week are street dance paradse and showdowns, lantern making contests, search for Festival King and Queen, organizations' Olympics, annual service awarding ceremony, and different booths and exhibits.

In 2006, TSU commemorated its 100 years of service to the people of the province and the region. Its centennial anniversary marks its firm foundation as an institution which first introduced as a simple trade school in 1906. In 2014, TSU celebrated its Silver Anniversary as a state university and its 108th Foundation Celebration.[40]

Administration[edit]

Tarlac State University is administered by the 12 members of its Board of Regents. Ruperto S. Sangalang, CHED commissioner, is the chairperson and presiding officer of the board. Officials assigned by the government, the university president, presidents of the faculty and personnel union, alumni association, and student council, and representatives from private sector are the other members composing the board.[3] The board has the power to prescribe rules for its own government and to enact for the government of the university such rules and regulations not contrary to law, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes and functions of the university.[41]

The institution, including all its campuses, is headed by the university president. The president is assisted by four vice presidents—for academic affairs, administration and finance, research and extension services, and institutional linkages and external affairs.[4]

Tarlac State University Presidents
Name Term[22]

Mario Manese 1965–1972
Jack Smith 1972–1984
Ernesto Cosme 1984–1990
Alejandro Fernandez 1990–1994
Rodolfo Baking 1994–1996
Dolores G. Matias 1998–2006
Priscilla C. Viuya 2006–2014
Myrna Q. Mallari 2014–Present

University key officials[edit]

  • President
Myrna Q. Mallari
  • Vice Presidents
Lolita V. Sicat, Academic Affairs
Lorna L. Dimatulac, Administration and Finance
Glenard T. Madriaga, Research and Extension Services
Louella F. Ona, Institutional Linkages and External Affairs

Research, Extension and Development[edit]

In 2006, with the start of the administration headed by the University President, Priscilla C. Viuya, the Office of the Vice President for Planning, Research, Extension and Training (VP-PRET) was under the helm of Brigido Corpuz. The offices under the VP-PRET were the Planning and Development Office, University Research Office, University Extension Office, Office of the Alumni Affairs, Center for Tarlaqueño Studies, Institute of Local Government Administration, and the University Training Office.

On February 15, 2008, Glenard Madriaga was designated as the new Vice President for PRET in lieu of the designation of Corpuz as Vice President for Production. Moreover, the name of the office was changed to Vice President for Research, Extension and Development (VP-RED) when the organizational structure of TSU was revised and approved on August 2008 by the BOR. With the changes was the transfer of the PDO under the Office of the University President and the UTO to the Office of Production. The rest of the offices were retained while new ones were attached namely the Gender and Development and Intellectual Property Office.

The Vice President for Research, Extension and Development focused on fulfilling the mandates of each of the attached office. Some programs, projects and activities were planned and implemented that would accent the comparative advantage of the university. In fact, good reviews were reported by the University Planning Office on the accomplishments of offices under the VP-RED.[19]

Affiliations[edit]

Membership[edit]

Recognition[edit]

  • Royal Institution's Accredited University
  • Accredited Programs in Graduate Studies, Engineering, Education, Business and Accountancy, Computer Studies, Architecture, Arts and Social Sciences, Technology, and Chemistry by the Accrediting Agency of Chartered Colleges and Universities in the Philippines (AACCUP)
  • Center of Development in Electrical Engineering
  • State Universities and Colleges (SUC) Level 3A
  • One of the Philippine Educational Institutions recognized by the People's Republic of China
  • Accredited by the Bureau of Immigration of the Philippines to accept foreign students[5]
  • Listed in the International Association of Universities (IAU) database[43]

International partnership[edit]

Tarlac State University has shown its effort to globalize as it continually develops its alliance with foreign universities and colleges.[44]

Listed below are some of the university's global partners:

Notable people[edit]

Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III

People associated with Tarlac State University include government officials, faculty members, businessmen, and honorary award recipients.[45]

Hon. Benigno Simeon Aquino III, the 15th president of the Philippines, is an honorary alumnus of the university.[46] He was conferred a Doctor of Humanities degree (honoris causa) by TSU on May 14, 2015 at the Malacañang Palace for his "distinguished political career and service to the Filipino people as Representative of the Second Legislative District of Tarlac Province in the House of Representatives from 1998 to 2007, Senator of the Philippine Senate, 14th Congress of the Philippines from 2007 to 2010, and as Fifteenth President of the Republic of the Philippines starting 2010."[47]

Government officials who attended the university include Dr. Vicente R. Vicmudo, regional director of NIA. He acquired his master's degree in Public Administration from Tarlac State University in 1993 with distinction as an outstanding graduate.[48] Hon. Amado De Leon, a Filipino politician who served as a board member of Tarlac Province and councilor of Tarlac City.[49] Dr. Philip B. Ibarra, the fourth president of Tarlac College of Agriculture in Camiling, Tarlac who received Civil Service Commission (CSC) Pagasa Award in 2008 for his masterful stewardship of the college's human capital.[50][51]

