Tartar, Switzerland

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This article is about a Swiss commune. For other uses, see Tartar (disambiguation).
Tartar
Former municipality of Switzerland
Coat of arms of Tartar
Coat of arms
Tartar is located in Switzerland
Tartar
Tartar
Tartar is located in Canton of Graubünden
Tartar
Tartar
Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°25′E / 46.717°N 9.417°E / 46.717; 9.417Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°25′E / 46.717°N 9.417°E / 46.717; 9.417
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
Area
 • Total 1.58 km2 (0.61 sq mi)
Elevation 995 m (3,264 ft)
Population
 • Total 168
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Postal code 7422
SFOS number 3667
Surrounded by Cazis, Masein, Portein, Präz, Sarn
Website www.tartar.ch
SFSO statistics

Tartar is a former municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2010 the municipalities of Portein, Präz, Sarn and Tartar merged into the municipality of Cazis.[1]

History[edit]

Tartar is first mentioned around 1290-98 as in Tartere.[2]

Geography[edit]

Tartar had an area, as of 2006, of 1.6 km2 (0.62 sq mi). Of this area, 51.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 38% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. Tartar is located on the lower Heinzenberg mountains at an elevation of 994 m (3,261 ft). It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) village of Tartar made up of the sections of Oberschauenberg, Valeina, Pro Biet and the farm house group of Foppa. The municipalities of Portein, Präz, Sarn, and Tartar merged on 1 January 2010 into the municipality of Cazis.

Demographics[edit]

Tartar had a population (as of 2007) of 168, of which 4.8% are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -4%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.6% male and 49.4% female.[4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tartar is; 17 people or 10.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 14 people or 8.9% are 10 to 14, and 7 people or 4.4% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 14 people or 8.9% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 13.3% are 30 to 39, 23 people or 14.6% are 40 to 49, and 22 people or 13.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 20 people or 12.7% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 10 people or 6.3% are 70 to 79, there are 8 people or 5.1% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 1.3% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 53.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (16.8%), the CVP (15.3%) and the FDP (14.5%).[3]

In Tartar about 67.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Tartar has an unemployment rate of 1.05%. As of 2005, there were 7 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 2 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 9 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1808 108
1850 170
1900 146
1920 206
1950 188
2000 158

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.5%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.9%) and Romansh being third ( 0.6%).[3]

Languages in Tartar
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 98 93.33% 144 89.44% 154 97.47%
Romanish 6 5.71% 4 2.48% 1 0.63%
Italian 0 0.00% 4 2.48% 3 1.90%
Population 105 100% 161 100% 158 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz, Mutationsmeldungen 2009 / Répertoire officiel des communes de Suisse, Mutations 2009 / Elenco ufficiale dei Comuni della Svizzera, Mutazione 2009 (PDF) (Report). Federal Statistical Office. 2009. nden. Retrieved 6 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Tartar in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 08-Oct-2009
  4. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]