Tartar sauce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tartar sauce
Tartar Sauce.jpg
Tartar sauce is often served with various fried seafood dishes.
Alternative namesTartare sauce, tartare
TypeSauce
Place of originFrance
Main ingredientsMayonnaise, capers, gherkins (or other varieties of pickles), lemon juice and sometimes tarragon

Tartar sauce (French: sauce tartare; also spelled Tartare sauce in the UK, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and other parts of the Commonwealth) is a condiment primarily composed of mayonnaise and finely chopped capers. Tartar sauce can also be enhanced with the addition of gherkins, other varieties of pickles, and lemon juice as well as herbs such as dill and parsley.

It is most often used as a condiment with seafood dishes such as clam strips, fried oysters, fish and chips, fish sandwiches, and fish fingers, among many other dishes.[1]

Composition[edit]

Tartar sauce is based on either mayonnaise (egg yolk, mustard or vinegar, bitartrate, oil) or aioli (olive oil, garlic), with certain other ingredients added. In the UK, recipes typically add to the base capers, gherkins, lemon juice, and dill. US recipes may include chopped pickles or prepared green sweet relish, capers, onions (or chives), and fresh parsley.[1] Chopped hard-boiled eggs or olives are sometimes added, as may be Dijon mustard and cocktail onions.[2] Paul Bocuse described sauce tartare explicitly[3] as a sauce remoulade,[4] in which the characterising anchovy purée is to be replaced by some hot Dijon mustard.

History and etymology[edit]

Polish tartar sauce on a Swedish supermarket shelf

Ultimately, tartar sauce gets its name from the Golden Horde, Mongols who invaded Europe in the 13th century, who were known to the locals as Tartars. This name comes from confusion over their allies the Tatars, because of whom the Europeans called Mongolia Tartary. This misnomer came from associating the name Tatar with the Greek mythological hell known as Tartarus.

The Mongols brought a tradition of finely minced meat, often eaten raw. That style of raw, minced meat made its way to Russia, then Hamburg, then the US with German immigrants. There it became known as Hamburg steak, a raw minced beef patty with onions and bread crumbs. This travelled back to Europe as steacke à l'Americane, but as the novelty wore off gradually came to be known as steak tartare, and the sauce used on it as tartar sauce.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Isabella Graham Duffield Stewart; Mary B. Duffield (1878). The Home messenger book of tested receipts. Detroit: E. B. Smith & Co. p. 31. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  2. ^ Louisette Bertholle; Julia Child; Simone Beck (2001). Mastering the Art of French Cooking. 1. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-95817-4. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  3. ^ Paul Bocuse, La cuisine du marché, 1976
  4. ^ Bocuse describes the Remoulade just previous Sauce Tartare as a standard mayonnaise (egg yolks, vinegar, oil) with additional chopped capers, gherkins and herbs and some anchovy purée

External links[edit]