The Legend of Tarzan (film)

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The Legend of Tarzan
The Legend of Tarzan poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byDavid Yates
Produced by
Screenplay by
Story by
  • Craig Brewer
  • Adam Cozad
Based on
Starring
Music byRupert Gregson-Williams
CinematographyHenry Braham
Edited byMark Day
Production
company
Distributed byWarner Bros. Pictures
Release date
  • June 27, 2016 (2016-06-27) (Dolby Theatre)
  • July 1, 2016 (2016-07-01) (United States)
  • July 6, 2016 (2016-07-06) (United Kingdom)
  • July 7, 2016 (2016-07-07) (Australia)
Running time
110 minutes[1]
Country
  • Australia
  • United Kingdom
  • United States[2]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$180 million[3]
Box office$356.7 million[3]

The Legend of Tarzan is a 2016 adventure film directed by David Yates and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures.[4] It is based on Edgar Rice Burroughs' fictional character. The film was written by Adam Cozad and Craig Brewer and stars Alexander Skarsgård as Tarzan, as well as Samuel L. Jackson, Margot Robbie, Djimon Hounsou, Jim Broadbent, and Christoph Waltz in supporting roles. Its story follows John Clayton (Tarzan), who after moving to London, is convinced by George Washington Williams to return to his former home in the jungles of Africa, to investigate claims of slavery.

Principal photography began on June 21, 2014, at Warner Bros. Leavesden Studios in the United Kingdom and wrapped four months later. The film premiered at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles on June 29, 2016, and was theatrically released in the United States on July 1, 2016, in 2D, 3D, IMAX, and IMAX 3D.[5] It grossed $38,527,856 in its opening weekend and $356 million worldwide against a budget of $180 million. It received mixed reviews from critics and has a 36% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[6]

Plot[edit]

At the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885, the Congo Basin is claimed by King Leopold II of the Belgians. Five years later, Leopold has accrued massive debts in exploiting the resources of the Congo Free State, and sends his envoy Léon Rom to secure the fabled diamonds of Opar. Rom's expedition is massacred by warriors led by Chief Mbonga, who offers Rom diamonds in exchange for Tarzan.

The man once called "Tarzan", The Rt Hon. John Clayton, Earl of Greystoke, has left Africa for his ancestral estate in Britain with his American wife, Jane, and embraced life as a wealthy nobleman. The British Prime Minister offers Lord Greystoke an invitation from Leopold to visit Boma. The Prime Minister and an American envoy, George Washington Williams, explain that Leopold is defaulting on his loans, and a visit from Greystoke – whose exploits as Tarzan have made him a celebrity – would secure Britain's influence in the Congo, but Greystoke refuses. George reveals to John, Lord Greystoke, his suspicions that Leopold is enslaving the Congolese population, and persuades John to go to the Congo to discover the truth. When he arrives back to at Greystoke Manor, a flashback reveals the deaths of John's parents after their shipwreck in Africa, and his adoption by the great apes called the Mangani. In Greystoke country house, Jane is telling visiting children a story. After a fight with Jane that evening, John has a flashback to when he was 5 years old playing in the treehouse with his ape foster mother, Kala and foster brother, Akut, and then is chased by Alpha Male Kerchak.

John, Jane, and George journey to the Congo, circumventing Rom and his corrupt financier Mr. Frum, and are welcomed by the Kuba village of John and Jane's youth. Jane tells George of John's life with the Mangani, and how she first met him. Rom and his men capture the villagers, killing Chief Muviro, and taking Wasimbu along with other able young men to serve as porters. George rescues John, but Jane and the captive villagers are taken aboard Rom's steamship. Rom reveals to Jane that he arranged John's invitation from Leopold to deliver him to Mbonga. Pursuing the steamship, John, George, and the village's remaining warriors seize a train carrying Belgian soldiers and enslaved Congolese. An engineer informs them of Rom's plan to take over the Congo, sanctioned by Leopold: using slave labor, Rom has built forts across the region, linked by railway and river travel, for an army of 20,000 mercenaries soon to arrive. With Leopold bankrupt, Rom needs the diamonds of Opar to pay for the army.

