|Tarrant Monkton shown within Dorset|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Tarrant Monkton is a village and civil parish in north Dorset, England, situated in the Tarrant Valley about 4 miles (6.4 km) ENE of Blandford Forum. Within the parish boundary, sited 1.5 miles over hills to the west, lies the major part of Blandford Camp army base. In the 2011 census the parish—including the army base—had a population of 1,986. The village is centred on the All Saints Parish Church, opposite which is the Langton Arms, a public house and restaurant.
Evidence of prehistoric human activity within the parish includes three round barrows, traces of a possible Iron Age or Romano-British settlement, a 180 metres (200 yd) long dyke on the SW edge of the army camp and a linear dyke on Luton Down. The barrows previously numbered thirteen; ten others were destroyed after the construction of the army camp in 1914. The Roman road between Badbury Rings and Bath also passed through the parish.
In 1086 in the Domesday Book Tarrant Monkton was recorded as Tarente, and by 1280 it was Tarent Moneketon, the latter part of the name – derived from the Old English manne and tan – referring to ownership by the monks of Tewkesbury Abbey. The Domesday entry states that Tarente had 28 households, 8 ploughlands, 35 acres (14 ha) of meadow and one mill. It was in Pimperne Hundred and the lord and tenant-in-chief was Cranborne Abbey.
The Tarrant Valley was agriculturally prosperous in the early 19th century due to high wheat prices and low labour costs. Wealthy farming squires built large farmhouses that survive to this day, though their workers often lived in mud-walled cottages that, according to Dorset-born broadcaster and agriculturist Ralph Wightman, "were no more improvable than old pigsties", and these generally have not survived.
Until the end of the 19th century the neighbouring parish of Tarrant Launceston was part of Tarrant Monkton parish. All Saints parish church is built of flint and ashlar and has a chancel dating from around 1400, and a 15th-century nave and west tower, though the building was substantially altered in the 18th century and in 1873.
Tarrant Monkton parish—including the army base—is in The Lower Tarrants electoral ward, which also extends south to Tarrant Keyneston. The ward had a population of 3,302 in the 2011 census and is part of the constituency of North Dorset, which is currently represented in the UK parliament by the Conservative Simon Hoare.
Measured directly, Tarrant Monkton village is about 4 miles (6.4 km) ENE of Blandford Forum, 10 miles (16 km) SE of Shaftesbury and 12 miles (19 km) NNW of Poole. The parish, which covers just over 2,000 acres (810 ha), is based on chalk, at an altitude of about 45 to 115 metres (148 to 377 ft). All of the parish is within the Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB).
In the 2011 census Tarrant Monkton civil parish had 417 dwellings, 400 households and a population of 1,986. 1.8% of residents were age 65 or over (compared to 16.4% for England as a whole).
- "Tarrant Monkton". Dorset OPC. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- "'Tarrant Monkton', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 4, North (London, 1972), pp. 107–110". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- David Mills, ed. (2011). A Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. p. 450.
- "Place: Tarrant [Monkton]". Open Domesday. domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- North Dorset District Council (1982). North Dorset Official District Guide. Home Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 51.
- Wightman, Ralph (1983). Portrait of Dorset (4 ed.). Robert Hale Ltd. p. 119. ISBN 0-7090-0844-9.
- "The Lower Tarrants". ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Dorset North Parliamentary constituency". Election 2015. BBC. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Bartholomew (1980), 1:100,000 National Map Series, Sheet 4 Dorset, ISBN 0-7028-0327-8
- Ordnance Survey (2013), 1:25,000 Explorer Map, Sheet 118 Shaftesbury & Cranborne Chase, ISBN 978-0-319-24123-3
- "Cranborne Chase & West Wiltshire Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty" (PDF). ccwwdaonb.org.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- "Area: Tarrant Monkton (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "Area: Tarrant Monkton (Parish). Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Area:Tarrant Monkton (Parish). Age Structure, 2011 (KS102EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "Village Hall". tarrantmonkton.wordpress.com. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
Media related to Tarrant Monkton at Wikimedia Commons