Tarrant, Alabama

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Tarrant
City
Tarrant is located in Alabama
Tarrant
Tarrant
Location in Alabama.
Coordinates: 33°35′15″N 86°45′58″W / 33.58750°N 86.76611°W / 33.58750; -86.76611
Country United States
State Alabama
County Jefferson
Area
 • Total 6.4 sq mi (16.6 km2)
 • Land 6.4 sq mi (16.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 6,285
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 35217
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-74976
Website http://www.cityoftarrant.com/

Tarrant is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States, southeast of Fultondale. At the 2010 census the population was 6,397. It is home to the ABC Coke plant owned by the Drummond Company, "the largest single producer of foundry coke in the U.S.".[2]

Geography[edit]

Tarrant is located at 33°35′15″N 86°45′58″W / 33.58750°N 86.76611°W / 33.58750; -86.76611 (33.587546, -86.766219).[3]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles (17 km2), of which 6.4 square miles (17 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.63%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 734
1930 7,341 900.1%
1940 6,833 −6.9%
1950 7,571 10.8%
1960 7,810 3.2%
1970 6,835 −12.5%
1980 8,148 19.2%
1990 8,046 −1.3%
2000 7,022 −12.7%
2010 6,397 −8.9%
Est. 2015 6,210 [4] −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[6]

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,022 people, 2,896 households, and 1,922 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,104.7 people per square mile (426.3/km²). There were 3,277 housing units at an average density of 515.5 per square mile (198.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.14% White, 18.73% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,896 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,380, and the median income for a family was $32,392. Males had a median income of $30,015 versus $22,215 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,149. About 14.9% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,397 people, 2,307 households, and 1,520 families residing in the city. The population density was 999.5 people per square mile (385.4/km²). There were 2,804 housing units at an average density of 438.1 per square mile (168.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.3% Black or African American, 39.0% White, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 9.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,307 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.1% were married couples living together, 29.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.1 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,385, and the median income for a family was $30,938. Males had a median income of $25,451 versus $25,521 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,990. About 25.0% of families and 30.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

A contest was held to name the new town in 1915. Several people suggested Tarrant in honor of Benjamin Tarrant, who had lived in this community most of his life. Other sources claim the city was named for Felix I. Tarrant, President of National Cast Iron Pipe Company, which built the first major industrial plant in the area in 1912.[7] On August 17, 1918 Tarrant became an incorporated city. Its first mayor was George Washington Thomason. The first census was taken in 1920 and gave Tarrant City a population of 734. From its incorporation until the 1980s, the community went by Tarrant City until it was shortened to Tarrant by the 1990 U.S. Census.[8]

Economy[edit]

The town is home to the ABC Coke plant owned by the Drummond Company.[2] According to Forbes, it is "the largest single producer of foundry coke in the U.S.".[2]

Notable people[edit]

  • Jimmy Bryant, singer, arranger, and composer
  • James D. Martin, a politician and Representative in the United States House of Representatives

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tarrant has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°35′15″N 86°45′58″W / 33.587546°N 86.766219°W / 33.587546; -86.766219