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For other uses, see Tart (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with torte.
Blueberry tart.jpg
Main ingredients Pastry crust (usually shortcrust pastry)
Variations Sweet tarts, savoury tarts
Cookbook: Tart  Media: Tart

A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry; the filling may be sweet or savoury, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard. Tartlet refers to a miniature tart; an example would be egg tarts. Examples of tarts include jam tarts, which may be different colours depending on the flavour of the jam used to fill them, and the Bakewell tart.

The categories of 'tart', 'flan', 'quiche' and 'pie' overlap, with no sharp distinctions. The French word tarte can be translated to mean either pie or tart, as both are mainly the same with the exception of a pie usually covering the filling in pastry, while flans and tarts leave it open.[1] Tarts are also typically free-standing with firm pastry, thick filling, and perpendicular sides while pies may have softer pastry, looser filling, and sloped sides, necessitating service from the pie plate.[2][3] The Italian crostata, dating to at least the mid-15th century, has been described as a "rustic free-form version of an open fruit tart".[4]

Early medieval tarts generally had meat fillings, but later ones were often based on fruit and custard.[5]

Tarte Tatin is an upside-down tart, of apples, other fruit, or onions.

Savoury tarts include quiche, a family of savoury tarts with a mostly custard filling; German Zwiebelkuchen 'onion tart', and Swiss cheese tart made from Gruyere.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Davidson: s.v. 'tart'
  2. ^ "Pie or Tart: What's the Difference". Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  3. ^ "Pie vs. Tart: What's the Difference?". Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  4. ^ Corley: 2011. Page 129.
  5. ^ Davidson: s.v. 'tart'


  • Corley, Dinah (2011). Gourmet Gifts: 100 Delicious Recipes for Every Occasion to Make Yourself & Wrap with Style. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 9781558324350. 
  • Davidson, Alan. The Oxford Companion to Food. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Tarts at Wikimedia Commons