It also produced successful businessmen like Engr. Eric Jude Soliman, the CEO and founder of Hytec Power, Inc., a hydraulic equipment supplier located in Quezon City, Metro Manila.[52]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of Tarlac State University" (PDF). Tarlac State University Annual Report. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "General Appropriations Act, FY 2015 (State Universities and Colleges)" (PDF). Official Gazette. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Tarlac State University Administration" [Board of Regents]. Tarlac State University. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Tarlac State University Administration" [Officials]. Tarlac State University. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d "University Profile". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "State Universities and Colleges Statistical Bulletin" (PDF). Commission on Higher Education. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "University Hymn". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "State Universities and Colleges in the Philippines". Official Gazette. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Colleges of Tarlac State University". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  10. ^ Office of International Affairs. "A Brief History of Tarlac State University". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence Databank" [Republic Act No. 6764]. Arellano Law Foundation. Retrieved 14 August 2015. An act converting the Tarlac College of Technology into a state university to be known as the Tarlac State University (TSU) and authorizing the appropriation of funds 
  12. ^ "University Annual Reports (2009)" (PDF). Tarlac State University. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "HCMI Education". HCMI Education International. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Accreditation Status Granted to TSU". Accrediting Agency of Chartered Colleges and Universities in the Philippines, Inc. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "ISO 9001:2008 Certification". Tarlac State University Extension Services Office. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "Mandate of the University" [University Charter Section 2, RA 6764]. Tarlac State University. Retrieved 17 August 2015. Section 2. The University shall provide advanced instruction in literature, philosophy, the sciences, and the arts, and shall also offer professional and technical training courses. 
  17. ^ Office of Public Affairs and Information. "TSU Granted Authority to Operate Transnational Programs". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  18. ^ "Tarlac State University International Linkages". Office of International Affairs. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  19. ^ a b c "Brief History of TSU" (PDF). Tarlac State University. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "Republic Act No. 2427". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  22. ^ a b "List of Administrators". The Library of the Collective Human Record. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  23. ^ "About TSU: History". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  24. ^ Orejas, Tonette. "Answer graft raps, university execs told". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  25. ^ Cheung, Karen. "University officials accused of plagiarism, running diploma mill". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "TSU sits new President". The Work Volume 65 No. 4. March 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  27. ^ a b "Campus Tour". Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  28. ^ "Transportation in Tarlac Province". Lakad Pilipinas. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  29. ^ Chua, Michael Charleston. "Casa Real of Tarlac". Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  30. ^ "The University Hostel". Tarlac Province Portal. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  31. ^ "TSU offers Bachelor of Laws program". Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  32. ^ "Office of International Affairs". Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  33. ^ "Tarlac State University Accreditation Status". Office of Public Affairs and Information. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  34. ^ Hubierna, George. "Tarlac school prexy assailed for closing school". Punto Central Luzon. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  35. ^ "Laboratory School shuts down". The Work Volume 67 No. 4. April 2016. 
  36. ^ "Tarlac State University Dance Troupe wins in Moscow Dance Competition". Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  37. ^ "About College Editors Guild of the Philippines". College Editors Guild of the Philippines. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  38. ^ "University News Archives". Tarlac State University OPAI. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  39. ^ "TSU Olympiad marks mythical history". The Work Flash Issue. October 2015. 
  40. ^ "TSU Foundation Celebration". Office of Public Affairs and Information. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  41. ^ "University Charter: Section 4(a)". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 10 August 2015. To prescribe rules for its own government, and to enact for the government of the University such rules and regulations not contrary to law, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes and functions of the University 
  42. ^ "Association of Universities of Asia and the Pacific". Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  43. ^ "UNESCO Online Database". Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  44. ^ "International Linkages". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
  45. ^ "Tarlac State University Alumni Achievers". Tarlac State University. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  46. ^ "Conferment Ceremony for the Degree of Doctor of Humanities" (PDF). Tarlac State University. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  47. ^ Gutierrez, Natashya. "Aquino receives doctorate in humanities". Rappler. Retrieved 14 May 2015. The Tarlac State University confers the degree on President Aquino for making the people the foremost stakeholders in the development plans and reform programs. 
  48. ^ "National Irrigation Administration Bicol Region". Vox Bikol. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  49. ^ "Amado Santos De Leon". Provincial and Congressional Officials. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  50. ^ "Pres. Arroyo to confer 'Pagasa' awards to top civil servants". Subic News Link. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  51. ^ "CSC honors Central Luzon heroes in government". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  52. ^ "Hytec Power Incorporated". Hytec Power, Inc. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 

External links[edit]