Finding documents that will expose Leopold, John and George leave the proof with the Kuba warriors and rescued slaves to deliver to Boma, and the pair continue on through Mangani territory. Confronted by the apes, John is forced to fight their leader, his foster brother Akut. John loses, but he and George are permitted to travel on. Jane and Wasimbu escape the steamship and flee into the jungle. Jane send Wasimbu off to rally the other tribes, knowing Rom's men will follow her. Jane encounters the Mangani, and Rom's men open fire on the apes. John arrives, saving the surviving Mangani, and pursues Rom, who takes Jane to Mbonga's tribe. It is revealed that years ago, Mbonga's son was killed by John for killing John's foster mother, Kala. Mbonga attacks John, who gains the upper hand but spares the chief. George and the Mangani arrive, and he and John convince Mbonga that Rom is their common enemy.

Rom takes Jane and the diamonds to Boma, where the mercenary army approaches shore. John and George send a massive stampede of wildebeest through the town, overrunning Rom's men, as the Kuba warriors arrive by train and free their families. John rescues Jane and pursues Rom, who prepares to deliver the diamonds to Frum and the mercenaries. Williams sinks Rom's steamship, but Rom strangles John with his rosary. Using a mating call to summon crocodiles, John breaks free and leaves Rom to be devoured by the crocodiles, escaping as the vessel's boiler explodes. Frum and the fleet of mercenaries depart. George returns to London and presents the prime minister with an open letter to Leopold exposing the slavery and abuses of the Congolese people. One year later, John and Jane have relocated to Africa, in Jane's father's old house. They celebrate their newborn child, and John returns to the great apes as Tarzan.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

An updated version of Tarzan had been in the works since at least 2003, with John August writing.[19] However, by 2008, it was reported that a different version, co-written by Stephen Sommers and Stuart Beatle, that was said to resemble the Pirates of the Caribbean series, was in development.[20][21] By 2011, Craig Brewer, who also rewrote a version of the script, was set to direct the film,[22] although this did not come to pass. Instead, David Yates was chosen to direct in 2012.[4] Other directors in the running included Susanna White and Gary Ross.[23] In April 2013, it was reported that the production was temporarily suspended due to budgetary concerns.[24]

Casting[edit]

For a while, producer Jerry Weintraub wanted swimmer Michael Phelps to play the title role, feeling that he was the heir apparent to Johnny Weissmuller, the actor who had famously played Tarzan, and who was also a prominent competitive swimmer. Weintraub reportedly changed his mind after watching Phelps host Saturday Night Live, for only two minutes.[25] Other early contenders for the role included Henry Cavill, Tom Hardy, and Charlie Hunnam.[4][26] On November 14, 2012, Alexander Skarsgård was cast in the title role, the choice of director Yates, while Samuel L. Jackson was being eyed to play Williams in the film.[7] Yates found Skarsgård to be the perfect Tarzan. He liked that he was born in Sweden but had found a career in America, so "he has this wonderful quality of not quite belonging to one or the other", he said.[8] On March 6, 2013, it was reported that Yates wanted Jessica Chastain to play Jane Porter.[27] On September 26, 2013, Christoph Waltz was in talks to play the villain in the film; he was later cast, as Captain Rom.[11]

The studio eyed Margot Robbie and Emma Stone to play the female lead character, Jane Porter.[12] Emma Watson, Sarah Bolger, Georgina Haig, Lucy Hale, Lyndsy Fonseca, Eleanor Tomlinson, Gabriella Wilde, Lucy Boynton and Cressida Bonas were all considered for the part. On January 18, 2014, Robbie was cast in the film, opposite Skarsgård, beating Stone for the role.[14] On June 4, Djimon Hounsou was set to play Chief Mbonga in the film.[15] On June 17, Osy Ikhile was added to the cast to play a supporting role, but the character was not then named.[28] Casper Crump was cast to play Captain Kerchover.[16] The release of the first trailer in December 2015 revealed that Jim Broadbent was also part of the cast.[citation needed]

