Taro Takemi (武見 太郎 Takemi Tarō, August 7, 1904 – December 20, 1983) was a Japanese physician who served as 11th President of the Japan Medical Association for 25 years from 1957 to 1982, and also served as President of the World Medical Association from 1975 to 1976.
Takemi completed his M.D. in 1930 from Keio University School of Medicine. He went to RIKEN to study the application of nuclear physics to medicine under Yoshio Nishina who was a famous physicist in Japan. He built the first portable electrocardiograph in 1937, and was also known for his invention of the vectorcardiograph in 1939. Also a medical researcher, he patented several laboratory processes, and was a member of the research and survey team which investigated effects of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945.
He became a clinician in Ginza, Tokyo in 1939, and served as a visiting professor at Keio, Kitasato, and Tokai universities in Japan, and advised the Japan Science and Technology Agency. In 1982, he was appointed a visiting professor at the Harvard School of Public Health, but was unable to fulfill the commitment due to illness. He died in Tokyo in December 1983.
The Takemi Program in International Health at the Harvard School of Public Health was established in 1983 and is named after him. The Takemi Memorial Hall was established by the Japan Radioisotope Association in Takizawa, Iwate in 1989.
Takemi received numerous honors and awards include the following:
- Order of the Southern Cross
- Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
- Italian Order of Merit
- Silver Medal from Pope Paul VI
Notes and references
- Dr. Taro Takemi | Takemi Program in International Health | Harvard School of Public Health
- Yamagishi, Takakazu. (2011). A Short Biography of Takemi Taro, the President of the Japan Medical Association. Journal of the Nanzan Academic Society Social Sciences (1), 49-56.
- Japan Medical Association - Cooperation with Harvard University
- "武見記念館のご案内" Information of the Takemi Memorial Hall (in Japanese)