Tarucus balkanicus

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Balkan Pierrot
Tarucus balkanicus.jpg
From Mersin, Turkey
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Lycaenidae
Genus: Tarucus
Species:
T. balkanicus
Binomial name
Tarucus balkanicus
(Freyer, 1885)[1]
Synonyms
  • Lycaena balkanica Freyer, 1843
  • Tarucus balkanica var. areshana Bethune-Baker, [1918]
  • Tarucus callinara f. nigra Bethune-Baker, [1918]
  • Tarucus frivaldszkyi Aigner-Abafi, 1906
  • Tarucus clorinda Verity, 1938

Tarucus balkanicus, the Balkan Pierrot or little tiger blue, is a small butterfly that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family. It is found in Mauritania, Niger (the Aïr region), Sudan (Khartoum), Uganda, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, North Africa, the Balkans, western Asia, parts of central Asia and in India. The habitat consists of very arid savanna.[2]

The larvae feed on Ziziphus species.

Subspecies[edit]

  • T. b. balkanicus (Mauritania, Niger: Aïr region, Sudan, Uganda, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Algeria, south-eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Middle East, Syria, Iran, North Africa)
  • T. b. areshana Bethune-Baker, [1918] (Kopet-Dagh)
  • T. b. alternatus Moore, 1882 (Ghissar, Darvaz)
  • T. b. nigra Bethune-Baker, 1918- Black-spotted pierrot (Baluchistan, Saurasthtra, Delhi, Peshawar, Simla Hills, C.India)

Description[edit]

Tarucus balkanicus male (top) and female (bottom)

Underside: Tailed.White with a prominent black streak from the base of both wings. Markings normally black. Continuous sub marginal bands of connected black streaks.

Upperside: Male always with discal spots and spot at cell-end on forewing. Mostly dark blue with a narrow border.

Female: Brownish grey with dark markings.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tarucus at Markku Savela's website on Lepidoptera
  2. ^ Afrotropical Butterflies: Lycaenidae - Tribe Polyommatini (part 1)
  3. ^ Evans, W. H. (1932). The Identification of Indian Butterflies (2nd ed.). Mumbai, India: Bombay Natural History Society.
  4. ^ Kehimkar, Isaac (2016). Butterflies of India (2016 ed.). Mumbai: Bombay Natural History Society. ISBN 9789384678012.

Further reading[edit]

  • Evans, W.H. (1932) The Identification of Indian Moths. (2nd Ed), Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India
  • Gaonkar, Harish (1996) Moths of the Western Ghats, India (including Sri Lanka) - A Biodiversity Assessment of a threatened mountain system. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.
  • Gay, Thomas; Kehimkar, Isaac & Punetha, J.C.(1992) Common Moths of India. WWF-India and Oxford University Press, Mumbai, India.
  • Haribal, Meena (1994) Moths of Sikkim Himalaya and their Natural History.
  • Kunte, Krushnamegh (2005) Moths of Peninsular India. Universities Press.
  • Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957) Moths of the Indian Region, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.