Filming[edit]

Principal photography on the film commenced on June 30, 2014, at Warner Bros. Studios in Leavesden, Hertfordshire, England.[29][30] Filming had begun on the day an announcement was made for the expansion of the studio.[31] Filming wrapped the same year on October 3.[32] Filming took place for a total of 70 days.[33] According to The Wall Street Journal, shooting the film in Africa would have made the budget even higher.[34]

Making Africa seem authentic was especially important to the filmmakers, since the film was shot in England, except for six weeks in Gabon, filming background by helicopter without the cast. A working waterfall and a 100-foot-long collapsible pier were assembled at Warner Bros.’ Leavesden studios.[34][35] Seven versions of the African jungle were constructed to show different scenery throughout the filming. Plants from Holland were mixed with trees sculpted by the art department. Kedleston Hall stood in for the Greystoke Manor, and a cedar tree on the grounds of Highclere Castle served as the setting for an early pivotal scene between Tarzan and Jane.[35]

Soundtrack[edit]

The Legend of Tarzan: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Soundtrack album / Film score by
ReleasedJune 16, 2016 (digital)
June 24, 2016 (physical)
Recorded2016
GenreFilm score
Length71:19
LabelWaterTower Music
ProducerRupert Gregson-Williams
Rupert Gregson-Williams film scores chronology
The Do-Over
(2016)
The Legend of Tarzan: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(2016)
Hacksaw Ridge
(2016)
Singles from The Legend of Tarzan: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
  1. "Better Love"
    Released: 2016

The film's score was composed by Rupert Gregson-Williams. The soundtrack was released on June 16, 2016 by WaterTower Music and on CD on June 24, 2016. Tony Clarke,[36] Thomas Farnon,[37] and Tom Howe[38] are credited for additional music. Hozier provided a single, "Better Love", which is played at the film's end credits.[39]

Track listing[edit]

All music is composed by Rupert Gregson-Williams, except where noted.

No.TitleWriter(s)Artist(s)Length
1."Opar"
Zoe Mthiyane3:28
2."Diamonds"  4:50
3."Togetherness"  1:44
4."Steamer and Butterfly"
  • Gregson-Williams
  • Thomas Farnon
 2:40
5."Orphaned"  2:46
6."Returning Home"  4:01
7."Campfire"
  • Gregson-Williams
  • Farnon
 2:40
8."Tarzan and Jane"  3:39
9."Village Ambush"
  • Gregson-Williams
  • Tom Howe
 4:41
10."Catching the Train"  2:16
11."Rom's Plan"  2:11
12."Akut Fight"
  • Gregson-Williams
  • Anthony Clarke
 2:16
13."Elephants in the Night"  3:12
14."Jane Escapes"  2:44
15."Jungle Shooting"  2:41
16."Kala's Death"  5:15
17."Where Was Your Honor?"
  • Gregson-Williams
  • Farnon
 2:29
18."Boma Port"  4:04
19."Stampede"
  • Gregson-Williams
  • Farnon
 4:33
20."On the Boat"  3:10
21."The Legend of Tarzan"  2:36
22."Better Love"Andrew Hozier-ByrneHozier3:23
Total length:71:19

Release[edit]

The film was released on July 1, 2016 by Warner Bros., in traditional formats as well as 3D and IMAX 3D.[5]

Home media[edit]

The film was released on October 11, 2016, in traditional formats, Blu-ray, DVD and 4K Blu-ray.[40]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The Legend of Tarzan grossed $126.6 million in the United States and Canada and $230.1 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $356.7 million.[3] Given its $180 million production budget, it would have had to have earned at least $400 million to break even and justify a sequel. Deadline Hollywood's financial analysts stated that the film lost the studio an estimated $40 million, although the studio itself asserted the film broke even.[41][42]

