|Founded by||Yemenite Jews|
Tarum (Hebrew: תָּרוּם, lit. Exalted) is a moshav in central Israel. Located to the north of Beit Shemesh with an area of 1,800 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 802.
The village was established in 1950 by immigrants from Yemen. The founders were later joined by Cochin Jews who had immigrated from India. Its name is taken from Psalms 89:14, as is the name of the neighbouring moshav Ta'oz;
Thine is an arm with might; strong is Thy hand, and exalted is Thy right hand.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.431, ISBN 965-220-186-3
- Bitan, Hanna: 1948-1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jerusalem 1999, Carta, p.72, ISBN 965-220-423-4 (in Hebrew)
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 314. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.