Tartu Ülikool 350
|Tartu Ülikool 350|
|Elevation||6,258 m (20,531 ft) |
|Parent range||Pamir Mountains|
|First ascent||August 1982|
Tartu Ülikool 350 (English University of Tartu 350, Russian Тартуский университет 350 лет) is a mountain peak in Central Pamir. It was first reached in 1982 to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the founding of the University of Tartu. It is located in the Tanimas mountain range in Tajikistan. At the time of first ascent it was considered to be the highest unreached peak in the territory of the former Soviet Union.
The summit has been reached twice, on 3 August 1982 (group Kalev Muru, Kalle Hansen, Anu Kallavus, Andres Paris, Jaan Künnap and Kalle Aedviir), and on 31 July 2012 (group Andres Hiiemäe, Erik Jaaniso, Marko Aasa, Priit Rooden, Merili Simmer, Kristjan-Erik Suurväli, Tõnu Põld, Priit Simson, Priit Joosu, Sven Oja).
It was first thought to rise to 6,350 meters, hence its suitability to commemorate the 350th anniversary of the university, but according to the GPS-measurements made on the second ascent in 2012 the peak was actually found to be 6,258 m high.
At the time of the first conquest it was one out of five peaks in Soviet Union that was named after a university and the highest of them.
The peak is located at two weeks distance from the nearest inhabited area. Near to it there is also a 6,277-meter high Mt. J.F. Parrot that is named after Friedrich Parrot, who was a physics professor and a rector at the University of Tartu and who is considered the pioneer of scientific mountaineering.
Among the things left on the top of the peak there are a plaque, a traditional university cap and the university flag.
Photos by Jaan Künnap from 1982 expedition:
- "Mäekuningad jõudsid tagasi koju". Tartu Ekspress. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Andres Hiiemäe: Ülikooli mäetipu vallutuse raske tee Universitas Tartuensis (in Estonian)
- Brief (unofficial) History of Mountaineering and Climbing Sport in Estonia, History of "Firn" Included Firn (version from May 2013)
- Inga Külmoja: Remote Peak Named after Tartu Conquered Again University of Tartu Blog, August 24, 2012
- Mountaineers From Estonia to Rise to University of Tartu, Parrot Peaks estonia.eu, 13 July 2012
- Enn Saar: "Pamiiri südames" Horisont, October 1982 (in JKAlpiklubi webpage)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tartu Ülikool 350.|
- Remote Peaks Named after Tartu to Be Climbed Again ERR, 7/9/2012
- Images from the first ascent 1982 Tartu Ülikooli juubeliekspeditsioon / Firn
- "Pamiiri ekspeditsiooni materjalid" (Materials from Pamir expedition) Firn
- Enn Saar: Expedition report on the conquest of the peak in 1982 (in Russian)