Tarn Taran district
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Tarn Taran district
Shri Tarn Taran Sahib
Location in Punjab, India
|Named for||The boat that takes one across (the ocean of existence)|
|Headquarters||Tarn Taran Sahib|
|• Administrator of District||Harmesh Singh Pabla|
|• Total||2,414 km2 (932 sq mi)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Tarn Taran district is one of the districts in the Majha region of Punjab, India. The main cities are Tarn Taran Sahib, Bhikhiwind, Khadur Sahib and Patti. The City of Taran Taran is a holy place for Sikhs.
Tarn Taran district was formed in 2006 out of Amritsar District. The declaration to this effect was made by Captain Amarinder Singh, Chief Minister of Punjab, during the celebrations marking the martyrdom day of Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. With this, it became the 19th district of Punjab. It has four tehsils, which are Bhikhiwind, Patti, Khadur Sahib and Tarn Taran. The District Headquarters is headed by the Deputy Commissioner, along with a Senior Superintendent of Police, the Additional District and Sessions Judge, the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Civil Surgeon, district Education Officer, Improvement Trust and a Municipal Council.
According to the 2011 census Tarn Taran district has a population of 1,119,627 out of which more than 93% people are Sikhs. The population of the district is roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island. This gives it a ranking of 413th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 464 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.28%. Tarn Taran has a sex ratio of 898 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 69.4%.
Sikhism is followed by majority of the people in the Tarn Taran district. Hinduism is followed by a minority of the population. 
There is no commercial airport in the district. The nearest airport is Amritsar International Airport. Direct International flights are available to key cities around the world in the likes of London, Birmingham, Dubai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Doha, Tashkent and Ashgabat. Domestic connections are available to almost every major city of India.
The rail network provides good connectivity across the district. Amritsar-Khemkaran and Beas-Tarn Taran railway lines pass through Tarn Taran district. Tarn Taran Junction railway station provides cross connectivity between these two lines. A new project of rail line from Patti to Makhu has been approved by railways since 2013 but not started till date due to delay by state govt. on land acquisition.
The district is well connected through national highways to rest of Punjab state and nationally. Following national highways pass through the district.
- National Highway 54
- National Highway 354
- National Highway 703B
- National Highway 703AA (Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Marg).
Towns and villages
The villages and towns of Tarn Taran District include:
Darazke, Saidpur, Chela, Bhagwanpura, Pahuwind, Veeram, Khalra, Mari Megha
- Deepak Dhawan
- Nizam Lohar, 19th century heroic rebel of the Punjab
- Mohan Singh Tur, former Jathedar of Akal Takht, Amritsar and Member of Lok Sabha.
- Prem Dhillon, Punjabi singer and artist
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Cyprus 1,120,489, July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
Rhode Island 1,052,567
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Tarn Taran district District Religion Census 2011". Retrieved 24 April 2021.
- "Patti-Makhu rail link hanging fire for 7 years". The Hindustan Times. 22 June 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
- "Kapurthala-Taran Taran road declared as NH- 703 A A named as Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Marg". All India Radio News. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
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