Tarxien Parish Church
Tyrii Genure Coloni
(The Phoenicians Created Me)
|Region||South Eastern Region|
|District||Southern Harbour District|
|Borders||Fgura, Gudja, Luqa, Paola, Santa Luċija, Żabbar, Żejtun|
|• Mayor||Paul Farrugia (PL)|
|• Total||0.9 km2 (0.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Tarxiniż (m), Tarxiniża (f), Tarxiniżi (pl)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||MT-59|
|Day of festa||3rd Sunday of May (Annunciation)|
3rd Sunday of July (Our Lady of Doctrine)
The etymology of the village may be a corruption of Tirix, meaning a large stone, similar to those used for the village's noted temples. The village motto is Tyrii Genure Coloni ("The Phoenicians created me").
Tarxien's population stood at 7,724 villagers in December 2008, which increased to 8,583 by March 2014. When the summer comes, the heat drives most of the citizens of Ħal Tarxien to the seaside villages of Malta, often bringing down the population of the village to about two-thirds of what it is during the colder months.
The oldest temple here is said to date back to about 3600 BCE. The temples feature various statues and reliefs of animals, including goats (for which Malta is noted) and pigs. Most notable of the statues found in the Temples are about 2.5 m in height, and are said to represent a sort of Mother Goddess. There are several of these statues scattered around the various temples, and are thought to represent fertility. There was also one of three small baked clay figurines in the form of what is said to be a priest that was found here.
The parish church of Ħal Tarxien is dedicated to the Annunciation of Our Lady, hence the Tarxinizi (the people of Ħal Tarxien) consider the Blessed Virgin Mary, particularly at Her Annunciation as the Patron and Protector of their town and its whole population. The church was elevated to the status of parish in 1592, making it one of the oldest parishes of Malta. A key part of Ħal Tarxien culture is the feast of the Annunciation, whose feast is celebrated in late May or first Sunday of June. It is celebrated with religious celebrations and liturgical services at the parish church, and publicly with street decorations, band marches in the village streets and large aerial and ground firework displays.
The second largest church in town is dedicated to the Resurrection of Christ better known by the locals as "Ta' l-Erwieħ" (Maltese pronunciation: [tɐlɛrˈwɪːħ]). The word means "of the souls" and it is used due to the old cemetery that surrounds the church. This church is right next to the renowned Tarxien Neolithic Temples and is visited by many tourists as many of the prehistoric remains were also found in the mentioned cemetery.
There are two other small chapels in Ħal Tarxien. These are dedicated to St. Bartholomew and St. Mary respectively.
There is also another chapel which is housed in the convent of the Sisters of Charity. This is dedicated to 'Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception'. The same congregation have a school.
There is also another church dedicated to St. Nicholas of Tolentino and a convent which belongs to the Augustinian Friars.
The Ħal Tarxien local council members are:
- Paul Farrugia (Mayor, PL)
- Keith Darmanin (Vice Mayor, PL)
- Frans Agius (PL)
- Maria Doris Vella (PL)
- Luke Genuis (PL)
- Lawrence Bonavia (PN)
- Ismael Dalli (PN)
The only band club in Ħal Tarxien is the Għaqda Mużikali Marija Annunzjata founded in 1862. The Ħal Tarxien Band Club main aims are to promote the music culture amongst the locals of Ħal Tarxien and to co-organise the external titular festivities in honour of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Patroness of Ħal Tarxien, held annually during the last week of May.
- The Annunciation Band Club (L-Għaqda Mużikali Marija Annunzjata) http://www.tarxienbandclub.com
There is also another club, a social one, dedicated to Our Lady of Catholic Doctrine.
- Our lady of Christian Doctrine Social Club(Ghaqda Socjali Madonna Tad-Duttrina) https://web.archive.org/web/20110208044335/http://madonnatadduttrina.com/
- Ghaqda tan-nar San Gabriel www.stgabrielfireworkstarxien.com
- Ghaqda tan-nar Madonna Tad-Duttrina
Notable people from Tarxien
- Former Prime Minister of Malta Dominic Mintoff lived in Ħal Tarxien and died at his residence there on 20 August 2012.
- Former Minister Magistrate Dr. Joseph Cassar.
- Former Speaker of the House of the Representatives and Ambassador of Malta to the Vatican, Chev. Dr. Jimmy Farrugia lived at Ħal Tarxien until his death in 2007.
- Chev. Raffaele Bonnici Calì, painter, restorer and local historian lived in Ħal Tarxien until his death in 2002.
- Thea Garrett, singer. She represented Malta at Eurovision Song Contest 2010.
- Misraħ ir-Repubblika (Republic Square)
- Misraħ is-Suq (Market Square)
- Triq Birżebbuġa (Birzebbuga Road)
- Triq Brittanika (Britannic Street)
- Triq Ħal Tarxien (Tarxien Road)
- Triq id-Dejma (Dejma Street)
- Triq il-Kbira (Main Street)
- Triq il-Palma (Palm Street)
- Triq Paola (Paola Road)
- Triq San Anard (St Leonard Road)
- Triq Santa Marija (St Mary Street)
- Triq Tal-Barrani (Outer Road)
- Triq il-Knisja (Church Street)
- Triq iż-Żejtun (Żejtun Road)
- Triq Marju Schembri (Mario Schembri Street)
- "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
- "Megalithic Temples of Malta". UNESCO World Heritage List. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Times of Malta
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