In the United States and Canada, The Legend of Tarzan opened alongside The BFG and The Purge: Election Year, and was projected to gross to $25–33 million in its opening weekend.[41][43][44] It opened Friday, July 1, 2016 across 3,561 theaters and 6,700 screens, and grossed $14 million on its opening day, including $1.4 million in IMAX showings.[45] This includes $2.6 million it made from Thursday night previews.[46] In its opening weekend, buoyed by positive word of mouth, the film grossed a better-than-expected $38.5 million, of which IMAX contributed $3.9 million, and $45.6 million over its four-day Independence Day holiday frame, finishing second place at the box office behind Finding Dory, but first among new releases. However, despite its opening numbers, Deadline called the film a "dud", due to its lofty budget.[47][48]

Internationally, The Legend of Tarzan received a scattered release pattern, in order to take advantage of the competitive landscape surrounding the 2016 European Championship.[49] It is likely that a recoup of the film's hefty production budget will be dependent on international audiences and returns. Jeff Goldstein, Warner's executive vice president of domestic distribution, told The New York Times, "This property has always really been about the international opportunity."[50] The film opened across 19 markets on the same weekend it debuted in North America, including major territories like Russia and South Korea.[41] In its opening weekend, it grossed $19.3 million on about 6,700 screens, and an IMAX total of $1.2 million from 122 IMAX theaters.[49] In Russia and the CIS, it opened with $3.1 million, debuting in first place at the box office. However, it was the lowest No. 1 opening for a film since April,[51] while in South Korea it debuted at No. 2, with $4 million. In the latter market, it faced significant competition from local films Familyhood and The Hunt, both of which performed strongly.[49][52] In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it came in second place with $4.7 million, including previews, debuting behind the animated The Secret Life of Pets, and in Australia with $3.2 million, behind Finding Dory.[53] Elsewhere, Asia had No. 1 openings in India, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia. The studio also reported No. 1 debuts in Mexico ($4.6 million), Brazil ($3.4 million), Spain ($1.8 million), Italy ($1.6 million), the majority of Eastern European markets, and Puerto Rico.[49][53][54][55] Germany ($2 million), the UAE ($1.6 million), and Japan ($1.5 million) had similar opening figures.[56]

In China – the film's second biggest market – the film was granted a rare release date in the month of July, a peculiar move since July is typically the month when Chinese regulators ban foreign films (including Hollywood films) in order to protect and promote their own local films.[57][58] It opened on Tuesday, July 19, and made $7 million on its opening day. It went on to deliver a six-day opening of around $27 million and a three-day weekend opening of $12 million. Although the opening number was regarded strong, it came in second place, behind Skiptrace, which occupied a market share in excess of 56%, in comparion to The Legend of Tarzan's 16%.[55][59]

In terms of total earnings, its biggest markets outside of the United States are China ($45.1 million), Mexico ($13.7 million) and the U.K. and Ireland ($11.9 million).[60]

Critical response[edit]

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 36% based on 241 reviews with an average rating of 5.07/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "The Legend of Tarzan has more on its mind than many movies starring the classic character, but that isn't enough to make up for its generic plot or sluggish pace."[61] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 44 out of 100 based on 41 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[62] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale.[63]

Manohla Dargis of The New York Times gave the film a positive review, stating "What makes it more enjoyable than a lot of recycled stories of this type is that the filmmakers have given Tarzan a thoughtful, imperfect makeover."[64] In his review, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone stated "At least it's watchable. In summer, baby, that's high praise."[65]

Peter Debruge of Variety gave the film a negative review, stating "A talky and mostly turgid attempt by British director David Yates to build on the epic vision he brought to the final four Harry Potter movies via another beloved literary hero."[66] Jordan Hoffman of The Guardian criticized the film for its story and writing, stating "Committed performances aren’t enough to save this film from uncomfortable colonial optics, uninspiring CGI and tedious plotlines." The film was also called out for trying to make the source material politically correct and for being a white saviour story.[67]

Accolades[edit]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
Alliance of Women Film Journalists December 21, 2016 Actress Most in Need of a New Agent Margot Robbie (also for Suicide Squad) Nominated [68]
[69]
Jupiter Awards March 29, 2017 Best International Actress Margot Robbie Nominated [70]
Saturn Awards June 28, 2017 Best Action or Adventure Film The Legend of Tarzan Nominated [71]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]