Tasikmalaya

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Tasikmalaya
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundaneseᮒᮞᮤᮊ᮪ᮙᮜᮚ
Masjid Agung Tasikmalaya.jpg
Stasiun Tasikmalaya.jpg
Pangkalan TNI AU Wiriadinata, Tasikmalaya.jpg
Clockwise from the top:
Great Mosque of Tasikmalaya, Wiriadinata Airbase, Tasikmalaya Railway Station
Coat of arms of Tasikmalaya
Nickname(s): 
Dutch: Delhi Van Java
English: Delhi of Java
Motto(s): 
Indonesian: Kota Resik
English: Neaty City
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Tasikmalaya City is located in Java
Tasikmalaya City
Tasikmalaya City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Tasikmalaya City is located in Indonesia
Tasikmalaya City
Tasikmalaya City
Tasikmalaya City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°18′58″S 108°11′51″E / 7.3161°S 108.1975°E / -7.3161; 108.1975Coordinates: 7°18′58″S 108°11′51″E / 7.3161°S 108.1975°E / -7.3161; 108.1975
Country Indonesia
Province West Java
Founded2001
Government
 • MayorBudi Budiman
 • Vice MayorMuhammad Yusuf
Area
 • City184.22 km2 (71.13 sq mi)
 • Metro
729.4 km2 (281.6 sq mi)
Elevation
351 m (1,151 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • City716,155
 • Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,339,891 (2,010)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code(+62) 265
Vehicle registrationZ
Websitetasikmalayakota.go.id

Tasikmalaya is a city in West Java, Indonesia. The city is sometimes dubbed kota santri (city of pious people) or "the City of a Thousand Pesantrens" for its abundance of Islamic boarding schools.[2] Located around 120 kilometres (75 mi) southeast from the provincial capital of Bandung, Tasikmalaya is passed by Indonesian National Route 3.

The city is located in the mountainous Priangan region of Java at an elevation of 351 metres (1,151 feet).

The population of the city (excluding the Tasikmalaya Regency, which surrounds the city to the west, south and east) was 634,948 according to the 2010 Census,[3] and increased to 716,155 at the 2020 Census.[4] Its built-up (or metro) area made of Tasikmalaya City and 14 neighbouring districts spread over Tasikmalaya and Ciamis regencies was home to 1,339,891 inhabitants as at the 2010 census.[5]

Demographics[edit]

The population of the city Tasikmalaya according to the Intermediate Censuses in the years 2005 and 2015, and the full Censuses in 2010[6] and 2020,[7] are listed below:

Year Population Density /(km²)
2005 579,671 3,147
2010 634,948 3,447
2015 657,477 3,569
2020 716,155 3,887

Administrative districts[edit]

Tasikmalaya city is divided into ten districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[8] and the 2020 Census.[9] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (desa and keluraham) in each district, and its post code.

Name Area
(in km2)
Population
Census
2010
Population
Census
2020
No. of
vill.
Post
code
Kawalu 42.33 84,930 96,780 10 46182
Tamansari 37.00 63,073 77,070 8 46191
Cibeureum 18.39 61,238 68,600 9 46196
-46416
Purbaratu 12.63 38,130 44,380 6 46190
Tawang 6.91 62,641 60,160 5 46111
-46115
Cihideung 5.45 71,507 71,950 6 46121
-46126
Mangkubumi 24.00 85,193 97,910 8 46181
Indihiang 10.86 47,554 57,570 8 46151
-46411
Bungursari 17.62 45,733 60,190 7 46151
Cipedes 9.04 74,949 81,560 4 46131
-46134
Totals 184.22 634,948 716,155 69

-

1996 riot[edit]

The city of Tasikmalaya was the site of a widely reported riot in late December 1996. Four people were killed and several churches and dozens of mostly Chinese-owned businesses were destroyed in the violence, which was triggered by allegations of police brutality. It was also fueled by frustration with allegedly corrupt local government officials.[10] The event was among the earliest of many riots with religion- and class-based undertones that occurred in Java during the late 1990s.[11]

Natural disasters[edit]

On 5 April 1982, the volcano of Gunung Galunggung erupted about 24 km from the city, causing major damage through lahar and ash projection, and forcing a temporary evacuation of the area.

On 2 September 2009 a magnitude 7 earthquake struck, destroying a number of buildings in the city and killing several people.[12]

On 26 June 2010, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck Tasikmalaya at 4:45pm Waktu Indonesia Barat (WIB). No injuries or destroyed buildings were reported.[13]

On 20 May 2012, a magnitude 5 earthquake struck. It happened at 07:37pm Waktu Indonesia Barat (WIB). No injuries or destroyed buildings were reported.[14]

Toll Road[edit]

A toll road is planned to be built in 2018 connecting Tasikmalaya and Bandung's Ring Road 2.[15]

Wiriadinata Airport[edit]

Wiriadinata Airport in Cibeureum (also called Cibeureum Airport) was solely a military airport, but on 9 June 2017 it became a military airport with a civil airport enclave. With its 1,200 metres runway, it can accommodate ATR 72-600 aircraft.[16]

Climate[edit]

Tasikmalaya has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Tasikmalaya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
29.7
(85.5)
29.8
(85.6)
29.9
(85.8)
29.8
(85.6)
29.0
(84.2)
27.8
(82.0)
28.2
(82.8)
28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.2
(84.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
25.7
(78.3)
24.8
(76.6)
23.9
(75.0)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.6
(78.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.2
(77.4)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.5
(70.7)
21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.6
(70.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
20.3
(68.5)
21.3
(70.3)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.2
(70.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 351
(13.8)
293
(11.5)
315
(12.4)
248
(9.8)
279
(11.0)
227
(8.9)
177
(7.0)
244
(9.6)
315
(12.4)
288
(11.3)
288
(11.3)
362
(14.3)
3,387
(133.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[17]

Famous People[edit]

Pictures gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ "City of contrasts". 2004. The Straits Times February 27.
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ "Indonesia: Provinces, Regencies, Cities, Districts, Communes, Settlements - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de.
  6. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  10. ^ Collins, Elizabeth Fuller (2002). Indonesia: a violent culture? Asian Survey 42(4):582-605.
  11. ^ Bird, Judith (1998). Indonesia in 1997: The tinderbox year. Asian Survey 38(2):168-176
  12. ^ "Deadly earthquake hits Indonesia". September 2, 2009 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2012-05-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Gempa 5 SR Guncang Tasikmalaya". detiknews.
  15. ^ "Connected with Bandung Ring Road 2".
  16. ^ Satrio Widianto (June 10, 2017). "Ini Fasilitas di Bandara Wiriadinata Tasikmalaya".
  17. ^ "Climate: Tasikmalaya". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.

External links[edit]