Tasmanian House of Assembly

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House of Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded 1856
Leadership
Elise Archer, Liberal
Since March 2014
Chair of Committees
Mark Shelton, Liberal
Since March 2014
Structure
Seats 25
Tasmanian Legislative Assembly 2014.svg
Political groups
Government
     Liberal (15)
Opposition
     Labor (7)
Crossbench
     Greens (3)
Elections
Last general election
15 March 2014
Next general election
by 2018
Meeting place
Tasmanian House of Assembly.jpg
House of Assembly Chamber,
Parliament House, Hobart,
Tasmania, Australia
Website
House of Assembly

The House of Assembly, or Lower House, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Tasmania in Australia. The other is the Legislative Council or Upper House. It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Hobart.

The Assembly has 25 members, elected for a term of up to four years, with five members being elected in each of five electorates, called divisions. Each division has approximately the same number of electors. Voting for the House of Assembly is by a form of proportional representation using the single transferable vote (STV), known as the Hare-Clark system. By having multiple members for each division, the voting intentions of the electors are more closely represented in the House of Assembly. The quota for election in each division, after distribution of preferences, is 16.7% (one-sixth). Under the preferential proportional voting system in place, the lowest-polling candidates are eliminated, and their votes distributed as preferences to the remaining candidates. If a candidates has achieved a quota, their surplus votes are redistributed as preferences. The last election for the House of Assembly took place on 15 March 2014.

This system makes it easier for minor parties to gain election and possibly gain the balance of power. In the present House of Assembly, winning 15 seats—only two more than necessary for a majority—is considered a landslide victory.[1]

Most legislation is initiated in the House of Assembly. The party or coalition with a majority of seats in the House of Assembly is invited by the Governor of Tasmania to form Government. The leader of that party becomes the Premier of Tasmania, and his/her senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian politicians traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will be passed by the House of Assembly.

History[edit]

Year Members
1856 30
1870 32
1885 36
1893 37
1900 35
1906 30
1959 35
1998 25

The House of Assembly was first established in 1856, under legislation passed by the British Parliament creating the independent self-governing Colony of Tasmania. The Legislative Council had already existed since 1852. The first elections for the House of Assembly were held in October 1856. The House first met on 2 December 1856 in the area that is now the parliamentary members lounge. The first House had members elected to represent 24 electorates. Hobart had five members, Launceston had three members, and the 22 other electorates each had one member.

In 1906 the old electoral system was abolished. Instead, the state was divided into five equally represented multi-member electorates corresponding to the state's five federal electorates. Each electorate would return six members using the Hare-Clark proportional representation system.

In 1959 the number of members per electorate was increased to seven. In 1998 it was reduced to five, resulting in the current 25-member parliament. The reduction has been criticised by the Greens, as an attempt to reduce their influence. However, since the 2002 election the Green vote has increased and they currently hold three seats. In 2010, the leaders of the three main parties—Labor, the Liberals and the Greens—moved to increase the number of seats in the House back to 35 for the next state election. The three leaders signed an agreement on 2 September to submit the proposal for public consideration before taking a set of resolutions to their respective party rooms.[2] The proposal, however, was dropped in February 2011 when the Liberal Party withdrew its support for the plan, citing budget circumstances.[3]

Unlike most state parliaments in Australia, by-elections are very rare in the House of Assembly. Since 1917, casual vacancies have usually been filled by a simple recount of votes.[4] One of the few by-elections in recent memory occurred in 1980, when the Supreme Court ordered a new election in Denison because three Labor members had exceeded spending limits.[5]

Electorates[edit]

Tasmanian House of Assembly and Commonwealth House of Representatives electoral divisions

With five members each, the five electoral divisions of the Tasmanian House of Assembly are:

The electorates of the Tasmanian House of Assembly have the same boundaries as the electorates for the federal House of Representatives.[6]

Members[edit]

Current distribution of seats[edit]

The distribution of seats as a result of the 2014 House of Assembly elections was:

Party Seats held Percentage of Assembly Current House of Assembly
Liberal Party of Australia 15 60%                              
Australian Labor Party 7 28%              
Tasmanian Greens 3 12%      

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]